Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences <p>The <strong><span style="color: #c21807;">Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences ( JLMS) </span></strong>is a scientific <strong><span style="color: #c21807;">Continuously</span></strong><strong>*</strong> publication of the <strong><a href="">Laser Application in Medical Sciences Research Center</a>,&nbsp;</strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences</strong>.</a> This journal accepts original papers, review articles, case reports, brief reports, case series, photo essays, letters to the editor, and commentaries in the field of<strong> Laser</strong> or <strong>Light</strong> in any field of medicine such as the following medical specialties: Dermatology, General and Vascular Surgery, Oncology, Cardiology, Dentistry, Urology, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Gynecology &amp; Obstetrics, Internal Medicine, Orthopedics, Neurosurgery, Radiology, Pain Medicine (Algology). Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences has received a scientific and research score from the National Medical Publication Committee.</p> <p><strong>*JLMS</strong> was the quarterly publication from 2010 to 2020. We changed the type of publication to <strong><span style="color: #c21807;">Continuously</span></strong>&nbsp;from 2021 and publish a volume continuously (one volume) each year. Also, the print publication type publishes at the end of each year.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> en-US <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <p><strong>Copyright Rules</strong></p> <p>Upon publication, each author agrees that the “Laser application in Medical Sciences Research Center” is the copyright owner of the material published in “Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences”. The users are free to copy, distribute, and display the work; to make any reasonable noncommercial use of the work, subject to proper attribution of authorship and ownership of the rights. Authors may use their material in presentations and subsequent publications they write or edit themselves, provided that “Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences” is notified in writing and is acknowledged as the original publication.</p> <p><strong>Post-publication discussions and corrections:</strong></p> <p>The journal reserves the right to publish corrections to the former version of the manuscript, revise it, or retract the article even after publication. Post-publication discussion may be executed through Letter to Editor.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>Retraction Policy</p> <p>Our journal takes measures in accordance to <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong><u>COPE flowcharts</u></strong></a> in case of encountering an article that needs to be retracted.&nbsp;</p> (Arash Mohammadi Tofigh) (Farzaneh Moghimkhan (Executive Editorial Director)) Sun, 29 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Experimental Analysis of Vaginal Laxity in Rats Treated With a Combination of Er:YAG Fractional Lasers and AMSC-MP <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Vaginal laxity, a symptom of pelvic floor dysfunction observed in women, has many negative biological and psychological impacts. Laser treatments and stem cell-based therapies are emerging therapeutic methods for treating this condition. This study aimed to determine changes in vaginal laxity in model rats using a combination therapy of erbium-doped yttrium aluminium garnet (Er:YAG) fractional lasers and topical treatment with amniotic membrane stem cell metabolite products (AMSC-MP).<br><strong>Methods:</strong> The experimental animal population comprised 36 female white rats (Rattus norvegicus; 2-day-post-vaginal-delivery rats) allocated into the following four groups (n=9): K1, untreated two-day-post-vaginal-delivery rats; K2, two-day-post-vaginal-delivery rats treated with topical gel without AMSC-MP; P1, two-day-post-vaginal-delivery rats treated with Er: YAG fractional lasers and topical gel without AMSC-MP; P2, two-day-post-vaginal-delivery rats treated with Er: YAG fractional lasers and topical gel containing AMSC-MP. Immunohistochemical (IHC) examination was carried out for the expression and activity of heat shock protein 70 (HSP-70), collagen-1, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase 1 (TIMP-1), and matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1), as well as vaginal mucosal thickness.<br><strong>Results:</strong> There was a significant difference (P&lt;0.05) in the expression of HSP-70 among all groups except K2 and P1 (P&gt;0.05); there was no significant difference in type I collagen and TIMP-1 expression between the groups (P&gt;0.05); there was a significant difference (P&lt;0.05) in MMP-1 activity, with the activity in the K2 group (5.79±0.83) being higher than that in the P1 group (4.44±1.82) and that in the K1 group (5.74±1.03) being higher than that in the P2 group (4.24±1.55). Also, there was a significant difference in the thickness of the vaginal mucosa in all groups except K2 and P1 (P&gt;0.05).<br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Er:YAG fractional laser and AMSC-MP combination therapy improved vaginal laxity in model rats by increasing Hsp70 expression and vaginal mucosal thickness and decreasing MMP-1 activity.</p> Trisniartami Setyaningrum, Muhammad Yulianto Listiawan Listiawan, Budi Santoso, Cita Rosita Sigid Prakoeswa, Widjiati Widjiati, Brahmana Askandar Tjokroprawiro Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences Mon, 30 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Diode Laser Irradiation Effects on Miniscrew Stability and IL-1β and TGF-β1 Levels: A Split-Mouth Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: This study aimed to assess the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on miniscrew stability and concentrations of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β1) in peri-miniscrew crevicular fluid in the course of orthodontic treatment.