Examining the status of spiritual health among students at the autonomous campus of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2016
Background and Objective: Spiritual well-being is regarded both as one of the major dimensions of health among human beings and a prominent approach to improving public health. So, given the significance of this aspect of health, the present study aimed to Examining the status of spiritual health among students at the autonomous campus of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2016.
Method: In this descriptive and analytical study, the statistical population comprised 346 students at the autonomous campus, Dentistry and Pharmaceuticals, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2016, and all of them were selected by census method in the study. For data collection, the 20-item spiritual well-being scale by Paloutzian & Ellison (1982) was utilized. To analyze data, the t-test and ANOVA were employed. All ethical issues were observed. Moreover, the authors did not report conflict of interest.
Results: The results of the present study revealed that the spiritual well-being of students was average (71.86±4.84), and of all demographic variables under study, only the variable of gender was correlated with the mean score of spiritual well-being. Furthermore, the students’ scores of religious well-being measured higher than that of their existential well-being.
Conclusion: According to the dominant religious culture in Iranian society, expected influences of religious as a compatibility source is normal. Therefore, it is necessary for the protection of young people pay attention to their spiritual dimension, to witness the impact of such care and create a sense of peace and healing in patients.
Hsiao Y-C, Chiang H-Y, Chien L-Y. An exploration of the status of spiritual health among nursing students inTaiwan. Nurse education today. 2010; 30(5): 386-92.
Esfahani M. Spirtual health and comments. Quarterly Journal of Medical Ethics. 2010; 14(4): 41-9.
WHO. International Statiscial Classification of Diseases and Health Related Problems ICD-2.10 nd Edition, Geneva, Switzerland. 2005. (Full Text in Persian(
Cooper KL, Chang E, Sheehan A, Johnson A. The impact of spiritual care education upon preparing undergraduate nursing students to provide spiritual care. Nurse education today. 2013; 33(9): 1057-61.
O'Shea ER, Wallace M, Griffin MQ, Fitzpatrick JJ. The effect of an educational session on Pediatric nurses' perspectives toward providing spiritual care. Journal of pediatric nursing. 2011; 26(1): 34- 43.
Su JA, Weng HH, Tsang HY, Wu JL. Mental health and quality of life among doctors, nurses and other hospitals staff. Stress and Health. 2009; 25(5): 423-30.
Nomani H, Ziapour A, Zangeneh A. A Study of the Mental Health and Spiritual Health among the Administrative Staff of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2016. Global Journal of Health Science. 20; 9(5): 180- 188.
Allahbakhshian M, Jaffarpour M, Parvizy S, Haghani H. A Survey on relationship between spiritual wellbeing and quality of life in multiple sclerosis patients. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. 2010; 12(3): 29- 33. (Full Text in Persian(
Rafii G. The role of prayer on physical health. Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal. 2011; 5(3): 66- 73. (Full Text in Persian(
Omidvari S. Spiritual health, its nature and the instruments used. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology. 2010; 16(3): 274- 9. (Full Text in Persian(
Rahmati Najarkolaei F, Haghighi M, Babaei Heydarabadi A, Ansarian A, M M. Investigation of spiritual healthin staff of one Medical Sciences University in Tehran. Reaserch on Religion & Health. 2015; 1(1): 13- 20. (Full Text in Persian(
Moghadam SR, Chegeni ME, Hafez AA. Explore the relationship among spiritual health, marital satisfaction, and demographic characteristics (age, duration of marriage, duration of employment) in Mafi hospital nurses of Susa city in 2015. Journal of Reaserch on Religion & Health. 2015; 1(4): 38- 44. (Full Text in Persian(
Rahimi N, Nouhi E, Nakhaee N. Spiritual health among nursing and midwifery students at kerman university of medical sciences. Hayat. 2014; 19(4): 74-81. (Full Text in Persian)
McCauley J, Tarpley MJ, Haaz S, Bartlett SJ. Daily spiritual experiences of older adults with and without arthritis and the relationship to health outcomes. Arthritis Care & Research. 2008; 59(1): 122- 8.
Hsiao YC, Chiang HY, Chien LY. An exploration of the status of spiritual health among nursing students in Taiwan. Nurse Educ Today. 2010; 30(5): 386- 92.
Mitchell M, Jenny H. Teaching spirituality to student midwives: A creative approach. 2007; 7(6): 416- 26.
Marzban S, Babaei Heydarabadi A, Abdoljabari M, Rahimi E, Vejdani M, Shokri M. Spiritual health status in students of Shahid Beheshti University and Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Journal of Reaserch on Religion & Health. 2016; 2(4): 14- 23. (Full Text in Persian)
Paloutzian RF, Ellison CW. Loneliness, spiritual well-being and the quality of life In Peplau LA & Perlman D.(Eds.), Loneliness: A sourcebook of current theory, research and therapy (pp. 224– 237). New York, NY: Wiley; 1982.
