Investigating the Effect of Reciting the Quran and Listening to it on the Dimensions of Spiritual Well-Being of Payame Noor University Students

Keywords: Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Pretest, Posttest, Reciting the Quran, Spiritual well-being, Listening to Quran recitation


For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Background and Objective: Despite the fact that the mission statement of Islam has been defined as achievement of happiness in this world and the afterlife, humans have come to understand the significance of spiritual well-being in recent years. In many verses, the Quran is introduced as “healing”. As a pioneer study in this area, the current research aimed to examine how the use of the Quran may enhance spiritual well-being among university students. The ultimate goal was to propose some strategies to improve spiritual well-being.

Method: This study adopted a pretest-posttest design and utilized the Spiritual Well-Being Scale developed by Paloutzian and Ellison for data collection. The participants (N=63) were divided into two groups. To provide intervention to improve spiritual well-being, the members of the first group were advised to recite the Quran twice a week when they were sad, while the members of the second group were invited to listen to the Quran recitation twice a week, each time for ten minutes, when they felt down. The time interval between the pretest and posttest was three months. Levene test, chi-square, paired-samples t-test, analysis of covariance, and one-way analysis of variance were employed for data analysis. All ethical issues were observed in this study and the researchers declared no conflict of interests.

Results: Based on the results of the pretest, the mean scores of spiritual well-being of participants in the recitation and listening groups were 87.88±18.12 and 90.74±14.48 respectively. The same mean scores in the posttest rose to 94.09±13.719 and 95.30±12.135 in the same order. The university students therefore enjoyed a moderate level of well-being. Furthermore, age, gender, major, marital status, illness, and employment status were significantly associated with spiritual health (p<0.001). Finally, it was discovered that Quran recitation, in which a pretest-posttest mean score difference of 6.21 was recorded, was found to be a more effective intervention than listening (R=0.959, p<0.001).

Conclusion: Reciting the Quran and listening to it both improve spiritual health among university students. The results of paired-samples t-test indicated a significance rise in the participants’ spiritual well-being mean score from the pretest to the posttest (p<0.001). According to the results of analysis of covariance, however, no significant difference was detected between recitation of and listening to the Quran in terms of their effect on well-being (f=0.931 and p=0.338). Thus, it can be argued that reciting the Quran and listening to it both can enhance the spiritual well-being score, with the former registering a more profound effect.For downloading the full-text of this article please click here.

Please cite this article as: Olyanasab SZ, Shahandeh A.Investigating the Effect of Reciting the Quran and Listening to it on the Dimensions of Spiritual Well-Being of Payame Noor University Students. J Res Relig Health. 2019; 4(5): 103- 117.


Bolhari J, Alivand HD, Mirzaee M. Spiritual approach in medical education and humanities. Medical Ethics Journal. 2016;6(20):101-25 .(Full Text in Persian)

Mueller PS, Plevak DJ, Rummans TA, editors. Religious involvement, spirituality, and medicine: implications for clinical practice. Mayo clinic proceedings; 2001: Elsevier.

Sadock BJ, Sadock VA. Kaplan and Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: Behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2011.

Mauk KL, Schmidt NA. Spiritual care in nursing practice: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins2004.

O'Brien ME. A nurse's handbook of spiritual care: standing on holy ground: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2004.

Fisher J, Brumley DJAJoAN, The. Nurses' and carers' spiritual wellbeing in the workplace. 2008;25.49:(4)

Como JMJHnp. Spiritual practice: a literature review related to spiritual health and health outcomes. 2007;21(5):224-36.

Sinclair S, Pereira J, Raffin SJJopm. A thematic review of the spirituality literature within palliative care. 2006;9(2(:464-79.

Unterrainer H-F, Ladenhauf KH, Moazedi M, Wallner-Liebmann S, Fink AJP, Differences I. Dimensions of religious/spiritual well-being and their relation to personality and psychological well-being. 2010;49(3):192-7.

Smith J, McSherry WJJoan. Spirituality and child development: a concept analysis. 2004;45(3):307-15.

Abbasi M. Spiritual health from the point of view of Islam. Tehran: Shahid Beheshti Medical Sciences; 2015. (Full Text in Persian)

Vader J-P. Spiritual health: the next frontier. Oxford University Press; 2006.

Rissel CJNSWphb. The Bangkok Charter for Health Promotion in a Globalized World: what is it all about? 2005;16(10):156-8.

Makarem Shirazi N. Tafsir Nemoone. Qom: Dar al-kotob al-Eslamiyye; 1994. (Full Text in Persian)

Tabaresi F. Majmaa al-Bbayan. Mashhad: Astan Qods; 2010. (Full Text in Persian)

Ghoreishi S. Ghamos Quran. Tehran: Dar al-kotob al-Eslam; 1982. (Full Text in Persian)

Tahmasebi M. Relationship of religious attitude with rate of effect Quran sound on the labor pain of primipar women refer to the 17 shahrivar hospital. Mashhad: faculty of nursing and midwifery; 1998. (Full Text in Persian)

Frouohari M, Honarvaran R, Masoomei R, Robati M, Hashemzadeh I, Setayesh Y. Effects of Auditory Holy Quran on Labor pain. Quran and Medicine. 2011;1(2):18-22. (Full Text in Persian)

Sharifi M, Salari S. Comparison of the Effect of Arabic Audit of Holy Quran and Arabic Sound with

Persian Meanings on Reducing Anxiety and Establishment of Significant Signs of Patients Before Anesthetizing Injection. Quran and Medicine. 2011;1:11-5. (Full Text in Persian)

Sadeghi H. Voice of Quran and health: A review of performed studies in Iran. Quran and Medicine. 2011;1:1. (Full Text in Persian)

