The POLG Polyglutamine Tract Variants in Iranian Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

Mehri KHATAMI, Mohammad Mehdi HEIDARI, Reza MANSOURI, Fatemeh MOUSAVI



How to Cite This Article: Khatami M, Heidari MM, Mansouri R, Mousavi F. The POLG Polyglutamine Tract Variants in Iranian Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. Iran J Child Neurol. 2015 Winter; 9(1):37-41.

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a common disease of the central nervous system. The interaction between inflammatory and neurodegenerative processes typically results in irregular neurological disturbances followed by progressive disability.
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in neurodegenerative disorders. 
The DNA polymerase-gamma (POLG) gene, which encodes the catalytic subunit of enzyme responsible for directing mtDNA replication, contains a poly glutamine tract (poly-Q) in the N-terminal, encoded by a CAG sequence in exon 2.

Materials & Methods
We analyzed the POLG trinucleotide repeats in 40 Iranian patients with MS (27 females and 13 males with an age range of 18–55); and 47 healthy age, gender, and ethnic matched controls were chosen by PCR-SSCP analysis. 

Our results indicated that the most common allele in patients had 10 consecutive CAG repeats (10Q). Other alleles of 11and 12 trinucleotide repeats were detected.
We did not find any difference between the CAG repeat length distribution in controls and MS patients.

No correlation was observed in the POLG gene CAG repeat with pathogenesis of MS, but it looks that other point mutations in POLG gene may have an important role in the disease’s pathogenesis and produced more significant results.


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Multiple sclerosis; POLG gene; CAG repeats; Trinucleotide expansion

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