The effect of increased manufacturing rate on risk of low back pain

Saeid Ahmadi, Sajad Zare, Reza Ghanbari, Sahar Bahrami, Vida Zaroushani



The blood bank unit is one of the most important and fundamental units in every hospital especially in emergency situations. Lack of access to medical records related to individual’s blood transfusion can postpone blood transfusion when it is essentially needed which can in turn increase patients' risks. Meanwhile, the role of a blood bank information system is crucial in accessing this information, thereby improving the quality of available care. This research was conducted to determine the status of the blood bank information system of the hospitals affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.This descriptive- practical study investigated the blood bank information systems of 11 hospitals affiliated to Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in 2015. Data collection was performed through observation and interview, using a checklist and questionnaire. The validity of the instrument was determined through content validity and its reliability was confirmed through retesting. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics.All blood bank information systems under investigation were semi-mechanized. It was impossible to send the full reports electronically and to present dynamic reports. The blood bank staff were not aware of the existence and significance of the relevant standards and no specific blood bank software were used.Mechanized blood bank information systems bring about effective communication in various health care organizations. They lead to the application of relevant novel technologies while increasing patients’ safety and satisfaction.


: Manual material handling, composite lifting index, risk of low back pain, lifting frequency

Full Text:




Deros, B.M., D.D.I. Daruis, and I.M. Basir, A Study on Ergonomic Awareness among Workers Performing Manual Material Handling Activities. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2015. 195: p. 1666-1673.

Faghih, M.A., et al., Assessment Manual Material Handling in foundries Hamadan with tables Snouck. Iran Occupational Health Journal, 2013. 10(1).

Nurmianto, E., et al., Manual Handling Problem Identification in Mining Industry: An Ergonomic Perspective. Procedia Manufacturing, 2015. 4: p. 89-97.

McDermott, H., et al., Investigation of manual handling training practices in organisations and beliefs regarding effectiveness. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2012. 42(2): p. 206-211.

Wahyudi, M.A., W.A.P. Dania, and R.L.R. Silalahi, Work Posture Analysis of Manual Material Handling Using OWAS Method. Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia, 2015. 3: p. 195-199.

Zurada, J., Classifying the risk of work related low back disorders due to manual material handling tasks. Expert Systems with Applications, 2012. 39(12): p. 11125-11134.

Hsiang, S.M., G.E. Brogmus, and T.K. Courtney, Low back pain (LBP) and lifting technique — A review. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 1997. 19(1): p. 59-74.

Ramond-Roquin, A., et al., Biomechanical constraints remain major risk factors for low back pain. Results from a prospective cohort study in French male employees. The Spine Journal, 2015. 15(4): p. 559-569.

jebeli, b., et al., Study the effects of life events on low back pain in the automotive industry Personnel

Occupational Medicine. 7(3).

Dong, J., et al., Analgecine, the extracts of Vaccinia-inoculated rabbit skin, effectively alleviates the chronic low back pain with little side effect – A randomized multi-center double-blind placebo-controlled phase 3 clinical trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, 2016. 2: p. 16-24.

Saremi, M. and F. Khayati, Evaluate the incidence of low back pain and its association with ergonomic risk level among nurses wards. Modern Rehabilitation. 9(4).

Sheahan, P.J., T.L. Diesbourg, and S.L. Fischer, The effect of rest break schedule on acute low back pain development in pain and non-pain developers during seated work. Applied Ergonomics, 2016. 53, Part A: p. 64-70.

Santos, J., et al., The influence of task design on upper limb muscles fatigue during low-load repetitive work: A systematic review. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2016. 52: p. 78-91.

Varmazyar, S., H. Sayraf, and A. Nikpay, Assessing the recommended weight limit

in manual carrying of loads in

packaging lines of a factory in Qazvin Journal of Qazvin Universityof Medical Sciences., 2011. 15.

Ciriello, V.M., Does wearing a non-expanding weight lifting belt change psychophysically determined maximum acceptable weights and forces. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2008. 38(11–12): p. 1045-1050.

Afshary D, H.M., Amozade M, Complex evaluation index based on lifting equation NIOSH Lifting beverage industries making Ahvaz Iran University of Medical Science Bulletin.

Waters, T.R., S.L. Baron, and K. Kemmlert, Accuracy of measurements for the revised NIOSH lifting equation. Applied Ergonomics, 1998. 29(6): p. 433-438.

Okimoto, M.L.L.R. and E.R. Teixeira, Proposed procedures for measuring the lifting task variables required by the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation – A case study. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2009. 39(1): p. 15-22.

Chung, M.K. and D. Kee, Evaluation of lifting tasks frequently performed during fire brick manufacturing processes using NIOSH lifting equations. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2000. 25(4): p. 423-433.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

"Journal of Paramdedical Sciences", is a publication of "School of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences" and "Iranian Society of Medical Proteomics".

"Journal of Paramdedical Sciences" is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


EISSN: 2008-4978

PISSN: 2008-496X