• Logo
  • SBMUJournals

Epidemiologic Study of Animal Bite in Rasht County, Guilan Province, Iran’s North, 2012

Behzad Zohrevandi, Payman Asadi, Vahid Monsef Kasmaie, Hosna Tajik, Masoome Sadat Fatemi
581

Views


Abstract

Introduction: Animal bite because of following killing infections such as Rabies is considered as one of the health problem issues in Iran and other countries. Although extensive progressions have been achieved in prevention and treatment areas, spread of animal bite still has an increasing rate and large amount of costs have been annually spent to provide vaccine and anti-bodies. This study was done with the aim of epidemiologic evaluation of animal bite in Rasht county, Guilan province, Iran, 2012. Methods: In a prospective cross- sectional study, the related data of whole animal bite cases were gathered in terms of demographic information (age, sex, and occupation), animal species, animal dependency (wild, domesticated, unknown), habitant, part of body bitten, season, and type of wound. Results: Totally 1014 cases (72.5%) of animal bite were reported. The mean age of studied population was 33.63±17.81 years. The most cases of animal bite were related to dog (79.2%), domestic animals (88.3%), village habitants (61.3%), hand (55.2%), spring season (29.8%), and superficial type of wound (64.3%). The patients bitten from the face area were younger than those injured in other sites (p=0.001). The bitten individuals by other animals were younger than people bitten by cat or dog (p=0.002). Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that the incidence of animal bite was higher in spring season, by domestic dogs, among men in rural area, and as superficial wounds in the 20-29 age group. The animal bite has a relation with gender, age, and habitant. Animal bite has been yet considered as one of the public health problems and training activities could have a significant role to control such cases.


Keywords

Bites and stings; rabies; epidemiology; animals, domestic; animals, wild

References

Jaindl M, Grunauer J, Platzer P, et al. The management of bite wounds in children--a retrospective analysis at a level I trauma centre. Injury. 2012;43(12):2117-21.

Rezaeinasab M, Rad I, Bahonar A, et al. The prevalence of rabies and animal bites during 1994 to 2003 in Kerman province, southeast of Iran. Iran J Vet Res. 2007;8:343-50.

Erfanian T M, Habibi F, Esmaili H. An Epidemiological study of animal bites in Mashhad city during 2006-2008 J Med Sci Islam Azad Uni Mashhad.4(4):209-14. [Persian].

Morgan M. Hospital management of animal and human bites. J Hosp Infect. 2005;61(1):1-10.

Kilonzo KG, Ghosh S, Temu SA, et al. Outcome of acute peritoneal dialysis in northern Tanzania. Periton Dialysis Int. 2012;32(3):261-6.

Kesting MR, Holzle F, Pox C, Thurmuller P, Wolff KD. Animal bite injuries to the head: 132 cases. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;44(3):235-9.

Mouro S, Vilela CL, Niza MM. Clinical and bacteriological assessment of dog-to-dog bite wounds. Vet Microbiol. 2010;144(1-2):127-32.

Rahmani F, Khojasteh SMB, Bakhtavr HE, Rahmani F, Nia KS, Faridaalaee G. Poisonous Spiders: Bites, Symptoms, and Treatment; an Educational Review. Emergency. 2014;2(2):54-8.

Manouchehrifar M, Khosravi S, Khavanin A, Derakhshandeh N. Report of 267 Cases of Scorpion Bite Referring to an Emergency Department during One Year. Emergency. 2013;1(1):24-6.

Mazaheri V, Holakoiee NK, Simani S, et al. Geographical distribution of animal bite and rabies in the Caspian Sea littoral provinces during 2002-2007. J Sch Public Health Institute Public Health Res. 2010;8(3):37-46. [Persian].

Ramezani A, Eslamifar A, Nazgoie F, Naseri M, Fallahian L. Animal bites in Tehran, Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2008;11(2):200-2.

Pourmarzi D, Razi M. Activities leading to dog bite incidence in Guilan province, north of Iran. Razi J Med Sci. 2014;20:9-17. [Persian].

Sacks JJ, Kresnow M, Houston B. Dog bites: how big a problem? Inj Prev. 1996;2(1):52-4.

Weiss HB, Friedman DI, Coben JH. Incidence of dog bite injuries treated in emergency departments. JAMA. 1998;279(1):51-3.

Bandow JH. Will breed-specific legislation reduce dog bites? Can Vet J. 1996;37(8):478-81.

Amiri M, Khosravi A. Animal Bites Epidemiology in shahrood city. Knowledge Health. 2009;4(3):41-3. [Persian].

Dadi poor M, Salahi R, Ghezel safi F. Epidemiological survey of animal bites in Kalaleh district, North of Iran (2003-05). J Gorgan Uni Med. 2009;11(1):76-9. [Persian].

Berzon DR, DeHoff JB. Medical costs and other aspects of dog bites in Baltimore. Public Health Rep. 1974;89(4):377-81.

Berzon DR, Farber RE, Gordon J, Kelley EB. Animal bites in a large city--a report on Baltimore, Maryland. Am J Public Health. 1972;62(3):422-6.

Berzon DR. The animal bite epidemic in Baltimore, Maryland: review and update. Am J Public Health. 1978;68(6):593-5.

Charkazi A, Behnampour N, Fathi M, Esmaeili A, Shahnazi H, Heshmati H. Epidemiology of animal bite in Aq Qala city, northen of Iran. J Educ Health Promot. 2013;2:13.

Kahn A, Bauche P, Lamoureux J. Child victims of dog bites treated in emergency departments: a prospective survey. Eur J Pediatr. 2003;162(4):254-8.

Lang ME, Klassen T. Dog bites in Canadian children: a five-year review of severity and emergency department management. CJEM. 2005;7(5):309-14.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dog-bite-related fatalities--United States, 1995-1996. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1997;46(21):463-7.

Ostanello F, Gherardi A, Caprioli A, La Placa L, Passini A, Prosperi S. Incidence of injuries caused by dogs and cats treated in emergency departments in a major Italian city. Emerg Med J. 2005;22(4):260-2.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.