Effect of Age on Conversion to Everolimus with Calcineurin Inhibitor Minimization at A Late Post-Transplant Stage

Junji Uchida, Shunji Nishide, Kazuya Kabei, Hisao Shimada, Akihiro Kosoku, Tomoaki Iwai, Nobuyuki Kuwabara, Toshihide Naganuma, Norihiko Kumada, Yoshiaki Takemoto, Tatsuya Nakatani

Abstract


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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for everolimus discontinuation in kidney transplant recipients converted to everolimus with calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) minimization at a late post-transplant stage.
Materials and Methods: An observational retrospective cohort study was conducted on a total of 38 recipients of kidney transplantation at our institution from June 2012 to March 2015 who were converted from antimetabolites to everolimus at a late post-transplant stage and followed for 1 year. We divided the patients into two groups to evaluate the factors affecting everolimus discontinuation after conversion: everolimus continuation group (n = 23), patients in whom everolimus maintained, and everolimus discontinuation group (n = 15), patients in whom everolimus were stopped within 1 year after conversion.
Results: Age at conversion was significantly older in the everolimus discontinuation group compared to the everolimus continuation group (57.9 ± 12.0 years in the everolimus discontinuation group vs 45.7 ± 11.2 years in the everolimus continuous group; P = .0062). Multivariate cox proportional hazard regression analysis revealed that age at conversion significantly correlated with everolimus discontinuation (P = .012). Receiver operating characteristic curve of age at conversion showed that the cut-off value was 55 years old for the everolimus discontinuation group [area under curve 0.804, 95% confidence interval (0.654-0.954), sensitivity 86.7%, specificity 65.2%].
Conclusion: Our results indicated that late conversion to everolimus with CNI minimization in elderly recipients older than 55 years of age may be associated with more frequent adverse events and discontinuations.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/uj.v0i0.4326


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