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Relationship between forward head posture with neck pain and disability

Zeinab Raoofi, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Anita Emrani, Arsalan Ghorbanpour




Background and Purpose: One of the most common poor posture in the head and neck region is the forward head posture (FHP). It seems that existence improper posture for a long period of time cause abnormal physiological load on the neck. So the result can be Neck Pain (NP). The aim of this study was to compare the relationship between intensity of FHP with a history and intensity of NP and disability in cervical region.

Material and Methods: 31 female Student with FHP and history of mild NP corporate in this study. The craniovertebral angle (CVA) was measured by taking photos with a digital camera in standing and sitting positions. Intensity of pain by using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the severity of disability with Neck Disability Index (NDI) were investigated.

Results: There was a significant positive relationship between the CVA in standing and sitting positions and negative correlation between CVA in both standing and sitting position with the intensity and history of NP and severity of disability.

Conclusion: Postural habits will be affected to prevention of NP. Also, postural correction training in subjects with FHP and NP, beside pain decrement methods, can help to reduce pain and disability in these subjects.

Keywords: forward head head posture, neck pain, neck disability index



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