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History and Guideline of Emergency Medicine Residency Discipline in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran; Review of 2014

Majid Shojaee, Hamid Kariman, Hamid Reza Hatamabadi, Anita Sabzghabaei, Ali Arhami Dolatabadi, Mostafa Alavi Moghadam, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Saeed Safari



Introduction: Since many years ago several problems have been felt in emergency departments (ED) of hospitals. In fact, none of physicians in the hospital have accepted the direct responsibility of patients’ management in the EDs and emergency wards of University centers have been managed by residents of various disciplines. Thus, the first line of therapy does not have guardian and several consultants with various specialists have been performed regarding patient’s management. The necessity of physician training was noticed for the first time in 1950 and after 24 years in 1974, the academic emergency medicine was established in United States of America (USA) in response to people expectations for overnight accessibility to specialized and quality medical cares. It was performed with foundation of the first period of resident’s training in emergency medicine discipline at University of Cincinnati, Ohio. At beginning, specialists of different fields such as internal medicine, surgery, anesthesia, orthopedics, and neurosurgery initiated the training of emergency medicine residents together which could be responsible to most of referees. Finally, with formal accepting the specialty board in 1978, this field has been officially identified as the 23th discipline in USA. Today the EDs of most hospitals in European and American countries has been managing by emergency medicine specialists which leads to improve the quality of education and treatment, significantly. Also in Iran the request of establishing this major has been presented in the secretariat of the council for graduate medical education for the first time in 1996. This request was approved and principles of its initiating recognized officially by the ministry of health. But, considering to lack of an appropriate infrastructure, it postponed until 2000 that again this discipline was missioned for initiating to the council for graduate medical education by the minister and its outcome was directly declared to him. Lastly, in ministry time of Dr. Farhadi in 2001 this major was initiated for the first time in Iran University of Medical Sciences. The present report was addressed to the education guideline of emergency medicine at Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences besides evaluating the formation history of emergency medicine discipline in Iran. 


Education, special; guideline adherence; emergency medicine; history


Iranian Society of Emergency Medicine. Available from: http://www.isem.ir.

Imam Hossein Hospital. Available from:


Shohadaye Tajrish Hospital. Available from: http://shmc.sbmu.ac.ir.

Loghman Hakim Hospital. Available from: http://lhmc.sbmu.ac.ir.

Education curriculum. Available from: http://cgme.behdasht.gov.ir/uploads/264_920_CurriculumTakh_Emergency.pdf.

Marx J, Hockberger R, Walls R. Rosen's Emergency Medicine-Concepts and Clinical Practice: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2013.

Tintinalli JE, Stapczynski JS, Ma OJ, Cline D, Cydulka R, Meckler G. Tintinalli's emergency medicine: a comprehensive study guide: McGraw-Hill New York; 2011.

Roberts JR, Hedges JR. Roberts and Hedges’ Clinical Procedures in Emergency Medicine: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2013.

Board Giudline. Available from: http://cgme.behdasht.gov.ir/uploads/264_780_Moghararat_Daneshname.htm.

Educational guidlines. Available from: http://amoozesh.sbmu.ac.ir/?siteid=11&siteid=11&pageid=9357.

Vice- Chancellor’s Office for Academic Affaires. Available from: http://en.sbmu.ac.ir/?siteid=256&siteid=10&pageid=13080.

Deputy of cultural and students' affairs. Available from: http://farhangi.behdasht.gov.ir.

Shahid Beheshti Emergency Medicine Group. Available from: http://www.beheshti-emergency.blogfa.com.


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