International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs <p style="margin: 0in 0in 10pt;"><span style="color: #111111; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; font-size: 9pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;">The <em><span style="font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;">"</span></em></span><span style="color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; font-size: 9pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial; mso-font-kerning: 18.0pt;">International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences (IJABS)</span><em><span style="color: #111111; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; font-size: 9pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;">" </span></em><span style="color: #111111; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; font-size: 9pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;">is an international peer reviewed Quarterly free access journal, owned by the Behavioral Sciences Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.</span></p><p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>دارای رتبه علمی پژوهشی از کمسیون نشریات علوم پزشکی کشور</strong></span></p><p style="margin: 0in 0in 10pt;"><strong>IJABS is currently indexed in ISC &amp;<strong>COSMOS FOUNDATION GERMANY&amp;</strong> google Scholar&amp; magiran&amp;Iran Journal .</strong></p><p align="center"> </p> Behavioral Sciences Research Center Of (SBMU) en-US International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2383-4129 <p><strong>Copyright assignment</strong><br />Papers are accepted for publication on the understanding that all copyright in the paper is assigned to the publisher. Authors are asked to sign a copyright assignment form. Without the signed copyright form, the manuscript cannot be published.</p> Comparison of the Acceptance and Commitment Therapy andCompassion-Focused Therapy on Quality of Life and Health-Promoting Behaviors of Mothers with Gestational Diabetes https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/32843 <p><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 509.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.998136);">Introduction</span><span style="left: 203.433px; top: 509.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">:</span><span style="left: 219.633px; top: 509.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.899802);">Gestational diabetes is the most common metabolic complication of pregnancy, </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 532.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.922109);">affecting 10</span><span style="left: 195.833px; top: 532.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">%</span><span style="left: 212.433px; top: 532.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 219.033px; top: 532.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.917513);">15% of all pregnancies, depending on diagnostic criteria. </span><span style="left: 723.317px; top: 532.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.921251);">This study aimed to </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 555.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.907552);">compare the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment</span><span style="left: 568.317px; top: 555.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.900763);">therapy and compassion</span><span style="left: 763.317px; top: 555.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 769.917px; top: 555.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.900746);">focused therapy </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 578.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.907195);">on the quality of life and health</span><span style="left: 345.483px; top: 578.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 352.083px; top: 578.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.898878);">promoting behaviors of mothers with gestational diabetes.</span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 624.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.98485);">Method:</span><span style="left: 173.833px; top: 624.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.92439);">The research method was a quasi</span><span style="left: 444.883px; top: 624.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 451.483px; top: 624.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.926184);">experimental study with pre</span><span style="left: 679.117px; top: 624.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 685.717px; top: 624.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.892105);">test, post</span><span style="left: 758.117px; top: 624.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 764.717px; top: 624.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.936495);">test, and follow</span><span style="left: 891.167px; top: 624.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 647.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.878196);">up. The statistical populat</span><span style="left: 307.433px; top: 647.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.863773);">ion of this study was all pregnant women referred to Milad Hospital in </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 670.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.887355);">Tehran in 2019</span><span style="left: 220.433px; top: 670.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">.</span><span style="left: 232.433px; top: 670.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.927357);">45</span><span style="left: 259.433px; top: 670.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.903637);">participants</span><span style="left: 359.683px; top: 670.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.854179);">were randomly selected and placed in three groups of acceptance </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 693.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.899189);">and commitment therapy, compassion</span><span style="left: 399.483px; top: 693.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 406.083px; top: 693.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.90098);">focused therapy, and control group.</span><span style="left: 695.717px; top: 693.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.965066);">The follow</span><span style="left: 784.167px; top: 693.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 790.767px; top: 693.