International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs <p style="margin: 0in 0in 10pt;"><span style="color: #111111; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; font-size: 9pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;">The <em><span style="font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;">"</span></em></span><span style="color: black; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; font-size: 9pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial; mso-font-kerning: 18.0pt;">International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences (IJABS)</span><em><span style="color: #111111; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; font-size: 9pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;">" </span></em><span style="color: #111111; line-height: 115%; font-family: 'Cambria','serif'; font-size: 9pt; mso-ascii-theme-font: major-latin; mso-hansi-theme-font: major-latin; mso-bidi-font-family: Arial;">is an international peer reviewed Quarterly free access journal, owned by the Behavioral Sciences Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.</span></p><p><span style="text-decoration: underline;"><strong>دارای رتبه علمی پژوهشی از کمسیون نشریات علوم پزشکی کشور</strong></span></p><p style="margin: 0in 0in 10pt;"><strong>IJABS is currently indexed in ISC &amp;<strong>COSMOS FOUNDATION GERMANY&amp;</strong> google Scholar&amp; magiran&amp;Iran Journal .</strong></p><p align="center"> </p> Behavioral Sciences Research Center Of (SBMU) en-US International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2383-4129 <p><strong>Copyright assignment</strong><br />Papers are accepted for publication on the understanding that all copyright in the paper is assigned to the publisher. Authors are asked to sign a copyright assignment form. Without the signed copyright form, the manuscript cannot be published.</p> Prediction of Marital Dissatisfaction Based on the Resilience, Marital Commitment and Rumination https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/27289 <p>Introduction: Resilience and marital commitment can be considered as a protective factor for maintaining the relationship. On other hand, rumination is a psychological vulnerability factor that has negative effects on resilience and marital commitment. The present study was conducted aimed to predict marital dissatisfaction based on resilience, marital commitment, and rumination in couples seeking for separation.<br>Method: The present study was a cross-sectional study in the form of correlational design. 170 women were selected using purposive sampling from all married women referred to the Dispute Resolution Council in Tehran. Data were collected using demographic checklist, structured clinical interviews, Couple Burnout Measurement, Resilience Scale, rumination questionnaire, and marital commitment scale. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression. Results: the results showed that triple components of commitment had a significant and indirect relationship with couple burnout (p&lt; 0.05). Also, there was a significant indirect relationship between rumination with couple burnout and resilience with couple burnout (p&lt; 0.05). Considering the Beta weight based on the first model showed that a standard deviation of change in rumination constituted 0.43 standard deviation of couple burnout. Also, beta coefficients in the second model indicated that a standard deviation of the simultaneous change in rumination dimensions and moral commitment would explain 0.43 and 0.312 standard deviations in couple burnout, respectively (all p's&lt;0.01).<br>Conclusion: These results indicate the role of psychological components in predicting the marital satisfaction and can have clinical applications in designing clinical interventions.</p> Maryam Kazemi Firoozeh Zanganeh Motlagh Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 7 4 1 10 10.22037/ijabs.v7i4.27289 The Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on Depression, Anxiety and Stress in women with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/28363 <p>Introduction: Gastroesophageal reflux disease is one of the most common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Stressors along with anxiety and depression, reduce a person's ability to cope with life's problems and play an important role in exacerbating the symptoms of GERD. Women are more fragile and vulnerable in this situation. This study investigates the effectiveness of mindfulness-based stress reduction on depression, anxiety, and stress in women with gastroesophageal reflux disease.<br>Method: The present study is a pre-test, post-test and follow-up design. Sampling was done purposefully, in which 30 women with gastroesophageal reflux disease who were referred to Hazrat Rasool Akram Hospital in Tehran were randomly selected. They were divided into experimental and control groups. The experimental group underwent stress reduction-based mindfulness training in 8sessions in 2-hour. The control group did not receive any training. Data were collected using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). All participants completed the questionnaire at three time points (pre-test, post-test, follow-up). Data obtained from the research were analyzed by analysis of covariance (ANCOVA and MANCOVA) using SPSS software.<br>Results: The results showed that stress-based mindfulness training is effective in reducing depression, anxiety and stress in women. (p&lt;0.05)<br>Conclusion: The results showed that the effectiveness of stress-based mindfulness therapy could be used as a complementary intervention method along with other common therapies to improve depression, anxiety and stress in women with gastroesophageal reflux disease.