Anal Sphincter: A Comprehensive Review

Negar Abbasi Aval--- Biomaterials research group, Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran,
Saeid Aslanabadi--- Division of Pediatric Surgery, Children’s Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz,
Mahshid Kharaziha--- Biomaterials research group, Department of Materials Engineering, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan, Iran,
Sina Zarrintan--- Department of General Surgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran,,
Farzad Ilkhchooyi--- Faculty of medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract


34

Anal incontinence is of potential clinical interest and significance. Comprehensive knowledge of anal clinical anatomy and function is essential to understand pathophysiological processes that lead to sphincter malfunction. We review anatomy, physiology and surgical pathology of anal sphincter. We also discuss surgical procedures which may be used for patients with fecal incontinence.

 


Keywords


anus; sphincter; incontinence

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/irjps.v3i1.17120

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