Homocystinuria: Diagnosis and Neuroimaging Findings - of Iranian Pediatric patients

Parvaneh KARIMZADEH, Narjes JAFARI*, Mohammad Reza ALAI, Sayena JABBEHDARI, Habibeh NEJAD BIGLARI

Abstract


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How to Cite This Article: Karimzadeh P, Jafari N, Alai MR, Jabbehdari S, Ahmad Abadi F, NejadBiglari H. Homocystinuria: Diagnosis and Neuroimaging Findings - of Iranian Pediatric Patients. Iran J Child Neurol. 2015 Winter;9(1):94-98.

Abstract
Objective
Homocystinuria is a neurometabolic diseases characterized by symptoms include Neurodevelopmental delay, lens dislocation, long limbs and thrombosis.

Materials & Methods
The patients who were diagnosed as homocystinuria marfaniod habits, seizure in the Neurology Department of Mofid Children’s Hospital in Tehran, Iran between 2004 and 2014 were included in our study. The disorder was confirmed by clinical andneuroimaging findings along withneurometabolic and genetic assessment fromreference laboratory in Germany. We assessed age, gender, past medical history, developmental status, clinical manifestations, and neuroimaging
findings of 20 patients with homocystinuria.

Results
A total of 75% of patients were offspring from consanguineous marriages. A total of 95% of patients had a history of developmental delay and 40% had developmental regression. A total of 75% had seizures from these 45% showed refractory seizures. Seizures among 13 patients werecontrolled with suitable homocystinuria treatment. The patients with homocystinuriawere followed for approximately 10 years and the follow-ups showed that the patients with an early diagnosis and treatment had more favorable clinical responses for growth index,
controlled refractory seizures, neurodevelopmental status, and neuroimaging findings. Neuroimaging findings include brain atrophy and/or white matter involvement.

Conclusion
According to the results of this study, we suggest that early assessment and detectionplayan important role in the prevention of disease progression and clinical signs. Homocystinuria in patients with a positive family history, developmental delays, or regression, refractory, or recurrent seizures should take precedence over other causes.

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Keywords


Homocystinuria; Neurometabolic disorder; Early detection

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/ijcn.v9i1.7994

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