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Marjan Mokhtare Mohammad Oraki Azita Asadpour Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 7 4 11 23 10.22037/ijabs.v7i4.28363 Relationship between Resilience and Quality of Life in Cardiovascular Patients with the Mediating Role of Lifestyle https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/30802 <p>Introduction: Cardiovascular disease, as a chronic and debilitating physical condition, is one of the most common causes of mortality. This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of lifestyle in the relationship between resilience and quality of life in cardiovascular patients.<br>Method: The present study was a descriptive-correlational and structural equation. The statistical population of the present study includes all cardiovascular patientsreferring to cardiovascular hospitals in Tehran in 2019, of which 303 people were selected as the sample by the purposed sampling method. Data collection tools included the qualityof life,health-promoting lifestyle profile, and Connor Davidson resilience scale.<br>Results: The results showed there is a significant positive relationship between lifestyle with quality of life in patients with heart disease. Resilience had a positive relationship with quality of life. Lifestyle also played a mediating role in resilience to quality of life (P&lt;0.01).<br>Conclusion: Based on this, in the field of designing the necessary measures to improve the quality of life in cardiovascular patients, it is possible to develop programs to strengthen resilience and a healthy lifestyle.</p> Farshid Kamalinedjad Amin Rafiepoor Mehrdad Sabet Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 7 4 24 33 10.22037/ijabs.v7i4.30802 The Structural Model of Social Well-being in workplace based on Bright-side Personality, Dark Triad and Collectivism Culture,Considering the Mediating Role of Social Influence https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/31187 <p>Introduction: Social well-being is one of three employee well-being dimensions and the missed piece of subjective well-being literature. The purpose of current research was modeling the social well-being in workplace, based on person-situation model and social exchange theory. This mediated-moderated structural model is developed considering the interactive role of bright and dark triad and collectivism organizational culture, besides mediation role of social influence tactics.<br>Method: Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) was used for analyzing this second-order hierarchical latent variable model. Participants were 292 employees of Iran National oil Company in the summer of 1398.<br>Results: Fitness indices indicates the good fitness of social-wellbeing model (SRMR&lt;0.08, NFI&gt;0.9). Results showed that bright side of personality and collectivism organizational culture affect social well-being directly. In addition, findings showed that dark triad influences on social well-being is fully mediated by social influence tactics; so that Machiavellianism and narcissism increase the social well-being levels by influencing soft influence tactics utilization; Whereas psychopathy leads to applying hard influence tactics and cause social well-being reduction. Moderating effect of collectivism organizational culture on bright side of personality and social well-being was confirmed as well.<br>Conclusion: Overall findings indicate that personality factors are important determinants of social well-being, but understanding the social well-being construct in workplace requires including the whole image of bright and dark side of personality, as well as organization cultural factors.</p> Shabnam Javanmard Ahmad Borjali Hossein Eskandari Noor Ali Farokhi Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 7 4 34 49 10.22037/ijabs.v7i4.31187 The Effect of Metacognitive Therapy on Reducing Anxiety and Depression among Patients with Traumatic Stress Disorder https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/24996 <p>Introduction: Metacognitive therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been developed based on the role of meta-cognitive processes and beliefs in anxiety disorders. In this study, the effectiveness of meta-cognitive therapy on PTSD has been investigated.<br>Method: This quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test was carried out. The sample consisted of patients with PTSD who referred to Professor Moharri Hospital in Shiraz (N=12). Participants were selected using a structured clinical interview (SCID-I). Sample subjects underwent individual meta-cognitive therapy in 10 sessions. Depression, Stress, and Anxiety Scale was used as a measurement tool in pretest, posttest and follow up. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and dependent t-test.<br>Results: According to the results,learning metacognitive skills and coping strategies of metacognition reduces the symptoms of mental illnesses such as anxiety, depression and tension in people with PTSD (p&lt;0.05).<br>Conclusion: Metacognitive therapy is an effective therapeutic approach that has resulted from systematic modeling and hypothesis and has resulted in techniques whose effectiveness in scientific studies has been proved.</p> Ziba Hamidi Seyyed Abolghasem Mehri Nejad Seyyedeh samira Hosieni Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 7 4 50 58 10.22037/ijabs.v7i4.24996 Effectiveness of Pennsylvania Prevention Program and Program based in Islamic Criteria on Marital Satisfaction of Mothers with an autistic child https://journals.sbmu.ac.ir/ijabs/article/view/31118 <p><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 496.863px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(1.04225);">Introduction</span><span style="left: 239.033px; top: 496.863px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.867097);">: The present study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the classical </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 519.863px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.913234);">Pennsylvania prevention program and program based on Iranian</span><span style="left: 652.117px; top: 519.863px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 658.917px; top: 519.863px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.942784);">Islamic criteria on the </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 543.063px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.926337);">marital satisfaction of mothers with an autisticchild. </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 582.