Purpose: It remains unclear whether laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for primary treatment of small renal masses is similar to partial nephrectomy (PN) in terms of long-term oncological and renal function outcomes. We reviewed the long-term outcomes for patients with T1a renal masses treated with either laparoscopic RFA or
Materials and Methods: This retrospective single-center study on 115 patients who were treated by laparoscopic RFA or PN for small (<4 cm) renal masses between January 2005 and October 2014 at Chungnam National University Hospital. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was measured before and 1–2 weeks after surgery and at last follow-up. The laparoscopic RFA and PN groups were compared in terms of clinical characteristics data and change in eGFR after surgery using the Chi-squared test or Student’s t-test. Survival data were analyzed using the
Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test.
Results: Of the 115 patients, 62 and 53 underwent laparoscopic RFA and PN, respectively. Their mean (range) follow-up duration was 60 (30–104) and 68 (30–149) months, respectively (P = 0.092). The RFA patients were older (P = 0.023) and had smaller tumors (P = 0.000). RFA associated with shorter operation and hospitalization times and less perioperative blood loss (all P<0.001). The groups did not differ in terms of change in eGFR 1–2 weeks after surgery (P = 0.252) or at the last follow-up (P = 0.395) or 5 year survival rates (P = 0.360).
Conclusion: Laparoscopic RFA for small renal masses was comparable to PN in terms of oncological and functional outcomes and associated with shorter operative and hospitalization times and less perioperative bleeding.