• Logo
  • SBMUJournals

Explaining the Structural Model of Social Anxiety Based on Early Maladaptive Schemas and Family Performance

Himan Naderzadeh, Mahdieh Salehi, Marjan Ja’fari Roshan, Roya Kochak Entezar



Background: The purpose of study was to determine the mediation role of early maladaptive schemas in the relationship between family performance and social anxiety features of students.
Materials and Methods: This study utilized a descriptive correlational design and statistical population of this study was included of all students of Marivan city, with the quantity of 4134 in 2016-2017, through them by an available sampling, 400 students were selected. Research tools were family assessment device by Epstein et al (1983), schema questionnaire- short form by Young (1990), social anxiety by Connor et al (2000).
Results: Results showed that early maladaptive schemas mediate the relationship between family performances and social anxiety features (β=0.52, p=0.001).
Conclusion: Since parental behaviors is one of the most important affecting factors on early maladaptive schemas and formulation of social anxiety features subsequently; Therefore it is necessary for the prevention and treatment of social anxiety disorder pay special attention to the parent’s behaviors and early maladaptive schemas.


Early maladaptive schemas, Family performance, Social anxiety features


Hallinger RP, Whitburne SC. Psychiatric pathology. Yahya Seyed Mohammadi translation. Tehran, Tehran; 2013.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th Ed). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association; 2013.

Aderka IM, Hofmann SG, Nickerson A, Hermesh H, Gilboa-Schechtman E, Marom S. Functional impairment in social anxiety disorder. Journal of anxiety disorders. 2012;26(3):393-400.

Connor KM, Davidson JR, Churchill LE, Sherwood A, Foa E, Weisler RH. Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). New self-rating scale. The British journal of psychiatry: the journal of mental science. 2000;176:379-86.

Ghodsi A, Sirihi N, Hossefi A. The relationship between the motivation of progress with the early maladaptive schemas and the family's emotional atmosphere. Applied Psychology Quarterly. 2014;8(4th Episode 32):111-31.

Asgarpour F, Karbala'i MM, Taghighlo S. The role of child mediation in the relationship between parenting styles and adaptive cognitive adaptive excitement in child labor. Applied Psychology Quarterly. 2015;9(1 Episode 33):103-21.

Sarmad Z, Bazargan A, Hejazi G. Research Methods in Behavioral Sciences. Tehran: Awareness, Twenty-Fourth Edition; 2012.

Rahimi-Nejad A, Paknejad M. Relationship between Family Performance and Psychological Needs with Mental Health of Adolescents. Family Research. 2014;10(37):99-111.

Mousavi, Sayyid Fatemeh. The role of family function (based on McMaster's model) in predicting the attitude of conscientious and agreeing couples in families of Qazvin. Quarterly journal of family counseling and psychotherapy. 2012;3(3):401-18.

Hajian Moghadam F, Salehi Amiri R, Ghaffari Gh. Design a solid family pattern. Journal of Social Studies of Iran. 2017;11(1):36-68.

Esmali Kooraneh A, Amirsardari L. Predicting Early Maladaptive Schemas Using Baumrind's Parenting Styles. Iranian journal of psychiatry and behavioral sciences 2015;9(2):e952.

Fashengchi N, Karbala'i MM, Bahrami Hidji M. The role of mediator of self-identified personality traits and interpersonal problems in the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and the use of anabolic steroids in athletes. Journal of Sport Psychology Studies. 2017;7(24):17-34.

Yang J, Colosseau J, Vishar MJ. Schema Therapy. Translation by Hassan Hamidpour and Zahra Endouz. Tehran, Arjmand; 2010.

Orue I, Calvete E, Padilla P. Brooding rumination as a mediator in the relation between early maladaptive schemas and symptoms of depression and social anxiety in adolescents. Journal of adolescence. 2014;37(8):1281-91.

Calvete E. Emotional abuse as a predictor of early maladaptive schemas in adolescents: contributions to the development of depressive and social anxiety symptoms. Child Abuse & Neglect. 2014;38(4):735-46.

Sarıtaş Atalar D, Gençöz T. The mediating role of early maladaptive schemas in the relationship between maternal rejection and psychological problems. Turkish journal of psychiatry. 2015;26(1):40-7.

Ghani FBA, Kamal SLA, Aziz AA. The Implication of Parenting Styles on the Akhlak of Muslim Teenagers in the South of Malaysia. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014;114:761-5.

Matejevic M, Jovanovic D, Ilic M. Patterns of Family Functioning and Parenting Style of Adolescents with Depressive Reactions. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2015;185:234-9.

González-Jiménez AJ, Hernández-Romera MM. Early Maladaptive Schemas in Adolescence: A Quantitative Study. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2014;132:504-8.

Bacher J, Minka S, Holi J. Psychiatric pathology. Yahya Seyed Mohammadi translation. Tehran: Arasbaran; 2015.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/nbm.v7i3.25239