Investigating the Relationship of Forgiveness and Religious Orientation to Marital Conflict

Keywords: Forgiveness, Marital conflict, Orientation religious


For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Background and Objective: Since marital conflicts have numerous destructive effects on the family and mental and even physical health of the people in community, it is necessary to know the factors that affect it. Therefore, the present study was an attempt to investigate the relationship of forgiveness and intrinsic and extrinsic religious orientation with marital conflicts.

Methods: This study is correlational and the statistical population consists of married teachers with children from Qom, who were taking part in an in-service training program in the summer of 2016. Out of them, 224 participants were selected based on Morgan’s table by simple random sampling. The participants were evaluated using Alport’s religious orientation, Rye’s forgiveness and Barati and Sanaei’s marital conflict questionnaires. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation test and multiple regression with backward method. In this study, all the ethical considerations have been observed and no conflict of interest was reported by the authors.

Results: The results showed that marital conflicts had a significantly negative relationship with forgiveness and intrinsic religious orientation. There was no significant relationship, however, between marital conflicts and extrinsic religious orientation.

Conclusion: Based the findings, it can be concluded that paying attention to the couple’s religious orientation and teaching forgiveness skills will play an important role in reducing marital conflicts.For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Please cite this article as: Zarei M, Nazari AM, Zahrakar K. Investigating the Relationship of Forgiveness and Religious Orientation to Marital Conflict. Journal of Pizhūhish dar dīn va salāmat. 2020;6(2):87-99.


Young ME, Long LL. Counseling and therapy for couples: Thomson Brooks/Cole Publishing Co; 1998.

Greeff AP, De Bruyne T. Conflict management style and marital satisfaction. Journal of sex & marital therapy. 2000;26(4):321-34.

Barati T. The effect of marital conflicts on husband and wife interaction: University of Islamic Azad, Roudehen Branch; 1996. (Full Text in Persian)

Dunham SM. Emotional skillfulness in African American marriage: Intimate safety as a mediator of the relationship between emotional skillfulness and marital satisfaction: University of Akron; 2008.

Mahoney KR. The relationship of partner support and coping strategies to marital adjustment among women with diabetes and their male partners: New York University, College of Nursing; 2006.

Mc Cullough ME. Forgiveness: Who Does It and How Do They Do It? Current Directions in Psychological Science. 2001;10(6):194-7.

Afkhami E, Bahrami F, Fatehizadeh MS. Barresi-ye Rabeteh-ye bein Mizan-e Bakhshoodegi va Taaroz-e Zanashooei-ye Zoojein dar Ostan-e Yazad. Journal of Family Research. 2007;9(3):431-42. (Full Text in Persian)

Fincham FD, Beach SR, Davila J. Forgiveness and conflict resolution in marriage. Journal of family psychology: JFP: journal of the Division of Family Psychology of the American Psychological Association. 2004;18(1):72-81.

Seif S, Bahari F. Standardization and validation of the measure of forgiveness in families for Iranian families: University of Al-Zahra; 2001. (Full Text in Persian)

Worthington Jr EL, Wade NG. The psychology of unforgiveness and forgiveness and implications for clinical practice. Journal of Social and clinical psychology. 1999;18(4):385-418.

Maltby J, Wood AM, Day L, Kon TW, Colley A, Linley PA. Personality predictors of levels of forgiveness two and a half years after the transgression. Journal of Research in Personality. 2008;42(4):1088-94.

Macaskill A. Defining forgiveness: Christian clergy and general population perspectives. Journal of personality. 2005;73(5):1237-66.

Bahrami Ehsan H, Tashk A. Abad-e Rabeteh-ye Mian Jahatgiri-ye Mazhabi va Salamat-e Ravani va Arzyabi-ye Meghyas-e Jahatgiri-ye Mazhabi. JPSYEDU. 2004;34(2):41-63. (Full Text in Persian)

Moradi A. Evaluation of the relationship between social acceptance and internal-external religious orientation with the quality of life: University of Allameh Tabatabaei; 2011. (Full Text in Persian)

Mokhtari A, Allahyari AA, Rasoulzadeh Tabatabaei SK. Rabeteh-ye Jahatgirihaye Mazhabi ba Mizan-e Tanidegi. Journal of Psychology. 2001;1(17):56-67. (Full Text in Persian)

Call VR, Heaton TB. Religious influence on marital stability. Journal for the scientific study of religion. 1997:382-92.

