The Effectiveness of the Spiritual Treatment Groupon Improving the Quality of Life and Mental Health in Women with Breast Cancer
Background and Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explain Effectiveness of spiritual therapy based on group on increase mental health and quality of life in Women with breast cancer.
Materials & Methods: This study is a clinical trial, in a per – post design. 24 patients (women with breast cancer) were randomly selected, and located in the experimental group (n =12) and control group (n =12). Participants in the experimental group (each 90 minutes) received spiritual therapy for 12 sessions. Collection tool data in this study was Symptom Chek List – 90 – Revised (SCL- 90 – R) and Quality of life questionnaire (QLQ). Data were analyzed by using SPSS software and descriptive statistics methods (mean, standard deviation, variance) and inferential statistics (analysis of covariance, analysis of variance, Z, F Levin, KS).In this study, all relevant ethical issues were considered.
Results: The findings of this study showed that spiritual therapy based on group has considerable influence on increase mental health and quality of life in women with breast cancer. In other words, this intervention could improve the quality of life and mental health in the experimental group
Conclusion:The result of this study showed that spiritual therapy, is known effective source for dealing with physical and psychological response, and This intervention can be used in Common medical treatments to improve the quality of life and mental health in women with breast cancer.
Keywords: Breast cancer, Mental health, Quality of life, Spiritual therapy based on group
Please cite this article as: Bahreinian A, Radmehr H, Mohammadi H,BavadiB, Mousavi M. The Effectiveness of the Spiritual Treatment Groupon Improving the Quality of Life and Mental Health in Women with Breast Cancer. J Res Relig Health. 2017; 3 (1): 64- 78.
Akbari A, Razzaghi Z, Homaee F, Khayamzadeh M, Movahedi M, Akbari ME. Parity and breastfeeding are preventive measures against breast cancer in Iranian women. Breast Cancer. 2011; 18(1): 51-5.
Fallah R, Golzari M, Dastani M, Akbari M. Integrating spirituality into a group psychotherapy program for women surviving from breast cancer. Iranian journal of cancer prevention. 2011; 4(3): 141-8. (Full Text in Persian)
Liao M-N, Chen S-C, Lin Y-C, Chen M-F, Wang C-H, Jane S-W. Education and psychological support meet the supportive care needs of Taiwanese women three months after surgery for newly diagnosed breast cancer: A non-randomised quasi-experimental study. International journal of nursing studies. 2014; 51(3): 390-9.
Burgess C, Cornelius V, Love S, Graham J, Richards M, Ramirez A. Depression and anxiety in women with early breast cancer: five year observational cohort study. Bmj. 2005; 330(7493): 702-5.
Lueboonthavatchai P. Prevalence and psychosocial factors of anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand= Chotmaihet thangphaet. 2007; 90(10): 2164-74.
Nikbakhsh N, Moudi S, Abbasian S, Khafri S. Prevalence of depression and anxiety among cancer patients. Caspian J Intern Med. 2014; 5(3): 167-70.
Wang F, Liu J, Liu L, Wang F, Ma Z, Gao D, et al. The status and correlates of depression and anxiety among breast-cancer survivors in Eastern China: a on the indicators of mental health in Iranian students:population-based, cross-sectional case–control study. BMC public health. 2014; 14(1): 1.
Mojtabaie M, Gholamhosseini S. Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) to reduce the symptoms of anxiety in women with breast cancer. J Soc Issues Humanit. 2014; 4(2): 522-7.
Akbari ME, Asadi Lari M, Akbari A, Mousavi R, Mousavi M, editors. Spiritual care, neglected aspects of health in cancer management. Palliative medicine in the 21st century Congress; 2010.
Hojjati H, Motlagh M, Nuri F, Sharifnia H, Mohammadnejad E, Heydari B. Relationship between different dimensions of prayer and spiritual health in hemodialysis patients. Iranian Journal of Critical Care Nursing 2010; 2(4): 149-52.
