Evaluation of CXCR1 as a possible diagnostic biomarker in acute appendicitis
Gastroenterology and Hepatology from Bed to Bench,
Aim: The present study was conducted to determine the genes with common expression in blood and appendix tissue samples in order to introduce them as possible diagnostic biomarkers.
Background: Diagnosis of acute appendicitis (AA) without applying computed tomographytomography (CT), subjecting the patient to significant radiation, can be surprisingly difficult. Blood circulation may have conscious alterations in its RNA, protein, or metabolite composition.
Methods: The genes related to appendix tissue and blood samples of the patients with AA were extracted from public databases. Fold change (FC) ≥ 2 in blood and FC ≥ 5 in appendix tissue samples were considered to screen differentially expressed genes (DEGs). A protein-protein interaction network was organized using the search tool for retrieval of interacting genes and proteins (STRING) database as a plugin of Cytoscape software version 3.6.0. The main genes were enriched by DAVID Bioinformatics Resources to find the related biochemical pathways.
Results: Among the DEGs in blood and appendix tissue samples, C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 1(CXCR1), leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor A3 (LILRA3), low-affinity immunoglobulin gamma Fc region receptor III (FCGR3), and superoxide dismutase 2(SOD2) were common in both sources. CXCR1 was found as only hub gene upregulated in both blood and tissue of the patients with AA compared to controls and those with other abdominal pain.
Conclusion: CXCR1, FCGR3, LILRA3, and SOD2 were determined as a suitable possible biomarker panel for diagnosis of AA disease.
Keywords: Acute appendicitis; Biomarker, Diagnosis.
(Please cite as: Khalkhal E, Razzaghi Z, Akbarzadeh Baghban AR, Naderi N, Rezaei-Tavirani M, Rezaei-Tavirani M. Evaluation of CXCR1 as a possible diagnostic biomarker in acute appendicitis. Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2020;13(Suppl.1):S106-S112).
- Acute Appendicitis
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