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Comparison of the Efficacy of Local Anesthesia Methods and Caudal Regional Anesthesia in Prostate Biopsy Applied Under Transrectal Ultrasonography: A Randomized Controlled Study

Sahin Pasali, Cuneyt Ozden, Yalcin Kizilkan, Suleyman Camgoz, Semih Baskan, Samet Senel, Doruk Demirel, Cevdet Serkan Gokkaya
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Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of caudal regional anesthesia and local anesthesia methods in prostate biopsy applied under transrectal ultrasonography.

Matherials and Methods: This prospective study included a total of 160 patients randomly separated into 4 equal groups as intrarectal local anesthesia (IRLA), periprostatic local anesthesia (PPLA), combined local anesthesia (IRLA+PPLA), and caudal regional anesthesia (CRA). The patients were evaluated using the pain scores on a visual analog scale.

Results: The pain score during anesthesia induction was significantly higher in the CRA group than in the IRLA and IRLA+PPLA groups (p<0.001). The pain score during entry of the probe to the rectum and movement was significantly lower in the CRA group than the IRLA groups (p=0.014). The pain score on penetration of the needle to the prostate and at 30 mins after the biopsy was significantly higher in the IRLA group (p<0.001). At 2 hours after the biopsy, the pain score in the CRA group was significantly lower than IRLA groups (p=0.015).

Conclusion: The PPLA alone can be applied more quickly than CRA, causes less pain during the application, and has similar efficacy in reducing pain during and after the prostate biopsy procedure.


Keywords

pain, prostate biopsy, periprostatic local anaesthesia, caudal regional anaesthesia

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/uj.v0i0.5503

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