Hünler OS, Gençöz T. The effect of religiousness on marital satisfaction: Testing the mediator role of marital problem solving between religiousness and marital satisfaction relationship. Contemporary Family Therapy. 2005;27(1):123-36.

Najafi H. The Relationship between Religious Orientation and Marital Satisfaction and Intimacy among High School Teachers: University of Tehran; 2010. (Full Text in Persian)

Allport GW, Ross JM. Personal religious orientation and prejudice. Journal of personality and social psychology. 1967;5(4):432.

Butler MH. A meta-analytic update of research on the couple communication program. American Journal of Family Therapy. 1999;27(3):223-37.

Hosseininasab S, Davoud H, Nosratabad T. The relationship between religious orientation and marital adjustment. Journal of Psychology. 2010;14(4):49-62. (Full Text in Persian)

DiBlasio FA, Benda BB. Forgiveness intervention with married couples: Two empirical analyses. Journal of psychology and Christianity. 2008;27(2):150-8.

Kim LM, Johnson JL, Ripley J. A "Perfect" Storm: Perfectionism, Forgiveness, and Marital Satisfaction. Individual Differences Research. 2011;9(4):199-209.

Miller AJ, Worthington Jr EL. Sex differences in forgiveness and mental health in recently married couples. The journal of positive psychology. 2010;5(1):12-23.

Salahian A, Sadeghi M, Bahrami F, Sharifi M. Examine the Relationship between Emotional Intelligence and Forgiveness with Marital Conflicts. Journal of Psychological Studies. 2010;6(2):115-40. (Full Text in Persian)

Sanai B, Alaghemand S, Falahati Sh, Hooman A. Meghyas-e Sanjesh-e Khanevadeh va Ezdevaj. Tehran: Besat; 2009. (Full Text in Persian)

Rye MS, Loiacono DM, Folck CD, Olszewski BT, Heim TA, Madia BP. Evaluation of the psychometric properties of two forgiveness scales. Current psychology. 2001;20(3):260-77.

Zandipour T, Azadi S, Nahidpour F. A study on the relationship between forgiveness, personality traits, mental health in couples who referred to hygiene centers of Gachsaran. Journal of Women and Society. 2011;2(6):1-18. (Full Text in Persian)

Meneses CW, Greenberg LS. The construction of a model of the process of couples’ forgiveness in emotion‐focused therapy for couples. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 2011;37(4):491-502.

Marsh R, Dallos R. Roman Catholic couples: Wrath and religion. Family Process. 2001;40(3):343-60.

Butler MH, Stout JA, Gardner BC. Prayer as a conflict resolution ritual: Clinical implications of religious couples' report of relationship softening, healing perspective, and change responsibility. 2002;30(1):19-37.

Sullivan KT. Understanding the Relationship between Religiosity and Marriage: An Investigation of the Immediate and Longitudinal Effects of Religiosity on Newlywed Couples. Journal of Family Psychology. 2001;15(4):610-26.

Mahoney A, Pargament KI, Murray-Swank A, Murray-Swank N. Religion and the sanctification of family relationships. Review of religious research. 2003:220-36.

Nikooei M, Seif S. Barresi-ye Rabeteh-ye Dindari ba Rezayat-e Zanashooei. Journal of Counseling Research. 2005;13(4):61-79. (Full Text in Persian)

Mahoney A, Pargament KI, Jewell T, Swank AB, Scott E, Emery E, et al. Marriage and the spiritual realm: The role of proximal and distal religious constructs in marital functioning. Journal of family psychology. 1999;13(3):321-38.

Original Article