Abdollahzadeh F, Sadat S, Rahmani A, Asvadi Kermani I. Quality of life in women with breast cancer referred to Hematology and Oncology Research Cente. Journal of Caring Sciences. 2012; 1(2): 109-14. (Full Text in Persian)
Ross L, Boesen E, Dalton S, Johansen C. Mind and cancer: does psychosocial intervention improve survival and psychological well-being? European journal of cancer. 2002; 38(11): 1447-57.
Kangas M, Henry JL, Bryant RA. Posttraumatic stress disorder following cancer: A conceptual and empirical review. Clinical psychology review. 2002; 22(4): 499-524.
Kissane DW, Bloch S, Smith GC, Miach P, Clarke DM, Ikin J, et al. Cognitive‐existential group psychotherapy for women with primary breast cancer: a randomised controlled trial. Psycho‐Oncology. 2003; 12(6): 532-46.
Haghighi M, Rahmati-Najarkolaei F, Ansarian A. Correlation between Spiritual Wellbeing and Religious Orientation among Staffs of one Military Medical University. Journal of Health Policy and Sustainable Health. 2015; 1(4): 137-40.
Kernan WD, Lepore SJ. Searching for and making meaning after breast cancer: Prevalence, patterns, and negative affect. Social Science & Medicine. 2009;
(6): 1176- 82.
Charkhabi M, Mortazavi A, Alimohammadi S, Hayati D. The effect of spiritual intelligence training An experimental study. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014; 159: 355-8.
EntesarFoumany GH, Danshdost M. The Relationship of Spiritual Intelligence with Mental Health and Organizational Commitment among Nurses in Mashhad Hospitals. Journal of Educational and Management Studies. 2014; 3(4): 36-9. (Full Text in Persian)
Kashdan TB, Morina N, Priebe S. Post-traumatic stress disorder, social anxiety disorder, and depression in survivors of the Kosovo War: Experiential avoidance as a contributor to distress and quality of life. Journal of anxiety disorders. 2009; 23(2): 185-96.
Sadri M, Kajbaf MR, Ghobari Bonab B, 38).90-109 The role of faith (trust in God) on mental health. Journal of Mental Health News. 2005; 29 (37-38):90-109. (Full Text in Persian)
Hamilton JB, Powe BD, Pollard III AB, Lee KJ, Felton AM. Spirituality among African American cancer survivors: Having a personal relationship with God. Cancer nursing. 2007; 30(4): 309- 16.
Amirsardari L, Azari S, Kooraneh AE. The relationship between religious orientation, and gender with a cognitive distortion. Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. 2014; 8(3): 84-9.
Kaveh MH, Shojaeezadeh D, Shahmohammadi D, Eftekhar Ardebili H, Rahimi A, Bolhari J. Teachers' role in elementary school mental health: Results of an interventional study. Journal of Payesh. 2003; 2(2): 95-103. (Full Text in Persian)
Ghobari-Bonab B, Motevalli Pour A, Hakimi Rad E, Habibi-Asgar-Abad M. Relationship between anxiety and depression with spirituality in Tehran University Students. Journal of Applied Psychology. 2009; 3(10): 110-23. (Full Text in Persian)
Richards P, Bergin AE. Casebook for a spiritual strategy in counseling and psychotherapy: American Psychological Association; 2004.
Sodestrom KE, Martinson IM, editors. Patients' spiritual coping strategies: a study of nurse and patient perspectives. Oncology Nursing Forum; 1987.
Abasi A, Kamkar A, Bageri G, Anbari A. The survey of mental health students in the Yasoj university of medical science. Teb and Tazkie Journal. 1999; 43: 34-7 .(Full Text in Persian)
Pargament KI, Echemendia RJ, Johnson S, Cook P, McGath C, Mayers J, et al. The conservative church: Psychological advantages avd disadvantages. Americian Journal of Community Psychology. 1986; 30 (38-42).
