Background: The most common growth measurement method for assessing the physical condition and health of newborns in a community is the use of anthropometric growth indices. Considering the importance of examining these indices for assessing the health of the fetus before delivery, as well as providing the necessary conditions and selecting the appropriate method for termination of pregnancy according to the maternal and fetal conditions, this issue is important in providing maternal and neonatal health. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between height and weight growth indices of newborns and the number and type of delivery of mothers.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical and logical study, 100 neonates were selected by systematic random sampling among those who referred to Imam Hasan's health center during the years 2014-2016. After selecting the samples, variables such as age of mothers, type of delivery, and number of mothers' delivery, height and weight of mothers were evaluated and then, these data were entered into SPSS 20 software for statistical analysis.
Results: There is a direct and significant relationship between growth indices of newborns, such as height and weight with type and number of delivery of mothers, so that with the increase in height and weight growth indices of newborns, the chance of delivery with cesarean increases. Also, with an increase in the number of deliveries, the probability of newborn births with higher birth height and weight indices increases.
Conclusion: Neonatal growth indices such as height and weight can have an impact on the choice of maternal delivery type, and the number of maternal delivery can effectively differentiate the anthropometric indices of newborns.
Keywords: Body weight, Body height, Infant, Delivery