Outcome of Accidental Exposure Prone to Blood Borne Viral Infections in an Educational Hospital
Novelty in Biomedicine,
Vol. 4 No. 2 (2016),
10 April 2016
AbstractBackground: The risk for transmission of blood-borne viruses (BBVs) such as Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) due to occupational exposure is a major concern in the health care setting.
Materials and Methods: This study among 337 health care workers (HCWs) accidentally exposed to BBVs was carried out from January 2009 to March 2015. The data were reviewed in labbafinejhad hospital, Tehran, Iran.
Results: 4 HCWs had exposure to HBS Ag positive, which HBS antibody titer of them was higher than 10 mlu/ml, 6 HCWs were exposed to HCV seropositive patients underwent laboratory investigations for HCV-antibody on 4,12, 24 weeks that results were negative. 3 cases had exposure to HIV seropositive patients which received standard antiretroviral post exposure prophylaxis.
Conclusion: Timely performance for PEP (Post Exposure Prophylaxis) reducing BBVs transmission among HCWs.
Conclusions: Timely performance for PEP(Post Exposure Prophylaxis) reducing BBVs transmission among HCWs.
Key words: Outcome; Accidental Exposure; Blood Borne Viral Infections
- Accidental Exposure
- Blood Borne Viral Infections
How to Cite
Zafar A, Habib F, Hadwani R, Ejaz M, Khowaja K, Khowaja R, et al. Impact of infection control activities on the rate of needle stick injuries at a tertiary care hospital of Pakistan over a period of six years: An observational study. BMC Infect Dis. 2009;9:78.
Moro PL, Moore A, Balcacer P, Montero A, Diaz D, Gomez V, et al. Epidemiology of needle sticks and other sharps injuries and injection safety practices in the Dominican Republic. Am J Infect Control. 2007;35:552–9.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Updated U.S. Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. MMWR Morb mortal Wkly Rep. 2001;50:1-52.
Schillie S, Murphy TV, Sawyer M, Ly K, Hughes E, Jiles R, et al.CDC guidance for evaluating health-care personnel for hepatitis B virus protection and for administering postexposure management. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2013;62:1.
Nagao Y, Baba H, Torii K, Nagao M, Hatakeyama K, Iinuma Y, et al. A long-term study of sharps injuries among health care workers in japan. Am J Infect Control. 2007;35(6):407-11.
Tabak N, Shiaabana AM, Shasha S. The health beliefs of hospital staff and the reporting of needle stick injury. J Clin Nurs. 2006;15(10):1228-39.
Panlilio AL, Cardo DM, Grohskopf LA, et al. Updated U.S. Public Health Service guidelines for the management of occupational exposures to HIV and recommendations for postexposure prophylaxis. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2005;54:1-17.
Do AN, Ciesielski CA, Metler RP, et al. occupationally acquired human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection: national case surveillance data during 20 years of the HIV epidemic in the United States. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2003; 24:86-96.
- Abstract Viewed: 393 times
- PDF Downloaded: 278 times