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Searching the concept of spiritual well-being and the indices of healthy individuals in different religions and creeds

Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Marzieh Karamkhani, Masoumeh Shokri Khubestani, Mahdi Fani, Morteza Abdoljabbari
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Abstract

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Background and Objectives: In recent years, health is paid attention to base on different aspects of physical, mental, social and spiritual health. To recognize spiritual well-being, it is necessary to identify the indices of a healthy person.

Materials and Methods: The present systematic study is based on searching English and Persian databases, search engines, religious books of Avesta, the Bahagavad Gita, Gata, the Upanishads, the Bible, Torah, Quran and Islamic texts, hadiths, the narratives and texts of the creed of Buddha, Confucianism and Shintoism, using the keywords of health, human, spiritual well-being , spirituality, healthy individual, the characteristics of healthy individual, the traits of healthy individuals, the indices of a healthy person since January 1996 to December 2016.

Results: There are various definitions of spiritual well-being in different religions and creeds. By studying the texts, the primary indices of religions and creeds were derived. Then, they were reviewed over and over and the codes were compacted and 124 final indices were determined. Spiritual well-being is a range in which a man is moving; on the range, the more a person goes to greater indices, the more he will enjoy spiritual well-being and the more he goes to weaker indices, he will enjoy less spiritual well-being.

Conclusion: The indices of spiritual well-being are a set of cognitive behavior or emotions having internal and external aspects and they are related to the aspects of human life. According to the findings of the present study, it can be admitted that the indices of a healthy person in different religions and creeds include common and different aspects.

Keywords: Spiritual well-being, The index of a healthy individual, Religions, Creeds

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