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.878729);">up phas</span><span style="left: 852.767px; top: 693.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.915857);">e was </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 716.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.868278);">performed on all three groups three months after the post</span><span style="left: 584.517px; top: 716.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 591.117px; top: 716.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.886902);">test. The research tools included the </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 739.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.936238);">World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale and the Walker Health</span><span style="left: 725.317px; top: 739.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 731.917px; top: 739.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.941596);">Promoting Lifestyle </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 762.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.891759);">Questionnaire. The data were analyzed using univariate and multi</span><span style="left: 647.317px; top: 762.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.909659);">variate covariance analysis by </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 785.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.937783);">spss.22. </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 831.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(1.0099);">Result</span><span style="left: 148.84px; top: 831.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">:</span><span style="left: 165.24px; top: 831.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.893618);">The results showed that acceptance and commitment therapy and compassion</span><span style="left: 828.767px; top: 831.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 835.367px; top: 831.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.901137);">focused </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 854.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.934042);">therapy had a significant effect on improving the quality of life and health</span><span style="left: 701.917px; top: 854.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 708.517px; top: 854.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.915305);">promoting behaviors in </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 877.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.907809);">women with gestational di</span><span style="left: 306.033px; top: 877.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.92133);">abetes (P&lt;0.001).</span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 900.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(1.0089);">Conclusion:</span><span style="left: 203.233px; top: 900.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.910599);">It can be concluded that acceptance and commitment therapy has a greater impact on </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 923.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.935866);">the quality of life and health</span><span style="left: 352.483px; top: 923.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 359.083px; top: 923.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.914773);">promoting behaviors of women with gestational diabetes than </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 946.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.898952);">compassion</span><span style="left: 188.833px; top: 946.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 195.433px; top: 946.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.925313);">focused therapy. It </span><span style="left: 353.683px; top: 946.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.919765);">encourages individual</span><span style="left: 531.083px; top: 946.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.930249);">s to communicate their experiences fully and </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 969.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.903118);">without resistance as they move toward</span><span style="left: 410.283px; top: 969.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">s</span><span style="left: 423.083px; top: 969.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.897421);">their worthy goals and to accept them without judgment. </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 1014.86px; font-size: 19.2px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.994286);">Declaration of Interest: </span><span style="left: 290.833px; top: 1014.86px; font-size: 19.2px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.89279);">None</span></p> Parisa Khoraminejad Javad Khalatbari Mohammad Reza Seyrafi Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 8 3 1 12 10.22037/ijabs.v8i3.32843 The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) on Disease Perception and Adherence to Treatment AmongPatients with Multiple Sclerosis https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/32856 <p><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 525.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.998136);">Introduction</span><span style="left: 203.433px; top: 525.661px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">:</span><span style="left: 213.833px; top: 525.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.916994);">Multiple sclerosis is a common disease of the central nervous system. The aim of this </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 552.263px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.864754);">study was to determine the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on illness </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 578.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.891491);">perception and adherence to treatment among patients with multiple scleros</span><span style="left: 699.317px; top: 578.663px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(1.03811);">is.</span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 631.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.98485);">Method:</span><span style="left: 179.033px; top: 631.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.931533);">The present study was a quasi</span><span style="left: 450.683px; top: 631.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 457.283px; top: 631.