Social impact of the Iraq-Iran war as experienced by Iranian surgeons
Iranian Journal of Emergency Medicine,
Vol. 10 No. 1 (2023),
30 November 2022
Surgeons played a vital role in the Iraq-Iran War by healing injured soldiers and reducing the rate of death. The purpose of this study was to describe their lived experiences and social impact during the war. This qualitative study was conducted from May 2018-June 2019 and surgeons who participated in the Iraq-Iran War were invited. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were used to collect the data from 28 participants. Four main themes emerged from the data: 1- Military role was important in providing essential facilities and safe zones for personnel and soldiers at the warfront. 2- It was critical to reinforce the infrastructure for immediate medical assistance. 3- Disaster training for medical personnel was vital for triage, treatment, education and research planning. 4- Spiritual and religious beliefs. Disaster planning and training for physicians by drills is essential to meet the challenges of unexpected events and operative readiness requires drill training on a quarterly or semi-annual basis.
How to Cite
Khosravi MH, Akhavan A. Facial injuries in Iranian veterans during the Iraq-Iran war (1980-88): differences from recent conflicts. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2015;53(10):949-52.
Soroush M, Ganjparvar Z, Mousavi B. Human casualties and war: results of a national epidemiologic survey in Iran. Archives of Iranian medicine. 2020;23(4Suppl1):S33-S7.
Gholamreza H. Mortality and Injuries among Iranians in Iraq-Iran War: A Systematic Review. -. 2013.
Wojcik BE, Curley KC, Szeszel-Fedorowicz W, Stein CR, Humphrey RJ. Spinal injury hospitalizations among US Army soldiers deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan. Military Medicine. 2015;180(2):216-23.
Rahimi-Movaghar V, Jazayeri SB, Alimi M, Abbassioun K, Amirjamshidi A. Lessons learned from war: a comprehensive review of the published experiences of the Iranian neurosurgeons during the Iraq-Iran conflict and review of the related literature. World neurosurgery. 2013;79(2):346-58.
Firouzkouhi M, Zargham-Boroujeni A, Kako M, Abdollahimohammad A. Experiences of civilian nurses in triage during the Iran-Iraq War: An oral history. Chinese journal of traumatology. 2017;20(5):288-92.
Goniewicz M. Effect of military conflicts on the formation of emergency medical services systems worldwide. Academic Emergency Medicine. 2013;20(5):507-13.
Ebrahimzadeh MH, Soltani-Moghaddas SH, Birjandinejad A, Omidi-Kashani F, Bozorgnia S. Quality of life among veterans with chronic spinal cord injury and related variables. Archives of trauma research. 2014;3(2).
Moradi A, Ebrahimzadeh MH, Soroush MR. Quality of life of caregiver spouses of veterans with bilateral lower extremity amputations. Trauma monthly. 2015;20(1).
Devakumar D, Birch M, Osrin D, Sondorp E, Wells JC. The intergenerational effects of war on the health of children. BMC medicine. 2014;12(1):1-15.
Gierson ED, Richman LS. Valley triage: an approach to mass casuality care. J Trauma. 1975;15(3):193-6.
Kreiss Y, Merin O, Peleg K, Levy G, Vinker S, Sagi R, et al. Early disaster response in Haiti: the Israeli field hospital experience. Ann Intern Med. 2010;153(1):45-8.
Bakran Z, Bobinac-Georgievski A, Dzidić I, Jelić M, Eldar R. Medical rehabilitation in Croatia impact of the 1991-1995 war: past problems, present state, future concerns. Croat Med J. 2001;42(5):556-64.
Gates JD, Arabian S, Biddinger P, Blansfield J, Burke P, Chung S, et al. The initial response to the Boston marathon bombing: lessons learned to prepare for the next disaster. Ann Surg. 2014;260(6):960-6.
Ramasamy A, Harrisson S, Lasrado I, Stewart MP. A review of casualties during the Iraqi insurgency 2006--a British field hospital experience. Injury. 2009;40(5):493-7.
Ravella PC. A survey of U.S. Air Force flight nurses' adaptation to service in Vietnam. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1995;66(1):80-3.
Stehman CR, Testo Z, Gershaw RS, Kellogg AR. Burnout, Drop Out, Suicide: Physician Loss in Emergency Medicine, Part I. West J Emerg Med. 2019;20(3):485-94.
Dean W, Talbot S, Dean A. Reframing Clinician Distress: Moral Injury Not Burnout. Fed Pract. 2019;36(9):400-2.
Houghton C, Casey D, Shaw D, Murphy K. Rigour in qualitative case-study research. Nurse Res. 2013;20(4):12-7.
DeJonckheere M, Vaughn LM. Semistructured interviewing in primary care research: a balance of relationship and rigour. Fam Med Community Health. 2019;7(2):e000057.
De Chesnay M. Nursing research using grounded theory: Qualitative designs and methods in nursing: Springer Publishing Company; 2014.
Johnson JL, Adkins D, Chauvin S. A Review of the Quality Indicators of Rigor in Qualitative Research. Am J Pharm Educ. 2020;84(1):7120.
Saunders B, Sim J, Kingstone T, Baker S, Waterfield J, Bartlam B, et al. Saturation in qualitative research: exploring its conceptualization and operationalization. Qual Quant. 2018;52(4):1893-907.
Firouzkouhi M, Zargham-Boroujeni A. Data analysis in oral history: A new approach in historical research. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2015;20(2):161-4.
Polit DF, Beck CT. Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2010.
Doshmangir L, Bazyar M, Majdzadeh R, Takian A. So near, so far: four decades of health policy reforms in Iran, achievements and challenges. Archives of Iranian medicine. 2019;22(10):592.
Heidarpour A, Jahani MR, Dabbagh A, Khatami MS. Surgical interventions at field hospitals during the Iran and Iraq War (1980–1987). Military medicine. 1999;164(2):136-7.
Blaz DA, Woodson J, Sheehy S. The emerging role of combat nursing: the ultimate emergency nursing challenge. Journal of Emergency Nursing. 2013;39(6):602-9.
Rigal S, Pons F. Triage of mass casualties in war conditions: realities and lessons learned. International orthopaedics. 2013;37:1433-8.
Pink N. Triage in the accident and emergency department. Aust Nurses J. 1977;6(9):35-6.
Ghoseiri K, Allami M, Soroush MR. Assessment of orthotic needs in Iranian veterans with ankle and foot disorders. Military Medical Research. 2018;5:1-9.
Scannell‐Desch EA. Lessons learned and advice from Vietnam war nurses: a qualitative study. Journal of Advanced Nursing. 2005;49(6):600-7.
Valiee S, Nemati SM, Valian D. Exploration of service recipients' image of a perfect nurse: A qualitative descriptive study. Applied Nursing Research. 2020;54:151272.
- Abstract Viewed: 63 times
- pdf Downloaded: 37 times