Research Article-Nursing

Evaluation of the level of professional socialization of postgraduate nursing students

Mahdieh Sabery, Tahereh Ashktorab, Nastaran Heydarikhayat

Advances in Nursing & Midwifery, Vol. 26 No. 93 (2017), 16 July 2017, Page 1-10

Background and Aim:
Professional socialization is an important issue in nursing. This process creates a mechanism that
group members think and act the same and finally will control over their actions. With growing
expectation from nurses omits exits professional socialization dimensions such as independency,
problem solving, responsibility, conducting research and competency of care delivery.
Nevertheless, there are fewer problems with professionalism in nurse specialists and the levels of
patient’s satisfaction of delivered services are increased, so the aim of this study is to evaluate the
level of professional socialization of nursing student postgraduate degree.
Materials and Methods:
A descriptive study in Shahid Beheshti School of nursing and midwifery in 2015 was conducted.
Population of study was the MSc nursing student. Census Sampling was conducted and all students
who wish to participate in the study were enrolled. The questionnaire was an instrument which was
designed in a previous PhD in nursing dissertation.
The range of participant’s age was 23 to 45 with mean ± SD 30.81±6.1 years. 79.4% of study units
were female. The majority of students were married and live in urban area. Mean score of
professional socialization of nursing students was 212±22.2 and it was ranged from 157 to 269.
Based on the scores of professional socialization of MSc nursing students, it was in a high level.
The score was equal to the level of proficient and expert at Benner’s stages of clinical competence.
It can be recommended that to make the learning of professional development and socialization
from undergraduate level more effective the education in postgraduate degrees should be facilities.
More collaboration between university and clinical environment should be provided.
Professionalism; Socialization; Nursing; Education; Education, Nursing, Postgraduate

Health promotion behaviors and its correlation with some of the demographic factors in patients with multiple sclerosis

Alireza Dashti–Dehkordi, Hojatolah Yousefi, Masoud Etemadifar, Jahangir Maghsoudi

Advances in Nursing & Midwifery, Vol. 26 No. 93 (2017), 16 July 2017, Page 11-18

Background and Aim:
The health promotion behaviors are effective factors in prevention of diseases. The aim of this study
was to determine, the health promotion behaviors and their relationship with demographic factors in
people with multiple sclerosis.
Materials and Methods:
This study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey assessing health-promoting behaviors among
patients with multiple sclerosis. 51 patients with multiple sclerosis referred to MS clinic of Al-
Zahra Hospital were randomly selected. The health-promoting behaviors were measured using
HPLP-II (Health Promotion Lifestyle profile-II) and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS).
Data were analyzed by independent t-test, Pearson Correlation, Spearman correlation and One-Way
The overall health-promoting behaviors' profile had a mean ± SD of 119.6±12. The highest mean in
the sub-scales was for “spiritual growth” (22.8±3/8) and the lowest was for “physical activity”
(15.3±3.52). The results indicated that there was not a significant difference between two genders.
Pearson's correlation indicated a negative relationship between Expanded Disability Status Scale
with mean of overall health-promoting behaviors' profile. There were also significant correlations
between the levels of education with mean of overall health-promoting behaviors' profile.
Regarding the situation of health-promoting behaviors, especially in physical activity sub-scale,
providing programs to improve health promotion behaviors in people with multiple sclerosis are
Health Behavior; Multiple sclerosis; Demographic Factors


Background and Aim:

sexual assault is one of the most important factors posing a serious threat to the health and rights of women in the word. However, factors that affected on the health of victims are less-known. This study aimed to determine the relationship between demographic characteristics and mental health of the victims in the year 2013.

Materials & Methods:

 This was a descriptive study, which was carried out in 2013. The sample size was 93 people who were randomly selected from rape victims in the Isfahan forensic medicine center. Measuring tools was demographic characteristic's questionnaire and 90 item- symptom revised checklist (SCL90-R). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and spearman's correlation, Independent t-test and one-way ANOVA test using SPSS 16.


Spearman's correlation test between demographic characteristics and mental health score indicates that factors, including age of victim (p=0.99) and income of victim (p=0.08) did not have a significant relationship with the mental health score. The relationship between victim's father education (p=0.008) and mental health was significant. The victims who had fathers with a diploma degree significantly had higher mental health scores than those who were their fathers had lower education.


The majority of the victims had a mental disorder with high or very high degree of severity. Most seen symptoms were depression and aggressive behaviors. For the prevention of psychological consequences of rape, the family and social networks should enforce to identify and treat victims who have suffered trauma.

The survey of relationship between Problemathic internet use with lonliness and satisfaction with life in internet users of Kerman

Hadi Ranjbar, Mansour Arab, Maryam Hatamizadeh, Fatemeh Shabani, Nahid Nasri

Advances in Nursing & Midwifery, Vol. 26 No. 93 (2017), 16 July 2017, Page 31-40

In recent years, the Internet use greatly increased throughout the World. In between worrying about
the bad effects of this phenomenon is on the rise. This study was examined the relationship between
life satisfaction, loneliness and problematic Internet use.
Materials and Methods:
In this cross-sectional study, 348 individuals were referred to Coffee Net in Kerman in 2011 were
surveyed. Life satisfaction questionnaire, UCLA Loneliness Scale and problematic Internet use
questionnaire were used. The results were analyzed using the t-test, ANOVA and Pearson
The relationship between problematic Internet use, loneliness and life satisfaction was negatively
correlated (P <0.05). Between problematic Internet use and loneliness, there was a positive
correlation (P <0.05). Marital status, sex, use of services, Yahoo and Facebook and the Internet use
at home, had an impact on the problematic use of the Internet.
The association between problematic Internet use, loneliness and life satisfaction in this study was
shown. To avoid complications, it is recommended that people use the Internet with control.
Internet; Dependency; satisfaction; loneliness

Emotional intelligence in Nursing, models and methods of measurement

Fatemeh Ghofrani Kelishami, Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Roohangiz Jamshidi Orak, Zahra Arab Ameri, Sara Bani Hashemi, Naimeh Seyedfatemi

Advances in Nursing & Midwifery, Vol. 26 No. 93 (2017), 16 July 2017, Page 21-29

Background and Aim:
Emotional intelligence is one of the most important factors for success in all aspects of life.
Emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize emotions in themselves and others, effective
management of emotions, the emotions in their motivation and effective communication. Given the
importance of the issue and the lack of nursing research in the field of emotional intelligence in
Iran, in this article emotional intelligence in nursing, patterns and measurement methods were
Materials and methods:
After searching the database Ovid, Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, SID, Magiran using keywords
intelligence, emotional intelligence, nursing students, Information obtained after review of 47
Emotional intelligence can be positive results, such as socio-emotional success, confidence is high,
more life satisfaction, health and social commitment to the cause. Patterns of emotional intelligence
considered and Different tools have been designed to measure this type of intelligence.
Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence, Nursing Students