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This randomized split-mouth double-blind clinical trial evaluated 18 patients requiring anterior retraction along with maximum anchorage. Miniscrews were placed between the maxillary second premolar and first molar. A diode laser was irradiated with a 980-nm wavelength and 100-mW output power in continuous-wave mode at four-time points: T0 (1 hour after miniscrew placement), T1 (1 week later), T2 (at 1 month) and T3 (at 3 months) in one quadrant of the maxilla (laser group). The other quadrant of the maxilla underwent the pseudo-application of the laser (control group). The primary stability of mini-screws was measured by Periotest M and reported as Periotest value (PTV). Also, at each time point, samples were collected from the peri-miniscrew crevicular fluid one hour after laser irradiation to assess the concentration of IL-1β and TGF-β1.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The mean PTV (inverse of the stability) was smaller in the laser group compared with the control group at all time points; this difference was significant at T2 and T3. The mean concentration of IL-1β in the laser group was lower than that in the control group at all time points, and this difference was significantly remarkable at T0 and T3. The mean concentration of TGF-β1 in the laser group was lower than that in the control group at T0, T1, and T3; however, the difference was not statistically significant.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions</strong>: The current results supported the efficacy of LLLT in increasing the miniscrew stability and decreasing the level of IL-1β pro-inflammatory cytokine</p> Soghra Yassaei, Somayeh Kordi, Hosseinagha Aghili, Javad Zavar reza, Zahra Ebrahiminik Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences Sun, 12 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Recovery of Quadriceps Strength and Knee Function Using Adjuvant EMG-BF After Primary ACL Reconstruction <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Immobility and limited usage of operated limbs lead to weakness and atrophy of the muscle after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. However, training programs for preventing biomechanical risk factors such as lower limb alignment and increased muscular contraction are very limited. Thus, the current study was carried out to evaluate the recovery of quadriceps muscle strength and the improvement of knee function using adjuvant electromyographic biofeedback after ACL reconstruction.<br><strong>Methods:</strong> This prospective randomized controlled trial was conducted among 40 patients (20=EMGBF group, 20=Control group) with ACL reconstruction, who were referred to Akhtar Hospital from 2021 to 2022. In the EMG-BF group, EMG BFB was added to the standard rehabilitation protocol, and in the control group, the standard rehabilitation protocol with a full postoperative weight-bearing, knee brace (zero degrees of extension, 90 degrees of flexion), and electrical stimulation with maximal voluntary isometric knee extension was performed. Each group was intervened for 4 weeks and three sessions of 30 minutes per week. It should be noted that each patient participated in 16 outpatient physiotherapy sessions after surgery. Nicholas Hand-Held Dynamometer (HHD) was used for measuring quadriceps strength, and Knee Outcome Survey-Activities of Daily Living (KOS-ADLs) and Knee Outcome Survey Sports Activities Scale (KOS-SAS) questionnaires were used for assessing the knee function.<br><strong>Results:</strong> Four weeks after the treatment, the EMG-BF group showed a significant increase in quadriceps strength (P=0.0001). Quadriceps strength had a significant difference before and after 4 weeks of intervention (P=0.0001), but in the control group, no significant difference was observed (P=0.368). The EMG-BF group had a significant increase in KOS-ADLs and KOS-SAS scores after 4 weeks of intervention.<br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> EMG-BF is a low-risk, low-cost, and less invasive intervention and has high safety and adjustment ability. It is a valuable adjuvant method for achieving better functional recovery in a shorter time.</p> Aliasghar Jamehbozorgi, Bahman Norozian, Samaneh Arabi, Seyedeh Mahta Marashipour, Khosro Khademi Kalantari, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban, Seyyed Morteza Kazemi Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences Tue, 28 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Keloid Treatment Using Plasma Exeresis: A Pilot Trial Study <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Keloid scars and hypertrophic scars are more commonly seen after surgeries, suture placements, or other skin damage. Scars can be treated using a variety of methods, including topical compounds, surgery, and lasers. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of plasma exeresis on the treatment of keloid scars.<br><strong>Methods:</strong> This experimental study was conducted on patients with keloid scars, defined as a treatment-resistant subtype of scars with extension beyond the primary skin defect and cauliflower appearance, in different parts of the body. The patients were treated with 2-to-3-session plasma exeresis. Scars were examined based on the Vancouver scar scale (VSS) before and 5 months after the treatment.<br><strong>Results:</strong> A total number of 24 scars were enrolled in this study. The number of patients was 16. There was a decrease in the mean thickness of keloids from 2.20 to 0.54 (P=0.000). The mean pigmentation and pliability scores decreased from 1.54 and 2.16 to 0.375 and 0.541, respectively (P=0.001). There was a significant reduction in the keloid scar vascularity score from 1.666 to 0.541 (P=0.000). There was a decrease from 0.708 to 0.00 (P=0.004) in the mean itchiness score. After the intervention, the mean pain score was 0.000, compared to 0.7500 before the intervention (P=0.003). There was a decrease in the total score from 8.958 to 2.000 (P=0.000).<br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The plasma exeresis procedure is effective in destroying small keloid scars. Furthermore, results in less itching and pain, as well as no significant complications or recurrences.