Background: Optimal and appropriate antibiotic prescription for preoperative prophylaxis is an essential issue in hospitals. The nobility of the present study was to determine the rate of optimal antibiotic usage for preoperative prophylaxis in Shahid Beheshti University hospitals in 2014.
Materials and Methods: In this observational cross-sectional study, 200 physicians employed in Shahid Beheshti University hospitals who performed surgical procedures were enrolled in the study and the rate of optimal antibiotic utilization for preoperative prophylaxis was evaluated.
Results: It was obtained that 64% of physicians had appropriate attitude and 41% had sufficient practice. The concordance rate according to the guidelines was medium in 52%, high in 29%, and low in 19%
Conclusion: It was ultimately attained that optimal antibiotic for preoperative prophylaxis is used by nearly half of physicians and also two third have appropriate perspective regarding the antibiotic usage.
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