• Logo
  • SBMUJournals

Impact of education on knowledge and attitude of medical students about the abuse of prescription drugs in Iran

Abolfazl Ghoreish, Mahdi Nobakht, Alireza Arman, Ali Kheradmand




Introduction: The abuse of prescription drugs is considered as an important challenge for societies. Regarding many factors contributing to this challenge and its negative impact especially on young and educated people, there is an attempt in this paper to survey the impact of education on knowledge and attitude of medical students about the abuse of prescription drugs.

Material and Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study, which was conducted on medical students. Two groups of 53 medical students were selected as participants for both intervention group and control group. These participants were studied using the researcher-made questionnaires about knowledge and attitude toward the abuse of prescription drugs.

Results: Education plays a significant role in both raising the students’ awareness and changing their attitude about the abuse of prescription drugs. The age variable had a significant relationship with pre-training knowledge. The female participants had less pre-training knowledge about drug abuse so that it was not observed after intervention.

Discussion: It is suggested that education can be considered as a strategy to prevent drug abuse and reduce the demand for drug abuse by raising the awareness and amending the attitudes as well as promoting the anti-consumption culture.


student Education;Attitude; Knowledge; Abuse; Drugs; Medical


Mohhamadpur A, Fakhari A, Rostami F, Vahidi R, Dastgiri S. Epidemiological study of psychotropic drugs and alcohol consumption amonghigh school male students in Tabriz. Journal ofArdabilUniversity of Medical Sciences. 2007; 4: 400-408.

Melchior M, Chollet A, Elidemir G, Galéra C, Younès N. Unemployment and Substance Use in Young Adults: Does Educational Attainment Modify the Association?. Eur Addict Res 2015;21:115-123

Moghadam H., Farnaghi F, Sarjami S, Zirakzadeh H. The knowledge of medical studens of the Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences about ecstasy. Journal of Medical Sciences of Qannoon.2007; 3: 131-128.

SadrabadAK, ChavoshzadehZ, RadmaneshMH, MahdiA. The effectiveness of healthy behavior training program in students' attitudes towards drug abuse and decrease of vulnerability to addiction. Journal of Substance Abuse Addiction Research. 2010; 14: 76-63.

Asgari S, Amini F, Naderi G, Roozbahani R. Addiction risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Journal of the Birjand University of Medical Sciences. 2009; 15: 40-45.

Studies and Research Office of Drug Control Headquarters. The effect of public education on the prevention of addiction. Journal of Correction and Rehabilitation. 1996; 41: 31-50.

Ayu AP, Schellekens AFA, Iskandar S, Pinxten L, De Jong CAJ. Effectiveness and Organization of Addiction Medicine Training Across the Globe. Eur Addict Res 2015;21:223-239

Malaki E. The prevalence of drug abuse and drug dependence among students in Zanjan. PhD thesis, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, 2007.

Bahreinian SA, Ghaedi GH, Yasemi MT, Seghatoleslam T. Drug abuse among the students of the Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.2004; 53: 66-78.

McCabe S, Knight J, Teter C. Non-medical use of prescription stimulants among US college students: prevalence and correlates from a national survey”. University of Michigan, Substance Abuse Research Center, Ann Arbor, MI, Harvard Medical School and Children’s Hospital Boston, Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research, Boston, MA. 2004.

Hawkins D, Catatano F, Miller J. Risk and protective factor for alcohol and other drug problems in adolescent and early adulthood. Psychol Bull. 1992; 1: 64-105.

Hajebi A, Faridnia P, Zarif M. The effectiveness of education on knowledge and attitude toward substance abuse in the region of South Pars Petrochemical Company. Journal of Occupational Medicine Specialist. 2009; 1: 14-19.

Serajzadeh H, Feizi A. Drug and alcohol use among students in public universities in 2001. Journal of Social Welfare. 2007; 25: 85-110.

Fathi Y, Barati M. Investigation of the abuse of tramadol and its associated factors in students of three higher education centers in the city of Hamedan. Journal of Hamedan Medical Sciences, 2012, vol 18, no3.

Saeedi SN, Moafagh G, Setayesh Y. Benzodiazepine use pattern in the city of Mashhad. Journal of Epidemiology. 2007; 7: 60-66.

MahdiF. High-risk behavior among students of city of Zanjan. Doctoral thesis. Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, 2012.

WalshR A, Sanson RW, Roche AM. Teaching medical students alcohol intervention skills: results of a controlled trial. Medical Education. 1999; 8: 559–565.


  • There are currently no refbacks.