Advances in Nursing & Midwifery,
Vol. 24 No. 85 (2015),
2 Tir 2015,
Anxiety disorders are one of the most common mental disorders in children. In regard with
the importance effect of appropriate communication among parents specially mothers and children, on
mental health of children, this study investigated the effects of communication skills training for mothers on
anxiety levels of school students in Tehran.
Methods and Material:
In a quasi-experimental study, 114 students in first grade class, in an area in Tehran
and their mothers were included. Before the intervention , children's anxiety was assessed by using the
School Anxiety Scale –Teacher report (SAS-TR (SAS-TR), and mothers' communication skills was
measured by Queendom communication skills questionnaire. The mothers of the children in intervention
group were provided a communication skills education program. Mothers of the children in control group
were also provided with communication skills education after completion of the study. Two month after the
educational intervention mothers' communicational skills and their children's anxiety in two groups were
assessed by two questionnaires and compared with pre intervention stage. Data were analyzed by SPSS
Wilcoxon statistical test showed a significant decrease in anxiety scores of children of mothers of
intervention group (p<0.05), while no significant difference was found between pre and post educational
intervention anxiety scores in control group. Mean scores of mothers' communicational skills was (114.±
8/9) before Intervention which significantly increased after educational program (p<0.05).
Anxiety of students is in primary school has a high incidence, diagnosis and early treatment
could prevent future complications. According to this study findings , communication skills training for
mothers is an effective way to reduce the anxiety students.
Anxiety, student, teacher, School anxiety scale - teacher report (SAS-TR), communication skills training