The present study was aimed to examine the relationship between parental report about their children’s obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms and thought fusion with the parent-child relationship structure among the adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder. The research method was correlational descriptive and the statistical population included all the adolescents affected by obsessive compulsive disorder in the City of Ardabil during the 2015-2016 year. The sampling method was available sampling so that 83 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder were selected from and the questionnaires were implemented on them. The collected data were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression method. The results showed a significant relationship between the parental report about their children’s obsessive compulsive disorder symptoms and the parent-child relationship structure, but no significant relationship was observed between the thought fusion of the adolescents with obsessive compulsive disorder and the parent-child relationship structure. Therefore, this research showed that using the parental report for detecting OCD in adolescents can be an effective strategy and can be used as a clinical assessment for additional assurance. Also, another important finding highlights the relationship between parent-child relationship structure and parent’s ability to predict their children abnormalities, so investigating family relationships also can be used for better understanding of patient’s problem and needs.
Alonso, P., Menchón, J. M., Mataix-Cols, D., Pifarré, J., Urretavizcaya, M., Crespo, J. M., . . . Vallejo, J. (2004). Perceived parental rearing style in obsessive–compulsive disorder: relation to symptom dimensions. Psychiatry research, 127(3), 267-278.
American Psychiatric, A., American Psychiatric, A., & Force, D. S. M. T. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders : DSM-5.
Amir, N., Freshman, M., Ramsey, B., Neary, E., & Brigidi, B. (2001). Thought–action fusion in individuals with OCD symptoms. Behaviour research and therapy, 39(7), 765-776.
Barrett, P., Farrell, L., Dadds, M., & Boulter, N. (2005). Cognitive-behavioral family treatment of childhood obsessive-compulsive disorder: long-term follow-up and predictors of outcome. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 44(10), 1005-1014.
Berle, D., & Starcevic, V. (2005). Thought–action fusion: Review of the literature and future directions. Clinical psychology review, 25(3), 263-284.
Berman, N. C. (2013). Developmental Experiences in the Prediction of Thought Action Fusion: Contribution of Religious, Familial, and Stress Factors: THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL.
Bigner, J. J. (2002). Parent-child relations: An introduction to parenting: Merrill/Prentice Hall.
Chang, M. (2007). Cultural differences in parenting styles and their effects on teens' self-esteem, perceived parental relationship satisfaction, and self-satisfaction.
Coffman, J. K., Guerin, D. W., & Gottfried, A. W. (2006). Reliability and validity of the Parent-Child Relationship Inventory (PCRI): Evidence from a longitudinal cross-informant investigation. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 209.
Conklin, L. R., Cassiello-Robbins, C., Brake, C. A., Sauer-Zavala, S., Farchione, T. J., Ciraulo, D. A., & Barlow, D. H. (2015). Relationships among adaptive and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and psychopathology during the treatment of comorbid anxiety and alcohol use disorders. Behaviour research and therapy, 73, 124-130.
Foa, E. B., Coles, M., Huppert, J. D., Pasupuleti, R. V., Franklin, M. E., & March, J. (2010). Development and Validation of a Child Version of the Obsessive Compulsive Inventory. Behavior Therapy, 41(1), 121-132. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.beth.2009.02.001
Gwilliam, P., Wells, A., & Cartwright‐Hatton, S. (2004). Dose meta‐cognition or responsibility predict obsessive–compulsive symptoms: a test of the metacognitive model. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 11(2), 137-144.
Koran, L. M. (2000). Quality of life in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 23(3), 509-517.
Mathieu, S. L., Farrell, L. J., Waters, A. M., & Lightbody, J. (2015). An observational study of parent–child behaviours in paediatric OCD: Examining the origins of inflated responsibility. Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, 6, 132-143.
McLeod, B. D., Wood, J. J., & Weisz, J. R. (2007). Examining the association between parenting and childhood anxiety: A meta-analysis. Clinical psychology review, 27(2), 155-172.
Menzies, R. G., & De Silva, P. (2003). Obsessive-compulsive disorder: Theory, research and treatment: John Wiley & Sons.
Pato, M. T., & Zohar, J. (2008). Current treatments of obsessive-compulsive disorder (Vol. 51): American Psychiatric Pub.
Shafran, R., Thordarson, D. S., & Rachman, S. (1996). Thought-action fusion in obsessive compulsive disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 10(5), 379-391.
Spitzer, R. L., Williams, J. B., Gibbon, M., & First, M. B. (1990). User's guide for the structured clinical interview for DSM-III-R: SCID: American Psychiatric Association.
Steketee, G., & Frost, R. O. (1994). Measurement of risk-taking in obsessive-compulsive disorder. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 22(04), 287-298.
Stocker, J. N. M., & Khairia Ghuloum, A. (2014). Parent-child relationships in the United Arab Emirates. International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology.
Storch, E. A., Murphy, T. K., Adkins, J. W., Lewin, A. B., Geffken, G. R., Johns, N. B., . . . Goodman, W. K. (2006). The children's Yale-Brown obsessive–compulsive scale: Psychometric properties of child- and parent-report formats. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 20(8), 1055-1070. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2006.01.006
Yarbro, J., Mahaffey, B., Abramowitz, J., & Kashdan, T. B. (2013). Recollections of parent–child relationships, attachment insecurity, and obsessive–compulsive beliefs. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(3), 355-360.