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.918414);">experimental with pretest and posttest design. The </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 658.063px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.917264);">statistical population of this study were all patients with multiple sclerosis under the auspices of the </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 684.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.949311);">MS Society of Tehran in 2019. Forty</span><span style="left: 390.483px; top: 684.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 397.083px; top: 684.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.93775);">five women with multi</span><span style="left: 580.317px; top: 684.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.915102);">ple sclerosis were purposefully selected </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 710.863px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.878189);">and randomly divided into two groups: acceptance and commitment therapy (n=15) and control </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 737.297px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.919008);">group (n=15). Data were obtained with the revised illness perception questionnaire (IPQ</span><span style="left: 806.567px; top: 737.297px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 813.167px; top: 737.297px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.929595);">R) and the </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 763.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.895842);">multiple sclerosis treatm</span><span style="left: 306.833px; top: 763.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.883165);">ent adherence questionnaire (MS</span><span style="left: 594.317px; top: 763.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 600.917px; top: 763.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.898585);">TAQ). The repeated measurement </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 790.297px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.922194);">analysis of variance and SPSS.22 software were used to analyze data.</span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 843.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(1.0099);">Result</span><span style="left: 148.84px; top: 843.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.866032);">: The results showed that the acceptance and commitment therapy was effective on illness </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 869.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.899808);">perceptions (p&lt;0.001) and ad</span><span style="left: 328.883px; top: 869.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.89817);">herence to treatment (p&lt;0.001). </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 922.497px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.984119);">Conclusion</span><span style="left: 190.233px; top: 922.497px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.864498);">: It can be concluded that effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy focus </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 948.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.821994);">more on the outcome of the thought or how the person relates to their thoughts rather than on the </span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 975.297px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.872447);">content of the thought or atte</span><span style="left: 326.033px; top: 975.297px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.908498);">mpt to eliminate it.</span><span style="left: 94.4px; top: 1028.15px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.995224);">Declaration of Interest: </span><span style="left: 299.433px; top: 1028.15px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.89381);">None</span></p> Puran Sami Suzan Emamipoor Amin Rafiepoor Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 8 3 13 24 10.22037/ijabs.v8i3.32856 Predicting Mental Well-being Based on Personality Dimensions and Emotional Intelligence Mediated Treatment Adherencein Diabetic Patients https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/34683 <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: One of the biggest challenges of the 21st century for health systems around the world is the increasing burden of chronic diseases such as diabetes. Accordingly, the aim of the present study was to predict mental well-being based on personality dimensions and emotional intelligence mediated by adherence to treatment in diabetic patients.<strong>Methods:</strong> This research is a descriptive-correlational type, which has been analyzed using multivariate regression method. The statistical population of this study included all diabetic patients aged 30 to 60 years, who in the third quarter of the year 2019 referred to the office of endocrinologists, kidney and internal medicine specialist in 5 areas (north-south-center-east-west) of Tehran Municipality. Out of 714 people who referred to these centers, 267 people were selected as the sample by targeted sampling method and answered the Reef psychological well-being questionnaire, neo personality dimensions, shot emotional intelligence and following Modanlu treatment. SPSS software was used to analyze the statistical data. <strong>Results: &nbsp;</strong>The results of multivariate regression showed that 70% of the variance of psychological well-being in diabetic patients is explained by the variables of neuroticism, emotional intelligence, conscientiousness and extraversion, while the variables of openness to experience, pleasantness and adherence to psychotherapy did not have significant relation with psychological well-being.<strong>Conclusion: </strong>The results of this study, which are largely consistent with other research findings, indicate that high levels of emotional intelligence, conscientiousness and extraversion, and low levels of neuroticism increase the psychological well-being of diabetic patients.</p> Atefeh koushkestani Hossein Sheybani Mahboobe Taher Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 8 3 25 37 10.22037/ijabs.v8i3.34683 Comparing the Effectiveness of Cognitive Analytic and Cognitive Behavioral Psychodrama Group Therapy on Interpersonal Problems and Emotional Regulation Difficulties in Divorced Women https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/35275 <p><strong>Introduction</strong>: The aim of the current study was to compare the effectiveness of cognitive-analytic and cognitive-behavioral psychodrama group therapy on reducing the interpersonal problems and difficulty of emotion regulation in divorced women.