Investigating the Effect of Reciting the Quran and Listening to it on the Dimensions of Spiritual Well-Being of Payame Noor University Students

Keywords: Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Pretest, Posttest, Reciting the Quran, Spiritual well-being, Listening to Quran recitation

Abstract

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Background and Objective: Despite the fact that the mission statement of Islam has been defined as achievement of happiness in this world and the afterlife, humans have come to understand the significance of spiritual well-being in recent years. In many verses, the Quran is introduced as “healing”. As a pioneer study in this area, the current research aimed to examine how the use of the Quran may enhance spiritual well-being among university students. The ultimate goal was to propose some strategies to improve spiritual well-being.

Method: This study adopted a pretest-posttest design and utilized the Spiritual Well-Being Scale developed by Paloutzian and Ellison for data collection. The participants (N=63) were divided into two groups. To provide intervention to improve spiritual well-being, the members of the first group were advised to recite the Quran twice a week when they were sad, while the members of the second group were invited to listen to the Quran recitation twice a week, each time for ten minutes, when they felt down. The time interval between the pretest and posttest was three months. Levene test, chi-square, paired-samples t-test, analysis of covariance, and one-way analysis of variance were employed for data analysis. All ethical issues were observed in this study and the researchers declared no conflict of interests.

Results: Based on the results of the pretest, the mean scores of spiritual well-being of participants in the recitation and listening groups were 87.88±18.12 and 90.74±14.48 respectively. The same mean scores in the posttest rose to 94.09±13.719 and 95.30±12.135 in the same order. The university students therefore enjoyed a moderate level of well-being. Furthermore, age, gender, major, marital status, illness, and employment status were significantly associated with spiritual health (p<0.001). Finally, it was discovered that Quran recitation, in which a pretest-posttest mean score difference of 6.21 was recorded, was found to be a more effective intervention than listening (R=0.959, p<0.001).

Conclusion: Reciting the Quran and listening to it both improve spiritual health among university students. The results of paired-samples t-test indicated a significance rise in the participants’ spiritual well-being mean score from the pretest to the posttest (p<0.001). According to the results of analysis of covariance, however, no significant difference was detected between recitation of and listening to the Quran in terms of their effect on well-being (f=0.931 and p=0.338). Thus, it can be argued that reciting the Quran and listening to it both can enhance the spiritual well-being score, with the former registering a more profound effect.For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Please cite this article as: Olyanasab SZ, Shahandeh A.Investigating the Effect of Reciting the Quran and Listening to it on the Dimensions of Spiritual Well-Being of Payame Noor University Students. J Res Relig Health. 2019; 4(5): 103- 117.

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Published
2019-01-02
Section
Original Article