Motagi M, Esmaiili R, Rohani Z. Effect of Quranic Voice on Athletes' Anxiety. Quran and Medicine. 2011;1:1-4. (Full Text in Persian)

Kazemi M, Ansari A, Allah Tavakoli M, Karimi S. The effect of the recitation of holy Quran on mental health in nursing students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. 2004;3(1):52-7. (Full Text in Persian)

Mirghafourvand M, Mohammad-Alizadeh Charandabi S, Alizadeh Sharajabad F. Spiritual well-being and its predictors among Iranian adolescent girls, 2014–2015. International Journal of Children's Spirituality. 2016;21(2):104-15. (Full Text in Persian)

Kohestani H, Baghcheghi N, Hekmatpou DJJoQRiHS. Exploring the Experiences of the Effect of Holy Quran Reading on Test Anxiety among Nursing Students: A Qualitative Study. 2014;2(4):379-92. (Full Text in Persian)

Ahmadifaraz M, Reisi Dehkordi N, Mosavizadeh R, Ghaderi S. The Effect of Group Spiritual Intervention Based on the Quran and Prayer on Spiritual Health of Patients with Cancer. Journal of Isfahan Medical School. 2015;32(320):2454-63. (Full Text in Persian)

Momeni T, Musarezaie A, Moeini M, Naji Esfahani H. The effect of spiritual care program on ischemic heart disease patients, anxiety, hospitalized in CCU: a clinical trial. Journal of Research in Behavioural Sciences. 2013;6:554-64. (Full Text in Persian)

ZafarianMoghaddam E, BehnamVashani HR, Reihani T, NamaziZadegan SJJoTHUoMS. The Effect of Spiritual education on depression, anxiety and stress of caregivers of children with leukemia. 2016;4(1):1-7. (Full Text in Persian)

MEMARI A, DALVANDI A, MOHAMMADI SF, FALLAHI KM, BIGLARIAN A. Impact of spiritual care on spiritual health of elderly residents of Kahrizak nursing home. 2016. (Full Text in Persian)

Etemadi A, Chengaee M. Effectiveness of religious spiritual intervention on the quality of life of student female teachers. Motaleaat amozeshgahi vi daneshgahi. 2013;2(6):115-39. (Full Text in Persian)

Hoseyni SE, Karimr S, Naziri Q, Shojaee SS. Effectiveness of Relaxed Music on the Spirituality of Girls' Girls in Shiraz. Quarterly Journal of Research Zan Va Jamehe. 2015;7(1):67-80. (Full Text in Persian)

Reza Soltani P, Ghanbari Khanghah A, Moridi M. Comparison of health related quality of life in dormitory and non-dormitory students. Journal of Holistic Nursing And Midwifery. 2015;24(4):38-45. (Full Text in Persian)

Soltani R, Kafee S, Salehi I, Karashki H, Rezaee S. Survey the quality of life in Guilan university students. Journal of Guilan University of Medical Sciences. 2010;19(75):25-35. (Full Text in Persian)

Rahimi N, Nouhi E, Nakhaee N. Spiritual health among nursing and midwifery students at kerman university of medical sciences. Journal of hayat. 2014;19(4):74-81. (Full Text in Persian)

TAVAN H, Taghinejad H, Sayehmiri K, Yary Y, khalafzadeh A, Fathizadeh H. Spiritual Health of Nursing Students. 3. 2015;2(1):26-32. (Full Text in Persian)

Farahaninia M, Abbasi M, Givari A, Haghani HJIJoN. Nursing students’ spiritual well-being and their perspectives towards spirituality and spiritual care perspectives. 2006;18(44):7-14. (Full Text in Persian)

Khorami-Markani A, Yaghmaie F, Khodayarifard M, Alavimajd H. Oncology Nurses Spiritual Health Experience: A Qualitative Content Analysis. Basic & Clinical Cancer Research. 2015;7(1):24-34. (Full Text in Persian)

Kadivar M, Seyedfatemi N. Exploring the relationship between spiritual well being and stress and coping strategies in the mothers of infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care units. Medical Daneshvar hahed University, Tehran, Iran. 2015;118:67-77. (Full Text in Persian)

Riley BB, Perna R, Tate DG, Forchheimer M, Anderson C, Luera G. Types of spiritual well-being among persons with chronic illness: Their relation to various forms of quality of life. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 1998;79(3):258-64.

The holy Quran.Al-Mozamel.Verse 4.Translated by:Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ene Abi Taleb(Ya); 2010.

The holy Quran.Al-Mozamel.Verse 20.Translated by:Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ene Abi Taleb(Ya); 2010.

The holy Quran.Al-Asra.Verse 82.Translated by:Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ene Abi Taleb(Ya); 2010.

The holy Quran.Al-Emran.Verse 18.Translated by:Ayatollah Al-ozma Naser Makarem Shirazi. Qom: Imam Ali Ene Abi Taleb(Ya); 2010.

Bigdeli E, Karimzadeh S. The effect of factors causing stress on mental health nurses in Semnan.

KOOMESH Semnan University Medical Sciences Journal. 2006;8 (2):21-6.

Hsiao Y-C, Chiang H-Y, Chien L-Y. An exploration of the status of spiritual health among nursing students in Taiwan. Nurse education today. 2010;30(5):386-92.

Rezaei MA, Seyedfatemi N, Hosseini FA. Spiritual Well-being in Cancer Patients who Undergo Chemotherapy. Hayat. 2008 Dec 1;14. (Full Text in Persian)

Siddall PJ, McIndoe L, Austin P, Wrigley PJ. The impact of pain on spiritual well-being in people with a spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2017 Jan;55(1):105.

Original Article