The effectiveness of parent-based pivotal response treatment on social health and psychological well-being among mothers with autistic children
Researcher Bulletin of Medical Sciences,
Vol. 22 No. 1 (2017),
8 September 2018
Introduction: Parents of children with autism are increasingly are considered as one of the primary source of intervention for their children, also there is an increasing demand for access to effective interventions for families who have children with autism. The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of parent-based pivotal response treatment (PRT) on social health (the amount of interaction a person has with their community) among mothers with autistic children.
Methods: The present study is a semi-experimental research and its design consists of pretest, posttest with control group and a sample of 40 mothers with autistic children referring to the educational and rehabilitation center of Tehran and Karaj from fall to winter of 2016., participants were selected in two groups of control (20 people) and tested (20 people). To measure the independent variables in the pretest, post-test questionnaires, Reef psychological well-being and the social health of Keyes and Shapiro (short form) were used. The experimental group was trained for PRT during three months. Ultimately, the collected data were analyzed applying SPSS software via paired t-test and independent t-test method.
Results: The results showed that there was significant increase in scales of social heath and psychological well-being in both experimental group and control group; but the increment was significantly higher in experimental group (P < 0.001; P < 0.023 respectively).
Conclusion: According to benefits of parental intervention in treatment and importance of increasing therapy sessions for children with autism, it is recommended that this therapy method in conjunction with conventional methods is offered to parents of children with autism specially mothers.
- Pivotal response treatment (PRT)
- Social health
- Psychological well-being
- Autistic children
How to Cite
Steiner AM, Gengoux GW, Klin A, Chawarska K. Pivotal response treatment for infants at-risk for autism spectrum disorders: A pilot study. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2013;43(1):91-102.
Verschuur R, Didden R, Lang R, Sigafoos J, Huskens B. Pivotal response treatment for children with autism spectrum disorders: A systematic review. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 2014;1(1):34-61.
Samadi SA, Mahmoodizadeh A, McConkey R. A national study of the prevalence of autism among five-year-old children in Iran. Autism. 2012;16(1):5-14.
Hardan AY, Gengoux GW, Berquist KL, Libove RA, Ardel CM, Phillips J, et al. A randomized controlled trial of Pivotal Response Treatment Group for parents of children with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2015;56(8):884-92.
Mohammadzaheri F, Koegel LK, Rezaei M, Bakhshi E. A randomized clinical trial comparison between pivotal response treatment (PRT) and adult-driven applied behavior analysis (ABA) intervention on disruptive behaviors in public school children with autism. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2015;45(9):2899-907.
Machado Junior SB, Celestino MIO, Serra JPC, Caron J, Pondé MP. Risk and protective factors for symptoms of anxiety and depression in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. Developmental neurorehabilitation. 2016;19(3):146-53.
Falk NH, Norris K, Quinn MG. The factors predicting stress, anxiety and depression in the parents of children with autism. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2014;44(12):3185-203.
Tonge BJ, Bull K, Brereton A, Wilson R. A review of evidence-based early intervention for behavioural problems in children with autism spectrum disorder: the core components of effective programs, child-focused interventions and comprehensive treatment models. Current opinion in psychiatry. 2014;27(2):158-65.
Gengoux GW, Berquist KL, Salzman E, Schapp S, Phillips JM, Frazier TW, et al. Pivotal response treatment parent training for autism: Findings from a 3-month follow-up evaluation. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2015;45(9):2889-98.
Mohammadzaheri F, Koegel LK, Rezaee M, Rafiee SM. A randomized clinical trial comparison between pivotal response treatment (PRT) and structured applied behavior analysis (ABA) intervention for children with autism. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2014;44(11):2769-77.
Smith IM, Flanagan HE, Garon N, Bryson SE. Effectiveness of community-based early intervention based on pivotal response treatment. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2015;45(6):1858-72.
Randolph JK, Stichter JP, Schmidt CT, O’Connor KV. Fidelity and effectiveness of PRT implemented by caregivers without college degrees. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities. 2011;26(4):230-8.
Ghasemi M, Gorji Y, Ashtar F, Ghasemi M. A study of psychological well-being in people with multiple sclerosis and their primary caregivers. Advanced biomedical research. 2015;4.
Snowden M, Dhingra SS, Keyes CL, Anderson LA. Changes in mental well-being in the transition to late life: findings from MIDUS I and II. American journal of public health. 2010;100(12):2385-8.
Duifhuis E, den Boer J, Doornbos A, Buitelaar J, Oosterling I, Klip H. The Effect of Pivotal Response Treatment in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Non-randomized Study with a Blinded Outcome Measure. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2017;47(2):231-42.
Ferraioli SJ, Harris SL. Comparative effects of mindfulness and skills-based parent training programs for parents of children with autism: Feasibility and preliminary outcome data. Mindfulness. 2013;4(2):89-101.
Steiner AM, Koegel LK, Koegel RL, Ence WA. Issues and theoretical constructs regarding parent education for autism spectrum disorders. Journal of autism and developmental disorders. 2012;42(6):1218-27.
Coolican J, Smith IM, Bryson SE. Brief parent training in pivotal response treatment for preschoolers with autism. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 2010;51(12):1321-30.
Gray DE, Holden WJ. Psycho-social well-being among the parents of children with autism. Australia and New Zealand Journal of Developmental Disabilities. 1992;18(2):83-93.
Pottie CG, Ingram KM. Daily stress, coping, and well-being in parents of children with autism: a multilevel modeling approach. Journal of Family Psychology. 2008;22(6):855.
Zaidman-Zait A, Mirenda P, Duku E, Vaillancourt T, Smith IM, Szatmari P, et al. Impact of personal and social resources on parenting stress in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism. 2017;21(2):155-66.
Pruitt MM, Willis K, Timmons L, Ekas NV. The impact of maternal, child, and family characteristics on the daily well-being and parenting experiences of mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism. 2016;20(8):973-85.
Costa AP, Steffgen G, Ferring D. Contributors to well-being and stress in parents of children with autism spectrum disorder. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders. 2017;37:61-72.
- Abstract Viewed: 0 times
- PDF Downloaded: 0 times