• Logo
  • SBMUJournals

Hypermagnesemia and Dilated Cardiomyopathy in a 10-year-old Male Patient on Hemodialysis, A Case Report

Mohsen Akhavansepahi, Rozita Hoseini
40

Views

PDF

Abstract

A combination of hypermagnesemia, dilated cardiomyopathy, hypertension, and chronic renal frailer is a rare presentation in children. One of important and rare side effects of chronic renal frailer is hypermagnesemia. In this article, we discuss the association between hypermagnesemia and cardiomyopathy and how patients with none oliguric chronic renal failure develop hypermagnesemia. A 10-year-old boy presented to our PICU ward with chief complaints of respiratory distress, lethargy, and weakness since three days ago. On physical examination, the patient had respiratory distress and was hypertensive and ill.

Keywords: Hypertension; Hypermagnesemia; Cardiomyopathy.

Keywords

Hypertension; Hypermagnesemia; Cardiomyopathy.

References

Oliver Devuyst, Hendrica Belge, Martin Konrad, Xavier Jeunemaitre, Maria-Christina Zennaro. Renal Tubular Disorders of Electrolyte Regulation in Children.In: Avner E D, Harmon W E, Niaudet P, N Yoshikawa N, F Emma, S L. Goldstein. Pediatric Nephrology, 7th edition; Saunders, Philadelphia- 2016, p 1226-1252.

Rajasreem Sreedharan, Ellis D. Avner. Chronic Kidney Disease. In: Elder J, Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB. Nelson textbook of pediatrics 17th edition, Philadelphia: W.B Saunders company 2011,1818- 1825.

Larry A. Greenbaum. Magnesium.In: Elder J, Behrman RE, Kliegman RM, Jenson HB. Nelson textbook of pediatrics 21th edition, Philadelphia: W.B Saunders company 2020,404- 408.

Marquardt P, Späth M, Ebel H, Schumacher KA. Improvement by chlorine of the intestinal absorption of inorganic and organic Mg compounds and of their protective effect against adrenergic cardiopathy. Recent Adv Stud Cardiac Struct Metab. 1975;6:11-9.

Haider DG1, Lindner G2, Ahmad SS2, Sauter T2, Wolzt M3, Leichtle AB4, Fiedler GM4, Exadaktylos AK2, Fuhrmann V5. Hypermagnesemia is a strong independent risk factor for mortality in critically ill patients: results from a cross-sectional study. Eur J Intern Med. 2015 Sep;26(7):504-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejim.2015.05.013. Epub 2015 Jun 3.

Lacson E Jr, Wang W2, Ma L3, Passlick-Deetjen J. Serum Magnesium and Mortality in Hemodialysis Patients in the United States: A Cohort Study. Am J Kidney Dis. 2015 Dec;66(6):1056-66. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2015.06.014. Epub 2015 Jul 17.

Raymond Vanholder,1,* Steven Van Laecke,1 Griet Glorieux,1 Francis Verbeke,1 Esmeralda Castillo-Rodriguez,2and Alberto Ortiz2 Deleting Death and Dialysis: Conservative Care of Cardio-Vascular Risk and Kidney Function Loss in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Toxins (Basel). 2018 Jun; 10(6): 237.

Mana Nishikawa, Noriaki Shimada, Motoko Kanzaki, , et al. The characteristics of patients with hypermagnesemia who underwent emergency hemodialysis. Acute Med Surg. 2018 Jul; 5(3): 222–229.

Giménez-Mascarell P, Schirrmacher CE, Martínez-Cruz LA, Müller D. Novel Aspects of Renal Magnesium Homeostasis. Front Pediatr. 2018 Apr 9;6:77.

Okuno S. Magnesium disorder and its clinical significance in chronic kidney disease. Clin Calcium. 2012 Aug;22(8):1243-9.

Hénaut L, Chillon JM, Kamel S, Massy ZA. Updates on the Mechanisms and the Care of Cardiovascular Calcification in Chronic Kidney Disease. Semin Nephrol. 2018 May;38(3):233-250.

John R. Purvis, Assad Movahed, Magnesium Disorders and Cardiovascular Diseases. Clin. Cardiol (1992).vl. 5, 556-568. N Engl J Med. 1980 Mar 6;302(10):547-51.

Kurnik BR1, Marshall J, Katz SM. Hypomagnesemia-induced cardiomyopathy. Magnesium. 1988;7(1):49-53.

Jack F. Price, Aamir Jeewa, Susan W. Denfield. Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Cardiomyopathies in Children. Curr Cardiol Rev. 2016 May; 12(2): 85–98.

Dimitrios A. Avramides, Stefan S. Ionitsa, Fotis K. Panou, et al. Dilated Cardiomyopathy and Hypoparathyroidism: Complete Recovery after Hypocalcemia Correction. Hellenic J Cardiol 2003.44: 150-154.

Jack F. Price, Aamir Jeewa, Susan W. Denfield. Clinical Characteristics and Treatment of Cardiomyopathies in Children. Curr Cardiol Rev. 2016 May; 12(2): 85–98.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/jpn.v7i2.25255

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.