Relevance of technological innovation and entrepreneurship to biotechnology in Iran
Researcher Bulletin of Medical Sciences,
Vol. 23 No. 1 (2018),
One of the latest and most controversial areas of science is biotechnology. Genetic engineering concerns with the manipulation of DNA molecules to modify plants, animals and other creatures. Scientists are now able to isolate a gene or genome in an animal or plant to another one, based on the traits they want to transfer. The movement of a gene from a living creature to another one is called the recombinant DNA technology. The technology is developing rapidly. Regarding the specific features of biotechnology, opportunities are being created for the emergence of technological entrepreneurship projects in countries that have developed the logic science which provides the necessary capacity to establish connections to the international biotechnology network. This article seeks to find the relevance of technological innovation and entrepreneurship criteria to different technologies, including biotechnology. By improving sub-indicators of innovation and creating technological entrepreneurship units in businesses, we can increase the growth speed of their technologies. Moreover, some reports of global innovation indicators suggest the growth of Iran in technological areas from 2014 to 2017. This is due to the entering of technological entrepreneurship units in these areas, particularly biotechnology.
- Technological entrepreneurship
How to Cite
Anadon, L. D., Chan, G., Harley, A. G., Matus, K., Moon, S., Murthy, S. L., & Clark, W. C. (2016). Making technological innovation work for sustainable development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(35), 9682-9690.
Arabiun, A., & Shaye Sani, M. (2016). Factors affecting entrepreneurial culture and promote creativity and innovation in government agencies. Rom, Italy: www.3icm21.com.
AsaLindholmDahlstrand. (2007). Technology-based entrepreneurship and regional development: the case of Sweden. European Business Review, Vol. 19 No. 5, 373-386.
Baron, R. A. (2008). The role of affect in the entereprenuarial process. academy of management review,33, 328-340.
Bergmann, H., Mueller, S., & Schrettle, T. (2013). The use of global entrepreneurship monitor data in academic research: A critical inventory and future potentials. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, 6, 242-276.
BIO. (2001). Editors and reporters guide to biotechnology. USA: A report by the Biotechnology Industry Organization.
Bosma, N., Wennekers, S., Guerrero, M., Amoros, J. E., Martarena, A., & Singer, S. (2013). GEM Special Report On Entrepreneurial Employee Activity.
Dawson, V. (2007). n exploration of high school (12–17 year old) students‟understandings of, and attitudes towards, biotechnology processes. Research in Science Education 37, no. 1, 59-73.
Dawson, V., & Schibeci, R. (2003). Western Australian school students‟understanding of biotechnology. International Journal of Science Education 25, no. 1, 57-69.
Dierickx, I., & Cool, K. (1989). Asset Stock Accumulation and Sustainability of Competitive Advantage. Management Science, 35(12), 1504-1511.
Drucker, P. (2014). Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Business & Economics.
Eisenhardt, K., & Martin, J. (2000). “Dynamic capabilities: what are they?”. Strat. Mgmt. J., 21(10-11), 1105-1121.
FELDMAN, M. P. (2000). Where science comes to life: university biosciences, commercial spin-offs and regional economic development. The Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis, Research and Practice, 2, 345.
FELDMAN, M. P., & FRANCIS, J. L. (2002). The entrepreneurial spark: individual agents and the formation of innovative clusters in complexity and industrial clusters, in A. QUADRIO CURZIO and M. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.
Fonseca, M. (2011). Multidimensional analysis of high-school students perceptions about biotechnology. Journal of Biological Education.
Itami, H., & Roehl, T. (1987). Mobilizing invisible assets. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.
Kemeny, T. (2010). "Does Foreign Direct Investment Drive Technological Upgrading?". World Development, 38 (11), 1543-1554.
Kidman, G. (2008). Asking students: What key ideas would make classroom biology interesting? Teaching Science 54, no. 2, 8-34.
Klop, T., & Severiens, S. (2007). An exploration of attitudes towards modern biotechnology: A study among Dutch secondary school students. International Journal of Science Education 29, no. 5, 79-663.
Lamanauskas, V., & Makarskaite˙-Petkevicˇiene, R. (2008). Lithuanian university students‟ knowledge of biotechnology and their attitudes to the taught subject. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education 4, no. 3, 77-269.
Lipsey, R. G., Carlaw, K. L., & Bekar, C. T. (2005). Economic Transformations: General Purpose Technologies and Long-Term Economic Growth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Luca, M., & Cazan, A. (2011). Involvement in Entrepreneurial Training and Personality. Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 1251-1256.
Marinigh, S. (2008). Building a Culture of Entrepreneurship. Canada: Canadian Youth Business Foundation.
Miller, D. (1983). The Correlates of Entrepreneurship in Three Types of Firms. Management Science, Vol. 29, No. 7, 770-791.
Miller, D. a. (1982). Innovation in conservative and entrepreneurial firms: two models of strategic momentum. Strategic Management Journal, No.1, 1-25.
Nonaka, I., & Von Krogh, G. (2009). ”Tacit Knowledge and Knowledge Conversion: Controversy and Advancement in Organizational Knowledge Creation Theory.”. Organization Science, 20(3), 635-652.
Petti, C. (2009). Cases in Technological Entrepreneurship: Converting Ideas into. Edited by Claudio Petti. Edward Elgar.
Prokop, P. A., Leskova´, M., Kubiatko, & Diran, C. (2007). Slovakian students knowledge of and attitudes toward biotechnology. International Journal of Science Education 29, no. 7, 895-907.
Sa´ez, M. J., Nin˜o, A. G., & Carretero, A. (2008). Matching society values:Students‟ views of biotechnology. International Journal of Science Education 30, no. 2, 83-167.
Stevenson, H. R. (1985). New business ventures and the entrepreneur. Homewood: Irwin.
Tang, M., & Hussler, C. (2011). "Betting on Indigenous Innovation or Relying on FDI: The Chinese Strategy for Catching Up‟. Technology in Society, 33, 23-35.
Us_ak, M., Erdogan, M., Prokop, P., & O¨ zel, M. (2009). High school and university students‟ knowledge and attitudes regarding biotechnology. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education 37, no. 2, 30-123.
Williamson, O. (1999). Strategy research: governance and competence perspectives. Strat. Mgmt. J., 20(12), 1087-1108.
Zeleny, M. (1986). Hich technology management. Human system management, vol. 6, 109-112.
Zollo, M., & Winter, S. (2002). “Deliberate Learning and the Evolution of Dynamic Capabilities.”. Organization Science, 13(3), 339-351.
- Abstract Viewed: 0 times
- PDF Downloaded: 0 times