<strong>Methods</strong>: This research was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest design and a control group. The statistical population of the present study included all divorced women who had referred to private counseling centers under the supervision of welfare organization in Mashhad (84 centers) in 2018. Among the statistical population, by convenient sampling method, 36 people who met the inclusion criteria were selected and randomly located into three groups: Experiment 1,2 and Control. Experiment 1 group participated in sixteen 120-minute sessions of cognitive analytic group therapy and experimental group 2 participated in sixteen 120-minute sessions of cognitive-behavioral psychodrama group therapy. The 60-item Interpersonal Problems Questionnaire (IIP-60) by Horowitz et al, and the Gretz and Roemer Difficulty of Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) were used to collect data. Data analysis of the present study was performed using Mixed ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test by SPSS software version 20.<strong>Results</strong>: The results indicated that both cognitive-analytic and cognitive behavioral psychodrama group therapies were able to significantly reduce the interpersonal problems and difficulty of emotion regulation of divorced women (p&lt;0.01), in addition, cognitive-behavioral psychodrama group therapy had a greater effect than cognitive analytic group therapy on reducing interpersonal problems and difficulty of emotion regulation.<strong>Conclusion</strong>: Therefore, according to the obtained results, cognitive-behavioral psychodrama group therapy and cognitive-analytic group therapy can be used in order to reduce interpersonal problems and the difficulty of emotion regulation in divorced women.</p> Ahmad Nayeri Rahmatollah Nooranipour Shokouh Navabinejad Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 8 3 38 51 10.22037/ijabs.v8i3.35275 The Effectiveness of TranscranialDirect Current Stimulation (TDCS) on Anxiety, Depression, and Physical Symptoms of People with Chronic Pain https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/35405 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> Chronic pain and the experience of living with it are unique. Individual perception of pain is affected by physical, psychological, and social variables. This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on anxiety and depression and physical symptoms of patients with chronic pain.<strong>Method:</strong> This study was a semi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test, and follow-up with the control group. The statistical population of the study included all outpatients of men and women referred to all medical centers in Tehran in 2019 who had received a definitive diagnosis of chronic pain by neurologists, rheumatologists and psychiatrists, and other relevant specialists. The sampling method in this study had two stages: first, through available sampling, selected from several women with a definite diagnosis of chronic pain, and then, based on inclusion criteria and conducting a pre-test session with interviews. A clinical trial conducted by a researcher under the supervision of a psychiatrist based on DSM-5 diagnostic criteria, 30 women (15 for each group) of women who had the highest scores (as baseline) after completion The questionnaires were selected by simple random sampling method and after random allocation, they were replaced in two groups of intervention and control. Data were obtained using the Beck depression questionnaire and the Beck anxiety questionnaire. Repeated variance analysis was used to analyze the data. The above analysis was carried out using SPSS.22 software.<strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that the effectiveness of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) was effective on anxiety and depression and physical symptoms of people with chronic pain.<strong>Conclusion:</strong> It can be concluded that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is effective in reducing anxiety, depression, and physical symptoms of people with chronic pain and can be used to improve psychological problems in people with chronic pain.</p> Minoo Gueserse Alireza Zali Saeed Hassanzadeh Mohammad Hatami Morvarid Ahadi Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 8 3 52 62 10.22037/ijabs.v8i3.35405 A Qualitative Study on theConcept of Healthy Lifestyle and Factors Affecting the Dormitory Students' Lifestyle of Shahid Beheshti University https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/32548 <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Healthy lifestyle can play a significant role in the health and quality of students' life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the concept of healthy lifestyle among students living in dormitories and factors affecting their lifestyle.<strong>Methods:</strong> This qualitative exploratory study was conducted as a semi-structured interview with 18 female students residing in the dormitory of Shahid Beheshti University. These students were selected through purposive sampling. Interviews were analyzed in four contexts: the concept of healthy lifestyles, examining students' lifestyles, evaluating their lifestyles, and factors affecting their lifestyles. Content analysis was used to analyze the data.<strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that there are two distinct areas regarding the concept of a healthy lifestyle from the students' perspective: first, the dimensions that the healthy lifestyle contains and second, the principles on which a healthy lifestyle should be based. There were also five groups of factors affecting students' lifestyles: avoidance of family (e.g. independence), internal factors (e.g. individual characteristics), university and dormitory conditions (e.g. time), relationships (e.g. Roommate), macro factors (e.g. social, economic).<strong>Conclusion:</strong> According to the results, it seems that the educational and cultural authorities of the universities need to pay more attention to the lifestyle of the students.</p> Parvane Karimi Fariba Zarani Golnaz Mazaheri Nejad Fard Copyright (c) 2021 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2021-09-30 2021-09-30 8 3 63 73 10.22037/ijabs.v8i3.32548