The Rate of Reactions Related to Blood Transfusion in Trauma Patients Receiving Blood in Besat Hospital in Hamadan in 2020
Iranian Journal of Emergency Medicine,
Vol. 9 No. 1 (2022),
Introduction: Reporting blood transfusion reactions in trauma patients is effective in better disease management. In this study, the rate of acute reactions related to blood transfusion in trauma patients receiving blood at Besat Educational and Medical Center in Hamadan was investigated.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, by available sampling method, medical records of 245 trauma patients over 18 years old in Besat Hospital in Hamadan in 1399 in terms of history of allergic reactions, type of blood transfusion product, vital signs and .. Checked out. SPSS version 23 and paired t-test and Monte Carlo test were used to analyze the data. P. Value value <0.05 was considered significant.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 41.53 ± 17.34 years, 80% male, 20% female, 91% blunt trauma, 9% penetrating. Out of 245 patients, 13 (3.5%) had a reaction (3.7% allergy and 1.6% non-hemolytic fever). Mean temperature, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and respiratory rate of trauma patients receiving blood were significantly increased and the number of pulses decreased before receiving blood. There was no significant relationship between blood transfusion response in trauma patients with the type of trauma, age of patients, gender, blood type, Rh and the presence or absence of disease.
Conclusion: Allergic reaction and non-hemolytic hemorrhage were the most common in trauma patients. It seems that therefore, understanding the causes and strategies to reduce their rate in trauma patients requires further studies.
- Transfusion reactions
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