Evaluation of Long Term Consumption of Omeprazole Disadvantages: A Network Analysis
Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench,
9 December 2020
Background: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are used to inhibit gastric high rate of acid secretion in patients. Omeprazole as a PPI is a common drug in this regard. Evaluation of long term consumption of omeprazole is studied in the present study via its effects on gene expression of “human coronary artery endothelial cells”.
Methods: Net effect of presence of omeprazole on gene expression profiles of “human coronary artery endothelial cells” was evaluated by using data from gene expression omnibus (GEO). Results of protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis were assessed via biological process examination to find the critical deregulated genes after long term consumption of omeprazole.
Results: “Negative regulation of muscle cell apoptotic process”, “negative regulation of DNA binding”, “telencephalon cell migration”, “forebrain cell migration” “response to cadmium ion”, “cell-cell recognition”, “positive regulation of protein targeting to mitochondrion”, and “central nervous system neuron development” were the clusters of biological processes that were associated to the long term presence of omeprazole. The final critical deregulated genes were JAK2, PTK2, and NRG1.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that cell cycle, proliferation, and apoptosis and several essential biological processes are affected and nervous system is a possible target related to the long term consumption of omeprazole.
- Omeprazole; Long term consumption; Gene expression
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