بررسی نگرش مذهبی در دانشجویان سال اول و آخر رشته‌ی پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز و رابطه‌ی آن با عزّت نفس

عبدالحسین شکورنیا, مریم بنی اسد
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سابقه و هدف: نگرش مذهبی و عزّت نفس مقوله‌هایی هستند که در تمام جنبه‌هاي زندگی بشر تأثیر بسزایی دارند و پژوهش‌های بسیاری دراین‌باره انجام شده است. این مطالعه با هدف بررسی نگرش مذهبی و عزّت نفس در دانشجویان رشته‌ی پزشکی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی جندی شاپور اهواز و رابطه‌ی بین این دو متغیّر صورت گرفته است.

روش کار: در این مطالعه‌ی توصیفی-تحلیلی، 197 نفر از دانشجویان سال اول و آخر رشته‌ی پزشکی به روش تمام‌شماری، انتخاب و بررسی شدند. داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه‌های استاندارد نگرش‌سنج مذهبی گلریز و براهنی و عزّت نفس روزنبرگ جمع‌آوری شد. تجزیه ‌و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون‌های آماری ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، آزمون تی و من ویتنی انجام شد. در این پژوهش همه‌ی موارد اخلاقی رعایت شده است و نویسندگان مقاله هیچ‌گونه تضاد منافعی گزارش نکرده‌اند.

یافتهها: میانگین سن دانشجویان سال اول 94/0±93/18 و سال آخر 28/1±59/24؛ و میانگین نمره‌ی نگرش مذهبی و عزّت نفس دانشجویان از حداکثر 100 و 40 به‌ترتیب 56/10±42/60 و 92/5 ±51/26 بود. علاوه‌براین، میانگین و انحراف معیار نمرات نگرش مذهبی دانشجویان سال اول و آخر پزشکی نیز به‌ترتیب 01/10±39/63 و 35/10±55/57 بود که این تفاوت از نظر آماری معنی‌دار بود (001/0>p). همچنین میانگین و انحراف معیار نمرات عزّت نفس دانشجویان سال اول و آخر پزشکی به‌ترتیب 14/6±58/26 و 71/5±43/26 بود که این تفاوت از نظر آماری معنی‌دار نبود (85/0=p). ضریب همبستگی پیرسون نیز نشان داد که بین نگرش مذهبی و عزّت نفس رابطه‌ی مثبت معنی‌دار (156/0= rو 032/0=p)؛ و بین نگرش مذهبی و سن رابطه‌ی منفی و معنی‌داری وجود داشت (293/0-= r و 001/0=p).

نتیجهگیری: نتایج نشان داد که میزان نگرش مذهبی دانشجویان پزشکی در بدو ورود به دانشگاه بسیار زیاد بود اما در پایان تحصیل کاهش یافته بود. ازاین‌رو، شناسايي عوامل كاهش‌دهنده‌ی نگرش مذهبی دانشجویان و اجرای برنامه‌های راهبردی می‌تواند زمینه‌‌ی تقویت باورهای دینی را فراهم کند.

استناد مقاله به این صورت است:

Shakurnia A,Baniasad M.Religious Attitude in First and Last Year Medical Students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences and its Relationship with Self-esteem. J Res Relig Health. 2019; 5(3): 5- 17. doi: https://doi.org/10.22037/jrrh.v5i3.17392


موضوع

خودکارایی؛ دانشجویان پزشکی؛ دین؛ عزّت نفس؛ نگرش مذهبی

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/jrrh.v5i3.17392

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