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Results of Buccal Mucosal Graft Urethroplasty in Complex Hypospadias

Darioush Irani, Payman Hekmati, Alireza Amin-Sharifi




Introduction: Urethral reconstruction in complex hypospadias poses a significant challenge. We report our experience using buccal mucosa to repair complex hypospadias.                                                                                   

Materials and Methods: From February 2001 to September 2003, 16 urethral reconstructions were performed using buccal mucosal graft. Twelve of the patients had previously failed urethroplasties, while the other 4 had perineal or scrotal hypospadias. Grafts were harvested from the lower lip. Onlay grafts were used in 8 cases, and tubularized grafts were used for the others.

Results: After 14 to 27 months’ follow-up, 11 of 16 (69%) patients developed complications, including meatal stenosis in 2 (12.5%), urethral stricture in 5 (31%), and  urethrocutaneous fistula in 4 (25%). No oral complications were seen, and all of the urethroplasty complications were managed successfully.                           

Conclusion: Urethroplasty using a buccal mucosal graft may be accompanied by a relatively high complication rate, which is more common in patients with tubularized graft; however, all complications can be managed successfully. We believe that urethroplasty using buccal mucosal graft in complex hypospadias is an acceptable treatment modality.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22037/uj.v2i2.261


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