O’Connor M, Guilfoyle A, Breen L, Mukhardt F, Fisher C. Relationships between quality of life, spiritual well-being, and psychological adjustment styles for people living with leukaemia: An exploratory study. Mental health, religion and culture. 2007; 10(6): 631- 47.
Rayburn CA. Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality. HAWORTH PRESS INC 10 ALICE ST, BINGHAMTON, NY 13904-1580 USA; 2006.
Alahbakhshian M, Jafarpour - Alavi M, Parvizi S, Haghani H. A Survey on relationship between spiritual wellbeing and quality of life in multiple sclerosis patients. Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Science. 2010; 12(3): 29- 33. (Full Text in Persian(
Rezaee N, Behbahany N, Yarandy A, Hosseine F. Correlation between occupational stress and social support among nurses. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2006; 19(46): 71- 8. (Full Text in Persian)
Chavoshian SA, Moeini B, Bashirian S, Feradmal J. The Role of Spiritual Health and Social Support in Predicting Nurses’ Quality of Life. Journal of Education And Community Health. 2015; 2(1): 19- 28.
Safayi Rad I, Karimi L, Shomoossi N, Ahmadi Tahour M. The relationship between spiritual well-being and mental health of university students. Quarterly Journal of sabzevar university of Medical Sciences. 2010; 17(4): 274- 80. (Full Text in Persian)
Assarroudi A, Jalilvand M, Oudi D, Akaberi A. The relationship between spiritual well-being and life satisfaction in the nursing staff of Mashhad Hasheminezhad Hospital (2011). Modern Care Journal. 2012; 9(2): 156- 62. (Full Text in Persian)
Jafari E, Dehshiri GR, Eskandari H, Najafi M, Heshmati R, Hoseinifar J. Spiritual well-being and mental health in university students. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2010; 5: 1477- 81. (Full Text in Persion)
Moghadam SRM, Chegeni ME, Hafez AA. Explore the relationship among spiritual health, marital satisfaction, and demographic characteristics (age, duration of marriage, duration of employment) in Mafi hospital nurses of Susa city in 1394. Journal of Reaserch on Religion & Health. 2015; 1(4): 38- 44. (Full Text in Persian)
Fernsler JI, Klemm P, Miller MA. Spiritual well-being and demands of illness in people with colorectal cancer. Cancer Nursing. 1999; 22(2): 134- 40.
Dastgheib Z, Gharlipour Z, Ghobadi Dashdebi K, Hoseini F, Vafaee R. Association of between mental health and spiritual health among students in Shiraz University. Journal of Nursing and Midwifery. 2014; 24(84): 53- 9. (Full Text in Persian)
Yseminejad P, Golmohammadian M, Yosefi N. Study the relationship of spiritual health and job Involvement in academic staff. Quarterly journal of career & organizational counseling. 2011; 3(8): 110-25. (Full Text in Persian)
Tavan H, Taghinejad H, Sayehmiri K, Yary Y, Fathizadeh H, Saraby A, et al. Spiritual Health of Nursing Students. Islam And Health Journal. 2015; 2(1): 26- 32. (Full Text in Persian)
Farahaninia M, Abbasi M, Givari A, Haghani H. Nursing students’ spiritual well-being and their perspectives towards spirituality and spiritual care perspectives. Iran Journal of Nursing. 2006; 18(44): 7-14. (Full Text in Persian)
Mostafazadeh F, Asadzadeh F. Spiritual health of midwifery students. Iranian Journal of Health & Care. 2012; 14(1,2): 55- 60. (Full Text in Persian)
Tabibi M, Ahmari Tehran H, SoltaniArabshahi K, Heidari S, Abdi Z, Safaeipour R. The Association between Spiritual Health and Academic Achievement in Medical Students of Qom University of Medical Sciences, 2011. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2013; 7(1): 72- 8. (Full Text in Persian)
Levin JS, Taylor RJ, Chatters LM. Race and gender differences in religiosity among older adults: Findings from four national surveys. Journal of Gerontology. 1994; 49(3): S137- S45.
Under Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 20, 2003), cience-research Journal of Pizhūhish dar dīn va salāmat are fully compliant with open access mandates, by publishing its articles under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). Authors retain copyright of their work and can deposit their publication in any repository. This means that articles can be freely reused by the author and others as long as the article is properly cited. Published articles in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Journals can be deposited immediately into an online repository without any cost. This articles can be, printed, archived in a collection, included in course-packs, and distributed without restrictions. Please read the full Creative Commons License for further information.