The Relationship between Shift Work and Burnout among ICU Nursing Staff in Hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Background: Recent studies have indicated the high prevalence of burnout among nursing staff. Shift work is one of the characteristics of the nursing job; therefore, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between shift work and burnout among intensive care unit (ICU) nursing staff in hospitals of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytic study of cross-sectional type was carried out the period of 2017-2018. The research population was of all nursing staff in the intensive care unit (ICU) in 7 public hospitals and 5 private hospitals. The sample size was 320 nursing staff that was surveyed by census method. To collect data, Maslach burnout inventory (with 78% and reliability and internal validity ranges from 71% to 92 %) and demographic profile questionnaire were used. All statistical analyses analyzed by SPSS software. Results: There was a significant relationship between emotional exhaustion and rotational shift work. There was no significant relationship between emotional exhaustion and night shift. There was a significant relationship between depersonalization and morning shifts in public hospitals. The shift component was only significant in the work shift of the evening and night of public hospitals with personal accomplishment as well. Conclusion: The shift work was considered as an effective factor in the burnout of nursing staff in ICU. By utilizing the results of the study, we can reduce the effects of shift work and make an appropriate intervention plan for promoting staff health.
Kaygobadi S. Nursing stressors in nurses of Tehran nursing and midwifery faculties. Edu Med Sci. 2002;5:61.
Hosseininejad SM, Aminiahidashti H, Montazer SH, Elyasi F, Moosazadeh M, Ahmadi N. Job burnout among the emergency department nurses of medical training centers affiliated to Mazandaran university of medical sciences. Iranian Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2016;3(4):125-31.
Malliarou MM, Moustaka EC, Konstantinidis TC. Burnout of nursing personnel in a reginal university hospital. Health Science Journal. 2008;2(3).
Zamini S, Hosseini Nasab D, Zarei P. The relationship between organizational culture and job satisfaction and job burnout among the employees in Tabriz University. Iran occupational health. 2011;8(1):30-40.
Talaei A, Mokhber N, Mohammad–Nejad M, Samari A. Burnout and its related factors in staffs of university hospitals in Mashhad in 2006. Koomesh. 2008;9(3):237-46.
Delpasand M, Raeissi P, Begdeli F, Shahabi M. The impact of job rotation on nurses burnout in Ayatollah Kashani hospital, Tehran: A case study. Iran Occupational Health. 2011;7(4):2-0.
Rahimi A, Ahmadi F, Akhond M. An investigation of amount and factors affecting nurses’ job stress in some hospitals in Tehran. Journal of hayat. 2004;10(3):13-22.
Lachman VD. Stress management: A manual for nurses: Saunders; 1983.
Gutiérrez LSC, Rojas PL, Tovar SS, Tirado JGO, Cotoñieto IAM, García LH. Burnout syndrome among Mexican hospital nursery staff. Revista medica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social. 2005;43(1):11-5.
Barrett L, Yates P. Oncology/haematology nurses: a study of job satisfaction, burnout, and intention to leave the specialty. Australian Health Review. 2002;25(3):109-21.
Sotodeh Asl N, Bakhtiari AH. Occupational exhaustion and its related factors in nurses and midwives of Semnan University of Medical Sciences. Scientific Journal of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences. 2006;11(1):77-83.
MosavianAsl Z, BabaeiPouya A, Karimi A. The Relationship between Shift Work and Occupational Burnout among Nurses in a Teaching Hospital in Ahvaz. Occupational Hygiene and Health Promotion Journal. 2017;1(2):118-28.
Massoudi R, Aetemadifar S, Afzali SM, Khayri F, Hassanpour Dehkordi A. The influential factors on burnout among nurses working in private hospitals in Tehran. Iranian journal of nursing research. 2008;3(9):47-58.
Frese M, Okonek K. Reasons to leave shiftwork and psychological and psychosomatic complaints of former shiftworkers. Journal of Applied Psychology. 1984;69(3):509.
Filian E. Evaluation of burnout and its correlation with coping mechanisms in nurses of educational hospitals of Tehran [dissertation]. Tehran University of Medical Sciences. 1993;45.
Ezzati E, Anooshe M. Assessment of nursing burnout in practical nursing in Kermanshah hospitals: Thesis for master of science. Tehran, Tarbiat Modares University 2005: 3-18; 2005.
Hakim SM, Arabgol F, Khajeh AN, Elahi F. The relationship between burnout syndrome in mothers in nursing career and their children's behaivioral problems. 2004:67-72.
Habibi E, Dadkhah Tehrani S. Ghareh baei S, Mahaki B. A survey of the relationship between shift work and job burnout in nurse staff of Alzahra hospital application maslach’s burnout questionnaire. J Health Syst Res. 2015;11(1):77-87.