Evaluation of the relationship between clinical manifestations of varicose veins (and grade of varicose veins) with patient risk factors and adaptation of ultrasound findings
School of Medicine Students' Journal,
Vol. 3 No. 4 (2021),
Introduction and objective: varicose veins are common and can make some complaints about patients such as cosmetic problems and pain. This disorder has some risk factors such as long time standing, high body mass index, pregnancy. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between clinical presentations on varicose veins and patient's risk factors and also, this relationship with sonographic findings.
Method: in this cross-sectional study, all patients who came to Shohad-e –Tajrish hospital (Tehran-Iran) with varicose vein presentation were evaluated. Age, sex, standing time, smoking, multi-gravidity, and symptoms were recorded. A color Doppler sonography was taken from the veins of the involved legs.
Result: finally, 158 patients were evaluated and based on CEAP classification, 15.2% of patients had grade C0, 20.9% had grade C1, 24.1% had grade C2, 19.6% had grade C3, 7% had grade C4, 8.2% had grade C5, and 5.1% had grade C6. There was no relationship between symptoms of varicose veins and varicose veins severity. There was a relationship between the severity of varicose veins with age, sex, smoking, obesity, multi gravidity, and standing time. Also, there was a relationship between sonographic findings of venous valves insufficiencies and severity of varicose veins.
Conclusion: symptoms of varicose veins have no relationship with varicose vein severity but venous valve insufficiency, age, sex, smoking, obesity, multi gravidity, and standing time have an association with varicose vein severity.
- varicose vein, CEAP classification, venous insufficiency
How to Cite
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