</p> Shohreh Delavar, Setareh Tehrani, Hournaz hassanzadeh, Sepideh Tehrani Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences Tue, 14 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy as a Technique for Decontamination of Acrylic Resin Devices Provided by Different Dental Laboratories <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Dentures, occlusal splints, surgical guides and orthodontic appliances are examples of acrylic resin devices made in dental laboratories, which must be disinfected and even sterilized before insertion into the oral cavity. This study evaluated the antimicrobial effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) applied to acrylic resin specimens received from different laboratories.<br><strong>Methods:</strong> Three hundred standardized specimens were ordered from six randomly selected laboratories registered in the Council of Dentistry of Ceará (n=50). The PDT consisted in the association of 22 µM erythrosine, as a photosensitizer (P), and a 520-nm LED at 38 J/cm2 (L). The specimens of each laboratory were randomly distributed into five groups: positive control, sterilized with ethylene oxide; negative control, untreated (P-L-); erythrosine control, only stained (P+L-); LED control, only irradiated (P-L+); PDT (P+L+). Then, the specimens were individually sonicated in saline solution; the suspension was diluted, plated on culture mediums (blood agar, sabouraud dextrose agar, and a non-selective chromogenic agar), and incubated for 48 hours at 37°C. Colonyforming-unit (CFU) counts were done and statistical tests of Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn were carried out.<br><strong>Results:</strong> The specimens from all laboratories were contaminated with bacteria and yeasts. Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus spp., Klebsiella, and Pseudomonas spp. were identified. The PDT significantly reduced CFU counts (P&lt;0.0001), compared to P-L-.<br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> PDT was able to effectively decontaminate the acrylic resin specimens provided by dental laboratories.</p> Bruna Marjorie Dias Frota de Carvalho, Bruna Albuquerque Garcia, Aghata Kelma Palacio Gomes, Danielle Dourado Alcântara, Karina Matthes de Freitas Pontes Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences Tue, 14 Mar 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Photobiomodulation Therapy as an Adjuvant Treatment of Cervicofacial Liposuction Complications <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Cervical suction lipectomy (CSL) procedures result in practically inevitable complications after the operation, such as facial edema and bruise. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) can be used for analgesia, modulation of inflammatory processes, and improved tissue healing.<br><strong>Case Report:</strong> We have reported two cases of patients in which this therapy was used to manage complications related CSL. As they had already been medicated and still had these side effects, the PBMT was proposed for local analgesia, nerve repair, and modulation of the inflammatory process. Within 72 hours after a single PBMT session, there was an important reduction in the severity of all situations.<br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> PBMT seems safe and effective in managing pain and edema-related CSL.</p> Leticia Boaro, Angelica Pimentel, Daniela Muknicka , Sumaya Bordalo, Luana Campos Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences Sun, 29 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Photobiomodulation Therapy for Multiple Painful Fixed Drug Eruptions: The First Case Report <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Fixed drug eruption (FDE), is a very specific adverse drug reaction and one of the most common types of drug eruption generally resolves spontaneously within 7-10 days upon withdrawal of the causative agent; however, extensive and severe cases may also require systemic drug therapy. The present study aimed to report a case in which a broad spectrum of severe, painful lesions of FDE was managed with photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT).<br><strong>Case Report:</strong> A 31-year-old Caucasian woman presented with many extremely painful mucocutaneous lesions of FDE which had arisen 8 days before, following a long period of hospitalization. The lesions were not responsive to either corticosteroids or analgesics within 5 days, and then seven daily sessions of PBMT were proposed. Pain alleviation was achieved on the 1st day of PBMT, and the lesions showed an advanced course of healing on the 3rd day. Within 7 days of PBMT, the lesions were almost completely repaired. In a 3-month follow-up period, no relapse of any FDE lesion was reported.<br><strong>Conclusion:</strong> PBMT may be a promising strategy for the management of painful lesions of FDE refractory to conventional medication therapy. However, further studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis.</p> Luiz Felipe Palma, Luana Campos, Sandro Francisco de Oliveira, Ludmila Penido, Susana Morimoto, Luís Otávio Carvalho de Moraes Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences Sat, 25 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Critically ill patients with COVID-19: are phototherapies advantageous for managing orofacial lesions? Our experience from Brazilian hospitals <p>Our research group has recently published some case reports on the use of photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) and antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) for managing orofacial lesions in COVID-19 patients, giving a new perspective on the role of laser in daily practice during COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, considering our wide experience with these patients in Brazil, the current commentary paper aimed to briefly present some multicenter cases in which PBMT and aPDT were used concomitantly to manage orofacial lesions in critically ill patients with COVID-19, a condition that has never been addressed in the literature. The proposed laser protocol was effective in wound healing in all the cases; however, the degree of improvement and the period required varied substantially. Given the cases presented, we hope to encourage clinicians to consider using aPDT and PBMT concomitantly for managing COVID-19-related orofacial lesions in intensive care unit patients with respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation.</p> Luana Campos, Inessa Teixeira, Marcia Christina Camargo Hernandes Ramires, Regina Raffaele, Luiz Felipe Palma Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences Sat, 25 Feb 2023 00:00:00 +0000