Investigating the normal dimensions and sizes of human eye orbit by MRI in Labafinejad Hospital patients in 2016 in Tehran
School of Medicine Students' Journal,
Vol. 1 No. 1 (2019),
10 December 2019
Background: Anthropometry is one of the principal researches in. The eye orbit is involved in most cranial abnormalities. Concerning the lack of adequate information in Iranian populations and the effect of factors including gender, age, and geographical region, the aim of this study was to investigate the normal dimensions and sizes of human eye orbit through MRI.
Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive, analytical, and prospective study which was performed on 120 patients referring to the MRI center of Labafinejad and Torfeh hospitals. In fact, 20 patients were excluded due to eye-associated disorders. The longitudinal and transversal axes, as well as the eye orbit volume were measured, and the age, gender, and the sidedness of eye were reported and evaluated.
Results: The mean age was 38, and the eye orbit volume, longitudinal axis, and transversal axes were measured as 5593 mm3, 22 mm, and 21.9 mm, respectively. The minimum average measured value was related to the distance between the posterior edge of the frontal processes of the upper jaw bones (21 mm in females and 23 mm in males), while the maximum average was measured across the posterior poles of the two eye orbits (26 mm in females and 29 mm in males) (P<0.4).
Conclusion: The data suggestd that the longitudinal and transversal axes, as well as the volume of right and left eyes are larger in men than in women. The difference in the eye orbit volume of men, as compared to women can be attributed to a large body mass in men.
How to Cite
Traynor S,Gurtov AN,Senjem JH, et al.(2015) Assessing eye orbits as predictors of neandertal group size.AM J Phys Antropol 157,680-683.
Mak M, Kwan T, Cheng K, et al. (2006) Myopia as a latent phenotype of a pleiotropic gene positively selected for facilitating neurocognitive development, and the effects of environmental factors in its expression. Med Hypotheses 66, 1209–1215.
Galluzi P, Venturi C, Cerase A. Coat¢s disease: smaller volume of the affected globe. Radiology 2001;221:64-69
Mafee Mf, Valvassori GE. Radiology of the craniofacial anomalies. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 1981.
Misra M, Rath S. Computed tomographic method of axial length measurement of emmetropic Indian eye a new technique. Indian J Ophthalmol 1987;35: 17-21.
Measurment of ocular volume and assossiated factors by the use of MRI in Kermanshah, 2013, Pejouhesh Dar Pezeshki, (2014), 38(2)
Peter MS, Hugh DC. Head and Neck Imaging. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2003.
Igbinedion BO, Ogbeide OU. Measurment of normal ocular volume by the use of computed tomography. Niger J Clin Pract 2013; 16: 315-19.
Fanea L, Fagan AJ. Review: magnetic resonance imaging techniques in ophthalmology. Mol Vis 2012;18:2538-60.
Bahn MM, Gordon RE, Wippold FJ, Grand MG. Findings of retinitis on gadolinium-enhanced turbo fluid attenuated recovery images. Retina 1998; 18:164-68.
Ciardella AP, Borodoker N, Costa DL, Huang SJ, Cunningham ETJr, Slakter JS. Imaging of the posterior segment of the eye. Ophthalmol Clin North Am 2002; 15:281-96.
Ji Y, Qian Z, Dong Y, Zhou H, Fan X. Quantitative morphometry of the orbit in Chinese adults based on a three-dimensional reconstruction method. J Anat 2010;217:501-506.
Hansman CF. Growth of Interorbital distance and skull thickness as observed in roentgenographic measurements. Radiology 1966;86:87-96.
EwaTomasik, Damian Czepita, Fetal Ocular and orbital Development in humans, Durham Anthropology Journal, vol 12(2-3).2005
Hahn FJ, Chu WK. Ocular volume measured by CT scans. Neuroradiology 1984;26:419-20
Gregory S. Persons ; Robert H. Mathog, Orbital wall and volume Relationships, Arch otolaryngial Head Necksurg. 1988; 114(7): 743-744
Forbes G, Gehring DG, Gorman CA, Brennan MD, Jackson IT. Volume measurements of normal orbital structures by computed tomographic analysis. AJR Am J Roentgenol 1985;145:149-54
Fledelius HC, Christensen AC. Re-appraisal of the human ocular growth curve in fetal life, infancy, and early childhood . Br J Ophthalmol 1996; 80: 918-21.
Hahn FJ, Chu WK. Ocular volume measured by CT scans. Neuroradiology
;26:419-20.Hahn FJ, Chu WK. Ocular volume measured by CT scans. Neuroradiology1984;26:419-20.
Townsend KA, Wollstein G, Schuman JS. Clinical application of MRI in ophthalmology. NMR Biomed 2008; 21:997-1002. [PMID: 18384176].
Tessier P. Orbital hypertelorism. (1) Successful surgical attempts material and methods, causes and mechanism. Scand J Plast Reconstr Surg 1972;6: 155-185.
Duong TQ, Ngan SC, Ugurbil K, Kim SG. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Retina. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2002; 43:1176-81. [PMID: 11923263].
Anton Hass, Andreas weiglein, Fetal Development of the Human orbit, Graefe`s Arch clinExpophtalmol (1993) 231:217-220
Kwon. j, Barrera jE, most SP, Comparative Computation of Orbital Volume From Axial and Coronal CT using 3D image Analysis, OphtalPlastReconstrsurg, 2010 Jun- Feb; 26 (1): 26- 29.
Fotedar R, Wang JJ, Burlutsky G, Morgan IG, Rose K, Wong TY, et al. Distribution of axial length and ocular biometry measured using partial coherence laser interferometry (IOL Master) in an older white population. Ophthalmology 2010; 117: 417–23.
Acer N, Mehmet D, Tolga U, Hıdır P, Atilla G. Estimation of the eyeball and orbital volume using the cavalieri principle on computed tomography images. Balkan Med J 2011; 28: 184-88.
- Abstract Viewed: 36 times
- PDF Downloaded: 17 times