Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relation between different food groups intake, nutritional status of cirrhotic patient and the stage of the disease.
Background: Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is a common problem in cirrhotic patients. Food intake assessment is highly important in the investigation regarding the health-disease process.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, sixty eight ambulatory cirrhotic patients, with a mean age of 54 years, were included. In order to assess the stage of the disease and malnutrition status, Child-Pugh score and Subjective Global Assessment index were used respectively. Dietary intakes were assessed using a 168-item semi-quantitative validated food frequency questionnaire. Odds ratios (OR) and the corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were computed, using logistic regression models.
Results: After adjustment for confounders, we found significant inverse relations between intakes of nuts (OR=0.140, CI=0.031-0.625) and olive (OR=0.212, CI=0.049-0.917) with severity of disease and boiled potatoes (OR=0.154, CI=0.040-0.592) and legumes (OR=0.090, CI=0.020-0.406) with malnutrition status. Inversely, solid fats (OR=3.324, CI=1.080-10.238) and mayonnaise (OR=5.215, CI=1.203-22.612) were positively associated with disease severity and malnutrition, respectively.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that selection of healthy foods was negatively associated with severity of hepatic cirrhosis whereas unhealthy food groups had a positive relation with disease severity and malnutrition.
Keywords: food groups, hepatic cirrhosis, malnutrition, Child-Pugh score.
(Please cite as: Pashayee-khamene F, Saber-firoozi M, Hatami B, Hekmatdoost A, Rashidkhani B, Aghamohammadi V, et al. Food groups intake of cirrhotic patients, comparison with the nutritional status and disease stage. Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2019;12(3):226-232).