Comparison of Characteristic Property among Tehran Offensive and Non-Offensive Drivers Using Cloninger, s Treatment and Character Inventory

sh khedri, M Dejkam, E Ainy, H Soori, J Fathabadi



 Backgrounds and Aims: Characteristic property among Tehran offensive and non- offensive drivers using Cloninger, s treatment and Character Inventory questionnaire was studied.

 Materials and Methods: A cross- sectional study was carried out after coordinating with traffic police. 300 drivers: 150 offensive ( drivers with more than ten penalty points and 150 non- offensive drivers with less than ten penalty points in one year prior were selected randomly. Data was collected using Cloninger, s treatment and Character Inventory standard questionnaire by trained experts in three different routes of Tehran.

 Results: The average age was 20-34 years (82% male, 18% female). Based on Cloninger,s treatment and Character Inventory standard questionnaire, a significant differences was observed in novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, self-directive ness, co- operation (p<0.001) and persistence (p<0.013) among offensive and non-offensive drivers. By one score increasing of novelty seeking the chance of to be offencer will be increased 4.5 times (OR= 4.520, p<0.007), in harm avoidance will be half (OR= 0.504, p<0.045) and in reward dependence will be one fourth (OR= 0.278, p<0.033).

 Conclusion: Novelty seeking sub scale of Cloningers treatment and Character Inventory questionnaire was higher and harm avoidance and reward dependence was lower among offensive drivers.


World report on road traffic injury prevention 2004. World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Bank report; 2010; Available from: H, Hassani M, Jamshidi M, Azizi HR. Relationship between characteristic property and driving behaviour in Shiraz city. Hakim. 2008;11:47-54Rothengather T. Psychological aspects of road user behaviours, an international review. Applied psychology. 1997; 46(3): 223-34.Lingard H, Rowlinson S. Lingard H, Rowlinson S. The Wilful Traffic Offender Profile and its implications for education and training. PhD Research Summary, School of Psychology, University of  Exeter, 2000. USA and Canada: Taylor& Francis group; 2005.Burns P C, Wilde G J S. Risk taking in male taxi drivers: relationship among personality, observational data and driver records. Personality and Individual Differences. 1995; 18(2):267-78.Parker D, Reason J T, Manstead A S R, Stradling S. Driving errors, driving violations and accident involvement. Ergonomics. 1995; 38(5): 1038-48. Sommer  M, Herle  M, Hausler  J, Risser  R, Schutzhofer  B, Chaloupka  C. Cognitive and personality determinants of fitness to drive. Transportation of Research Board (TRB) 2008; 11(5):362-75.Sujata M, Patil J T S, Trivellore E R, Raymond C B. The Role of Personality Characteristics in Young Adult Driving.Traffic Inj Prev. 2006; 7(4): 328–34. Jonah BA, Thiessen R, Au-Yeung E. Sensation seeking, risky driving and behavioral adaptation. Accident Analysis & Prevention. 2001; 33(5): 679–84.Ulleberg P, Rundmo T. Personality, attitudes and risk perception as predictors of risky driving behaviour among young drivers. Saf. Sci. 2003; 41(5):427–43.Vassallo S, Smart D, Sanson A, Harrison W, Harris A, Cockfield S and et al. Risky driving among young Australian drivers: trends, precursors and correlates. Accid Anal Prev. 2007; 39(3): 444–58.Sigve O, Torbjørn R. The effects of personality and gender on risky driving behaviour and accident involvement. Saf. Sci. 2006; 44(7): 621-8. Machin M, Anthony S, Kim S. Relationships between young drivers' personality characteristics, risk perceptions, and driving behaviour. Accid Anal Prev. 2008; 40(2): 541-7.Dahlen E R, Martin R C, Ragan K, Kuhlman M M. Driving anger, sensation seeking, impulsiveness, and boredom proneness in the prediction of unsafe driving. Accid Anal Prev. 2005; 37(2): 341-8.Galanter M. Personality and alcoholism: Issues, methods, and etiological processes, Characteristics of children of alcoholics: Putative risk factors. New York: Kluwer Academic/ Plenum; 2005



Characteristic Property, Offensive, Non- Offensive Drivers, Cloninger,s Treatment and Character Inventory.

تمام متن:

PDF (English)