Mokarami H, Kakooei H, Dehdashti A, Jahani Y, Ebrahimi H. Comparison of general health status and sleeping quality of shift workers in a car industry workshop 2008. Behbood Journal. 2010; 14(3): 237-43. (Full Text in Persian)
Montazeri A, Goshtasebi A, Vahdaninia M, Gandek B. The Short Form Health Survey (SF-36): translation and validation study of the Iranian version. Quality of life research. 2005; 14(3): 875-82.
Hardt J, Gerbershagen HU, Franke P. The symptom check‐list, SCL‐90‐R: its use and characteristics in chronic pain patients. European Journal of Pain. 2000; 4(2): 137-48.
Homan A. Standardization of GHQ health questioner on undergraduate students of Tarbiat moalem university. Tehran, Iran: University of Tehran; 1998.
Moalemi S, Bakhshani NM, Raghibi M. Investigate the relationship between mental health, spiritual intelligence and dysfunctional thoughts on students of University Sistan & Balochestan. Journal of Mental Health 2011; 12(4): 702-9. (Full Text in Persian)
Sahebalzamani M, Farahani H, Abasi R, Talebi M. The relationship between spiritual intelligence with psychological well-being and purpose in life of nurses. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2013; 18(1): 38-41.
Nelson C, Jacobson CM, Weinberger MI, Bhaskaran V, Rosenfeld B, Breitbart W, et al. The role of spirituality in the relationship between religiosity and depression in prostate cancer patients. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 2009; 38(2): 105-14.
Kaplan JL, Porter RS. Information on medical care for women.Translated by Zolanvary M. Tehran: Meyar-e-elm; 2006.(Full Text in Persian)
Taleghani F, Yekta ZP, Nasrabadi AN. Coping with breast cancer in newly diagnosed Iranian women. Journal of Advanced nursing. 2006; 54(3): 265-72.
KarimAllahi M, Aqa Mohammadi M. The relationship between religious beliefs and depression among nursing students Ardabil of medical university. first international conference the role of religion in mental health; Tehran, Iran: Faculty of Medical Sciences of Tehran University; 2001. (Full Text in Persian)
Mousavi SM, Mohagheghi MA, Mousavi-Jerrahi A, Nahvijou A, Seddighi Z. Outcome of breast cancer in Iran: a study of Tehran Cancer Registry data. Asian Pac J cancer prev. 2008; 9 (2): 275-8.
Nairn RC, Merluzzi TV. The role of religious coping in adjustment to cancer. Psycho‐Oncology. 2003; 12(5): 428-41.
Al-Atiyyat NM, Naga BSB. Effects of Spirituality in Breast Cancer Survivors: Critique of Quantitative Research. From the Editor. 2014; 7(10): 1025.
Allport GW, Vernon PE, Lindzey GE. Study of values: A scale for measuring the dominant interests in personality: Houghton Mifflin; 1960.
Jafari N, Farajzadegan Z, Zamani A, Bahrami F, Emami H, Loghmani A. Spiritual well-being and quality of life in Iranian women with breast cancer undergoing radiation therapy. Supportive Care in Cancer. 2013; 21(5): 1219-25.
Bijari M. The effectiveness of group therapy based on hope therapy to increase of hope to life in Women with Breast Cancer in Tehran. Tehran,Iran: Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences. Allame Tabatabaie University; 2007. (Full Text in Persian)
Under Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 20, 2003), cience-research Journal of Pizhūhish dar dīn va salāmat are fully compliant with open access mandates, by publishing its articles under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0). Authors retain copyright of their work and can deposit their publication in any repository. This means that articles can be freely reused by the author and others as long as the article is properly cited. Published articles in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Journals can be deposited immediately into an online repository without any cost. This articles can be, printed, archived in a collection, included in course-packs, and distributed without restrictions. Please read the full Creative Commons License for further information.