The Comparison of Depression, Anxiety and Stress between Active and Inactive Old Women in Isfahan

Marziyeh Arman

Abstract


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 Background & Purpose: Aging is a stage of human life which is naturally companied by reducing physical and psychological abilities. Exercise is one of the most effective ways to prevent aging disorders. Exercise and movement postpones aging processes. The old who exercise have better health and vitality.. Accordance with importance of life quality in these ages, this study compares depression, anxiety and stress between active and inactive old women.

             Methodology: The research method was Descriptive Comparative. Statistical population was the old women who attend in Isfahan parks to exercise, as well as old women who attend to spend leisure time without any activity. Convenience sampling was used to select 170 old women as statistical sample. Personal information and activity experiences interviews, demographic questionnaire and depression, anxiety and stress scale (DASS, Lovibond & Lovibond ,1995) were used. The independent t-test was applied to compare depression, anxiety and stress between active and inactive old women.

            Results: The results showed that depression, anxiety and stress between active and inactive old women are significantly different, and active old women compared with inactive ones have less depression, anxiety and stress.

 Discussion: According to these results, exercise and physical activity can help old women reducing depression, anxiety and stress, and to applied as an effective and complementary way besides other common curative interventions to reduce depression, anxiety and stress

     Key words: Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Elderly, Active, Inactive


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/r.m.v3i3.7076

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