پیش‌بینی تعهد زناشویی بر اساس ویژگی‌های شخصیت، سبک‌های دلبستگی و جهت‌گیری دینی در دانشجویان متأهل

مسعود صادقی, سارا قادری جاوید, بیتا شلانی
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چکیده

سابقه و هدف: تعهد زناشویی زوجین در پایداری نظام خانواده نقش بسیار مهمی دارد و عوامل متعددی بر آن تأثیر می‌گذارد. پژوهش حاضر در جهت آشکار ساختن برخی از این عوامل با هدف پیش‌بینی تعهد زناشویی بر پایه‌ی ویژگی‌های شخصیت، جهت‌گیری دینی و سبک‌های دلبستگی در دانشجویان انجام شد.

روش کار: این پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه‌ی آماری شامل تمامی دانشجویان زن متأهل دانشگاه لرستان در سال تحصیلی 95-1394 بود که با استفاده از فرمول کوکران، تعداد 200 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس، انتخاب شدند. داده‌های پژوهش با بهره‌گیری از پرسش‌نامه­های تعهد زناشویی آدامز جونز (DCI)، ویژگی‌های شخصیت (NEO)، سبک دلبستگی بزرگسالان کالینز و رید و جهت‌گیری دینی آلپورت گردآوری؛ و با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی و رگرسیون گام‌به‌گام تجزیه ‌و تحلیل شد.

یافتهها: یافته­ها نشان داد که ویژگی‌های شخصیت به میزان 37/28F= در سطح 001/0P<، سبک‌های دلبستگی به میزان 44/24F= در سطح 05/0P< و همچنین جهت‌گیری دینی به میزان 65/18F= در سطح 001/0P<، میزان تعهد زناشویی را پیش‌بینی کردند. از میان این متغیّرها، سبک­های دلبستگی، پیش­بینی‌کننده‌ی­ بهتری برای تعهد زناشویی بود.

نتیجهگیری: نتایج پژوهش نشان‌دهنده‌ی این است که ویژگی­های شخصیتی افراد، سبک­های دلبستگیِ شکل‌گرفته در محیط خانواده و همچنین جهت‌گیری دینی آنها بر روابط میان­فردی و تعهد زناشویی زوجین در بزرگسالی تأثیر می‌گذارد. از این نتایج می‌توان برای یافتن راهکارهایی در جهت حفظ و گسترش روابط ثمربخش در بین زوجین و آموزش و آگاهی دادن بهتر به افراد برای شناخت یکدیگر استفاده کرد.

استناد مقاله به این صورت است:

Sadeghi M, Ghaderijavid S,Shalani B. Prediction of Marital Commitment based on Personality Traits, Attachment Styles, and Religious Orientation in Married Students. J Res Relig Health. 2019; 5(3):doi: 18- 31.  https://doi.org/10.22037/jrrh.v5i3.20209

 


موضوع

تعهد زناشویی؛ جهت‌گیری دینی؛ دانشجویان متأهل؛ سبک‌های دلبستگی؛ ویژگی‌های شخصیت

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/jrrh.v5i3.20209

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