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.997251);">Method</span><span style="left: 196.633px; top: 582.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.929888);">: 45 volunteers h</span><span style="left: 349.683px; top: 582.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.904159);">ave been selected through convenience sampling among </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 605.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.89964);">mothers of autistic children, having medical records at the Rehabilitation Center of </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 628.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.855179);">Shahrud, and whose disorders were approved by an expert psychologist. The samples </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 651.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.93875);">were randomly placed into two interv</span><span style="left: 434.883px; top: 651.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.915848);">ention groups and a control group (each group 15 </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 674.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.872297);">subjects). The interventions were conducted in five</span><span style="left: 550.917px; top: 674.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">,</span><span style="left: 562.917px; top: 674.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">2</span><span style="left: 572.917px; top: 674.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 579.517px; top: 674.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.83249);">hour sessions per weak and the </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 697.463px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.870446);">participants responded ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Scale (EMS) before and after the </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 720.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.898481);">interventions. Data analysis was done</span><span style="left: 436.683px; top: 720.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.979285);">through ANCOVA and MANCOVA. </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 760.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.932467);">Results</span><span style="left: 192.233px; top: 760.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.862637);">: The results showed that three groups have a significant difference in a total </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 783.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.93111);">score of marital satisfaction and components of satisfaction, conflict resolution, leisure </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 806.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.932853);">time (</span><span style="left: 181.833px; top: 806.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">p</span><span style="left: 191.833px; top: 806.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.899911);">&lt;0.05). The effectiveness of the Pennsylv</span><span style="left: 547.283px; top: 806.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.887435);">ania prevention program based on </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 829.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.922901);">Iranian</span><span style="left: 186.433px; top: 829.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 193.433px; top: 829.097px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.936623);">Islamic criteria was significantly higher than the Pennsylvania Prevention </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 852.297px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.914791);">program(</span><span style="left: 204.233px; top: 852.297px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">p</span><span style="left: 214.433px; top: 852.297px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.9188);">&lt;0.05). </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 891.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.966712);">Conclusion</span><span style="left: 225.833px; top: 891.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.906661);">: Accordingly, Pennsylvania Prevention Program has positive effects on </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 914.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.912315);">psychological health and improves marital</span><span style="left: 499.283px; top: 914.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.920845);">relationships by combining a variety of </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 937.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.89739);">approaches and techniques including psychoeducation, cognitive</span><span style="left: 671.917px; top: 937.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 678.517px; top: 937.697px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.911243);">behavioral therapy, </span><span style="left: 130.04px; top: 960.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.929199);">rational</span><span style="left: 191.033px; top: 960.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 197.633px; top: 960.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.919934);">emotional therapy, problem</span><span style="left: 419.483px; top: 960.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif;">-</span><span style="left: 426.083px; top: 960.897px; font-size: 20px; font-family: sans-serif; transform: scaleX(0.930432);">solving and social skills training.</span></p> Masoumeh Ghodrati Hakimeh Aghaee Mohammad Hatami Copyright (c) 2020 International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 7 4 59 68 10.22037/ijabs.v7i4.31118