School of Medicine Students' Journal https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/smsj <p><strong>The School of Medicine Students’ Journal (SMSJ) is published by the Vice Chancellor of Research, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. The SMSJ is scheduled to appear quarterly and publishes original article, case reports, editorials, short communication, and regular and systematic reviews that meet required standards and advance science. We also invite all the students in medical fields to convert their seminars to review articles and submit to SMSJ.</strong></p> <p><strong>The scientific topics of interest for the journal include, but are not limited to: Basic medical sciences, clinical research, public health, and medical education. The journal welcomes both quantitative and qualitative research.</strong></p> en-US <p><span>Authors who publish with SMSJ agree to the following terms:<br /> 1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License<span><ins datetime="2016-10-23T10:40"><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><span style="color: #008080;">,</span></span></ins></span> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.<br /> 2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.<br /> 3. 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SMSJ@sbmu.ac.ir (AmirHossein Aghdaee) amh.aghadaee@sbmu.ac.ir (Amirhossein Aghdaee) Sat, 12 Sep 2020 14:40:14 +0000 OJS 3.1.2.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 The Vague Position of the Dissertations in the Curriculum of the General Medical Doctorate Course https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/smsj/article/view/32124 <p>Although in the general medical doctoral training program approved by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education in 2017, one of the professional duties of the graduates of this field is to participate in all educational and research activities approved by the competent authorities. However, in the main competencies and skills expected by the graduates of this field, there is no reference to research competencies (1).</p> <p>In this program, there are 293 credits, of which six are related to the dissertation. The study of this program shows that only the courses "Research Methods and Evidence-Based Medicine", "Medical Statistics", and "Principles of Epidemiology" are about how to conduct research, search for articles, basic principles of vital statistics, and types of studies (1).</p> <p>It is suggested that the following issues be considered before the next review of this program – <strong>Cont</strong>.</p> Minoo Yaghmaei Copyright (c) 2020 School of Medicine Students' Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/smsj/article/view/32124 Tue, 29 Sep 2020 10:12:54 +0000 Investigating the relationship between gastric polyp and dyspepsia in Iranian patients https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/smsj/article/view/30888 <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <pre><strong>Background and aim</strong>: Chronic dyspepsia is one of the common medical problems in patients referred to internal and gastrointestinal clinics. According to the results of some studies, most patients with dyspepsia are simultaneously suffering from gastric polyps. We aimed to clarify the association of gastric polyp and dyspepsia in an Iranian population.</pre> <pre><strong>Materials and methods</strong>: We enrolled 2772 dyspeptic and 1294 non-dyspeptic subjects in this cross-sectional study, who referred to the gastrointestinal clinic at Ayatollah Taleghani Hospital in Tehran from2016 to 2018.All subjects underwent upper gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy andpatients with GI malignancy, severe GI bleeding and history of GI surgery excluded from study. They were evaluated for age, sex, endoscopicfindings, gastric polyp (GP) count, size and localization, diagnosticmethods used for histology, and polyp features. The relationshipbetween gastric polyp and dyspepsia was alsoevaluated.</pre> <pre><strong>Results</strong>: In 4066 consecutive upper GI endoscopy in patients with and without dyspepsia, 129 patients (3.2%) had gastric polyps (GPs).The prevalence of GPs was 3.04% and 3.32% in with and without dyspepsia subjects, respectively. There was no observed statistically significant relationship between GPs and dyspepsia (<em>P</em>=0.709). Hyperplastic polyps(HPs)were the most common pathologic form in patients with and without dyspepsia in 53.5% and 34.9% of patients, respectively. The most common location was the gastric antrum polyps (76.7%) and the common size of the polyps was between 5-10 mm in (80.6%) patients.</pre> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong>: In the present study, there was no statistically significant difference within the pathologic findings of gastric polyp in terms of dyspepsia.Hyperplastic polyps(HPs) are the most common type of pathologic stomach polyps and it is maybe high due to the highfrequency of Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) infection in our country.</p> Saeed Abdi, Elham Moradi, Zhaleh Mohsenifar Copyright (c) 2020 School of Medicine Students' Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/smsj/article/view/30888 Sat, 05 Sep 2020 00:00:00 +0000 Viral Outbreaks of SARS-CoV1, SARS-CoV2, MERS-CoV, Influenza H1N1, and Ebola in 21st Century; A Comparative Review of the Pathogenesis and Clinical Characteristics https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/smsj/article/view/30455 <p> </p><p>Throughout the past twenty years, humankind had its fair share of challenges with viral epidemics. In late December 2019, a zoonotic member of the coronaviruses was responsible for the COVID-19 outbreak of viral pneumonia in Wuhan, China. As a worldwide crisis, meanwhile, conclusive prevention or therapy has yet to be discovered, the death toll of COVID-19 has exceeded 278000 by May 11<sup>th</sup>, 2020. Alike other members of Coronavirus family such as MERS and SARS-CoV-1, SARS-CoV-2 provokes influenza-like syndrome which might further progress to the severe state of acute respiratory disease in some patients. Comparably, in 2009 the H1N1 influenza outbreak affected countless people by manifestations of respiratory system involvement. Additionally, Ebolavirus, as a member of the Filoviridae family, had also made a global catastrophe by causing hemorrhagic diseases in the past twenty years. The unknown intrinsic nature of SARS-CoV-2, as a great missing piece of this pandemic puzzle, has had physicians to empirically test the possibly efficacious agents of the former viral epidemics on the COVID-19 cases. Here, the current knowledge in SARS-CoV-2 clinical features, transmissibility, and pathogenicity are all summed up as against the other emerging viruses in the last two decades, and the data crucially required for a better management of the illness has been spotlighted.</p> Fateme Sadat Rahimi, Siamak Afaghi, Farzad Esmaeili Tarki, Kian Goudarzi, Nasser Malekpour Alamdari Copyright (c) 2020 School of Medicine Students' Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/smsj/article/view/30455 Sat, 11 Jul 2020 00:00:00 +0000