The Effect of Rhythmic Movements on Mild Anxiety in Children of 7 to 12 Years Old with Cancer
Supportive & Palliative Care in Cancer,
Vol. 1 No. 1 (2017),
22 September 2020
Background and Aim: Cancer is a chronic childhood disease with many unpleasant psychological consequences such as anxiety. The study conducted to assess the effect of rhythmic movement on mild anxiety of children with cancer.
Material and Methods: This study was a Quasi-experimental study. The study population included all children aged 7 to 12 years old diagnosed with cancer who were hospitalized in oncology ward of a pediatrics hospital affiliated with Shahidbeheshti University of Medical Sciences in Tehran, Iran. Sampling was through convenient sampling and based on the inclusion criteria. 31 children with mild anxiety chosen according to ʺSpielberger Anxiety Inventoryʺ were recruited. Rhythmic movements with hip-hop style along with playing music performed in the playing room for 45 minutes during 6 sessions. Questionnaires were recompleted on the final day of intervention (sixth day) and 3 weeks later through reading the items for children and filling by researcher. Data analyzed using SPSS V.18 by repeated analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Results: The results showed significant differences between the mean values of anxiety (P<0.05) score before intervention and at the end of day 6 and weeks 3.
Conclusion: Rhythmic movements as a non pharmacologic intervention reduce mild anxiety in children with cancer. It is recommended that nurses use non pharmacological approaches such as rhythmic movements to reduce the psychological effects of cancer instead of using drugs.
- Rhythmic Movement
Falah R, Golzari M, Dastani M, Zahiroddin A, Mosavi M, Akbari MI. Effect of the intervention group method to promote spiritual and mental health expectancy in women with breast cancer. J Thought Behav. 2012;5(19):69-80
Lotfi Kashani F, Vaziri SH, Mousavi M, Hashemiye M. Effect of spiritual intervention to reduce spiritual distress in mothers of children with cancer. Med Ethics. 2013;6(20):173-86.
Masa'Deh R, Collier J, Hall C. Parental stress when caring for a child with cancer in Jordan: a cross-sectional survey. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2012;10(88):1-7. DOI: Artn 8810.1186/1477-7525-10-88 PMID: WOS:000307385600001
Eaton L. World cancer rates set to double by 2020. BMJ. 2003;326(7392):728. DOI: 10.1136/bmj.326.7392.728/a PMID: 12676827
Ward E, DeSantis C, Robbins A, Kohler B, Jemal A. Childhood and adolescent cancer statistics, 2014. CA Cancer J Clin. 2014;64(2):83-103. DOI: 10.3322/caac.21219 PMID: 24488779
Khazaee S. Freedom from cancer. Tehran: Mohaghegh PUB; 2001.
Li HC, Lopez V, Joyce Chung OK, Ho KY, Chiu SY. The impact of cancer on the physical, psychological and social well-being of childhood cancer survivors. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2013;17(2):214-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejon.2012.07.010 PMID: 22898653
Li HC, Chung OK, Chiu SY. The impact of cancer on children's physical, emotional, and psychosocial well-being. Cancer Nurs. 2010;33(1):47-54. DOI: 10.1097/NCC.0b013e3181aaf0fa PMID: 19926977
Stewart JL, Lynn MR, Mishel MH. Psychometric evaluation of a new instrument to measure uncertainty in children and adolescents with cancer. Nurs Res. 2010;59(2):119-26. DOI: 10.1097/NNR.0b013e3181d1a8d5 PMID: 20216014
Larsson G, Mattsson E, von Essen L. Aspects of quality of life, anxiety, and depression among persons diagnosed with cancer during adolescence: A long-term follow-up study. Eur J Cancer. 2010;46(6):1062-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.ejca.2010.01.021 PMID: WOS:000277812400016
Jasemi M, Aazami S, Zabihi RE. The Effects of Music Therapy on Anxiety and Depression of Cancer Patients. Indian J Palliat Care. 2016;22(4):455-8. DOI: 10.4103/0973-1075.191823 PMID: 27803568
Krull KR, Huang S, Gurney JG, Klosky JL, Leisenring W, Termuhlen A, et al. Adolescent behavior and adult health status in childhood cancer survivors. J Cancer Surviv. 2010;4(3):210-7. DOI: 10.1007/s11764-010-0123-0 PMID: 20383785
Atrifard M, Zahiredin A, Dibaei SH, Zahed GH. Comparing depression in children and adolescents with cancer with healthy ones. J Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2014;25(1):21-31.
