Investigating Neurocranial Sizes And Cephalic Indices Of Male Newborns In North of Tehran Using Millimetric Cephalometry
School of Medicine Students' Journal,
Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019),
10 December 2019
Background: Anthropometric studies have been introduced as the second priority of research in the field of medical sciences in Iran. Information obtained from such studies are used in industry and medical sciences, including the manufacturing of prostheses, gas masks, and surgical instruments. Considering the effect of genetic, age, sexual, climatic, and geographical factors and their high importance on anthropometric sizes, the aim of the present project is to investigate the neurocranial sizes of the cephalic indices of one-day-old male newborns in north of Tehran.
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on 100 neurocranial sizes of one-day-old male newborns in Shohada-e-Tajrish Hospital in Tehran using millimetric cephalometry. Measurements were performed according to the protocol and by a ruler, cephalometer, and tape meter (0.5mm precision rate). The data were collected and recorded in the relevant forms and then processed and analyzed by a biostatistics software.
Results: The present research showed that the mean head length, head width, ear height, head circumference, brain volume, brain weight, cephalic index, and the brain index was 118.2 mm, 94.3 mm, 71.3 mm, 348.5 mm, 415.1 ml, 429.2 g, 78.1%, and 12.8%, respectively. Frequency of different head phenotypes has been reported according to the cephalic index as follows: round head (65%), long head (20%), broad head (12%), and super-broad head (3%).
Conclusion: The results of the present study showed that the cephalic index of one-day-old male newborns in Tehran was lower than those born in Kermanshah, Sistan and Baluchestan, and Qazvin, which can be explained by the impact of gender, climate, and geographical area on neurocranial dimensions and sizes.
How to Cite
A. A. Abou and R. Mastery Farahani.Standard classification of chephalometeric indices of young adults in Tehran.2003:281-85.
A. F. Meloti, R. d. C. Gonçalves, E. Silva, L. P. Martins and A. d. Santos-Pinto.Lateral cephalometric diagnosis of asymmetry in Angle Class II subdivision compared to Class I and II.Dental press journal of orthodontics.2014;19(4):80-88.
A. A. Abou and R. Mastery Farahani.Sudy of the relation between educational level and residential area on cephalic index in males and females aged 20-24 in tehran during 2001-2002.2003.
S. Oh, C.-Y. Kim and J. Hong.A comparative study between data obtained from conventional lateral cephalometry and reconstructed three-dimensional computed tomography images.Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons.2014;40(3):123-29.
A. A. Abou, R. Mastery Farahani, S. Farzampour and A.hi.Studying the classic norm of the face of boys between the ages of 18-22 based on the prosopic index in Tehran in 2005. Journal of Army University of Medical Sciences. 2006;4(3):867-72
B. J. Betz.Somatology of the schizophrenic patient.Human Biology.1942;14(1):21.
S. Eivazi and R. Mastery Farahani.The cephalometric neurocranial index of one-day-old male newborns in Kermanshah by anthropometry.Anatomical Sciences Journal.2013;10(1):51-56.
M. J. Golalipour.The effect of ethnic factor on cephalic index in 17-20 years old females of north of Iran [Efecto del factor étnico en el índice cefálico en mujeres entre 17 y 20 años de edad del norte de Irán].International Journal of Morphology.2006;24(3):319-22.
G. Shah and H. Jadhav.The study of cephalic index in students of Gujarat.J Anat Soc India.2004;53(1):25-6.
A. Mahajan, B. S. Khurana and A. P. S. Batra.The study of cephalic index in Punjabi students.J Punjab Acad Forensic Med Toxicol.2010;10:24-26.
H. Alves, M. Santos, F. Melo and R. Wellington.Comparative Study of the Cephalic Index of the Population from the Regions of the North and South of Brazil.International Journal of Morphology.2011;29(4).
L. G. Farkas. Anthropometry of the Head and Face: Raven Pr; 1994.
S. S. Saksena and D. Bixler.Facial morphometrics in the identification of gene carriers of X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia.American journal of medical genetics.1990;35(1):105-14.
S. J. Mathes. Plastic surgery: Saunders; 2006; P. Mafi, M. R. Ghazisaeidi and A. Mafi.Ideal soft tissue facial profile in Iranian females.The Journal of craniofacial surgery.2005;16(3):508-11.
- Abstract Viewed: 138 times
- PDF Downloaded: 61 times