Spoletini I, Gianni W, Repetto L, Bria P, Caltagirone C, Bossu P, et al. Depression and cancer: an unexplored and unresolved emergent issue in elderly patients. Crit Rev Oncol Hematol. 2008;65(2):143-55. DOI: 10.1016/j.critrevonc.2007.10.005 PMID: 18068997
Massie MJ. Prevalence of depression in patients with cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 2004;32(32):57-71. DOI: 10.1093/jncimonographs/lgh014 PMID: 15263042
Zarepor A, KHoshknab Falahi M, Kashaninya Z, Biglereyan A, Baba SHahabi R. The effect of group playing on depression of children with cancer. J Kourdestan Univ Med Sci. 2009;4:64-72.
Jeong YJ, Hong SC, Lee MS, Park MC, Kim YK, Suh CM. Dance movement therapy improves emotional responses and modulates neurohormones in adolescents with mild depression. Int J Neurosci. 2005;115(12):1711-20. DOI: 10.1080/00207450590958574 PMID: 16287635
Krebber AM, Buffart LM, Kleijn G, Riepma IC, de Bree R, Leemans CR, et al. Prevalence of depression in cancer patients: a meta-analysis of diagnostic interviews and self-report instruments. Psychooncology. 2014;23(2):121-30. DOI: 10.1002/pon.3409 PMID: 24105788
Koch S, Kunz T, Lykou S, Cruz R. Effects of dance movement therapy and dance on health-related psychological Outcomes: A meta-analysis. Arts Psychother. 2014;41(1):46-64. DOI: 10.1016/j.aip.2013.10.004 PMID: WOS:000332194400008
Mala A, Karkou V, Meekums B. Dance/Movement Therapy (D/MT) for depression: A scoping review. Arts Psychother. 2012;39(4):287-95. DOI: 10.1016/j.aip.2012.04.002 PMID: WOS:000307205000009
Ruiz Cobo J, Ros Ruiz S, Allam MF. Dance for your health. J Prev Med Hyg. 2011;52(2):89. PMID: 21842711
Pericleous IA. Healing through movement: dance/movement therapy for major depression: Barnard College; 2011.
Aktas G, Ogce F. Dance as a therapy for cancer prevention. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2005;6(3):408-11. PMID: 16236009
Ho RTH. Effects of dance movement therapy on Chinese cancer patients: A pilot study in Hong Kong. Arts Psychother. 2005;32(5):337-45. DOI: 10.1016/j.aip.2005.04.005 PMID: WOS:000233608500001
Murcia CQ, Kreutez G, Clift S, Clift B. Shall we dance? An exploration of the perceived Benefits of dancing on well-being. Arts Health. 2010;2(2):149-63.
Bengtsson LB, Ekman SL. Dance events as a caregiver intervention for persons with Dementia. Nurs Inq. 2000;7(3):156-65.
LaMontagne LL. Three coping strategies used by school-age children. Pediatr Nurs. 1984;10(1):25-8. PMID: 6560382
Rabeei M, Kazemi M, Mohamadi SH. The effect of music on anxiety of hospitalized children. J Gorgan Univ Med Sci. 2009;9(3):59-64.
Akandere M, Demir B. The effect of dance over depression. Coll Antropol. 2011;35(3):651-6. PMID: 22053537
Kiepe MS, Stöckigt B, Keil T. Effects of dance therapy and ballroom dances on physical and mental illnesses: A systematic review. Arts Psychother. 2012;39(5):404-11.
Koch SC, Morlinghaus k, Fuchs T. The joy dance Specific effects of a single dance intervention on psychiatric patients with depression. Arts Psychother. 2007;34(4):340-9.
Philipsson A, Duberg A, Moller M, Hagberg L. Cost-utility analysis of a dance intervention for adolescent girls with internalizing problems. Cost Eff Resour Alloc. 2013;11(1):4. DOI: 10.1186/1478-7547-11-4 PMID: 23425608
Meekums B, Karkou V, Nelson EA. Dance movement therapy for depression. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015;6(2):CD009895. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009895.pub2 PMID: 25695871
Erfer T, Ziv A. Moving toward cohesion: Group dance/movement therapy with children in psychiatry”. . Arts Psychother. 2006;33(3):238-46.
Guzman-Garcia A, Hughes JC, James IA, Rochester L. Dancing as a psychosocial intervention in care homes: a systematic review of the literature. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2013;28(9):914-24. DOI: 10.1002/gps.3913 PMID: 23225749
Abolhasan Z. A review of prevention and treatment of mental illness from the perspective of traditional medicine. J Med Hist. 2013;5(4):135-52.
- Abstract Viewed: 442 times
- PDF Downloaded: 346 times