Shiraz Pharmaceutical Students’ Knowledge about Pharmacy Professional Ethics

Hossein Kholghipour, Ali Dehshahri, Hossein Mahmoudian, Parisa Nabeiei

Abstract


77

Introduction: In the medical community, ethics is important in this profession and pharmacy, like other branches of medical sciences, and requires attention. We aimed to examine the level of students’ knowledge of the Pharmacy Faculty of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences from the principles of professional ethics recommended by the American Pharmacy Association in their ethical codes, especially the principles of patient rights.
Methods: This was a descriptive-observational cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of 162 Pharmacy students from the 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and final semesters of the Faculty of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences who were willing to participate in the study. To collect data, a questionnaire containing 18 questions was used. The validity and reliability of this questionnaire was confirmed by expert faculty members of the Medical Ethics Department and the Faculty of Pharmacy, as well as the statistics expert. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software (version 23).
Results: According to Pearson test, there was a significant relationship between knowledge level and academic semester and year of entrance (P<0.05). 87 (53.7%) students participated in the workshop and 75 (46.3%) did not participate in the workshop. According to the K2 test, there was a significant relationship between knowledge and participation in the workshop (P<0.05). 14 (8.6%) students had moderate knowledge level, 68 (42%) had good knowledge level and 80 (49.4%) had very good knowledge.
Conclusion: Because of the necessity and importance of observing ethics and behavior in their professional and job scopes, pharmacy service providers, especially pharmacists, should be aware of the principles of professional ethics and patient rights, and adhere to it. Accordingly, in addition to the necessity of quantitative and qualitative improvement of continuing education in the PhD degree course in pharmacy, the training framework should be arranged and planned in a way that, in addition
to transferring knowledge to students, leads to the creation of a positive attitude and, ultimately, an increase in their skills.
Keywords: PROFESSIONAL ETHICS, MEDICAL ETHICS, ETHICS IN PHARMACY

Keywords


PROFESSIONAL ETHICS, MEDICAL ETHICS, ETHICS IN PHARMACY

Full Text:

PDF

73

References


Ahmed SI, Hassali MA, Aziz NA. An assessment of the knowledge, attitudes, and risk perceptions of pharmacy students regarding HIV/AIDS. Am J Pharm Educ. 2009;73(1):15. Doi: 10.5688/aj730115

Malaeb D, Hallit S, Salameh P. Assessment of vitamin D levels, awareness among Lebanese pharmacy students, and impact of pharmacist counseling. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2017;7(1):55-62. Doi: 10.1016/j. jegh.2016.09.001

Jolaee S, Bakhshandeh B, Mohammadebrahim M, Asgarzadeh M, Vasheghanifarahani A, Shariat E, et al . Nursing code of ethics in Iran: The report of an action research. J Med Ethics Hist Med. 2010;3(2):46-52.

Horton K, Tschudin V, Forget A. The value of nursing: a literature review. Nurs Ethics. 2007;14(6):716-40. Doi: 10.1177/0969733007082112

Fitzgerald L, van Hooft S. A socratic dialogue on the question ‘what is love in nursing? Nurs Ethics. 2000;7(6):481-91. Doi: 10.1177/096973300000700604

Singer PA, Pellegrino ED, Siegler M. Clinical ethics revisited. BMC Med Ethics. 2001;2:E1. Doi: 10.1186/1472-6939-2-1

Shiraz B, Shamim MS, Shamim MS, Ahmed A. Medical ethics in surgical wards: knowledge, attitude and practice of surgical team members in Karachi. Indian J Med Ethics. 2005;2(3):94-6. Doi:10.20529/IJME.2005.048

Lledo R, Salas L, Gonzalez M, Rodriguez T, Sanchez M, Ranz M, et al. The rights of the hospital patient: the knowledge and perception of their fulfillment on the part of the professional. The Group in Catalonia of the Spanish Society of Care for the Health Services User. Rev Clin Esp.1998;198(11):730-5.

Hariharan S, Jonnalagadda R, Walrond E, Moseley H. Knowledge, attitudes and practice of healthcare ethics and law among doctors and nurses in Barbados. BMC Med Ethics. 2006;7:E7. Doi:

1186/1472-6939-7-7

Lopez de la Pena XA. Medical attitude and legal concepts about some patient rights. Rev Invest Clin. 1995;47(1):5-12. (Article in Spanish)

Rogler G, Frohlich G. Ethical problems in clinical practice of evidencebased medicine. Praxis (Bern 1994). 2009;98(14):757-64. (Article in German) Doi: 10.1024/1661-8157.98.14.757.

Garbin CA, Garbin AJ, Saliba NA, de Lima DC, de Macedo AP. Analysis of the ethical aspects of professional confidentiality in dental practice. J Appl Oral Sci. 2008;16(1):75-80. Doi: 10.1590/

s1678-77572008000100015

Ranjbar M, Sameyeh zargar A, Dehghani A. Students’ awareness of patients’ right in teaching hospitals of Yazd. ijme. 2010;3(5 and 1):51-60. (Article in Persian)

Dargahi H, Eshaqi Sh. Motale’eye tatbighiye manshoore hoghooghe bimar dar keshvarhaye montakhab ba keshvare Iran. Iranian Journal of Diabetes and Metabolism. 2007;7:91-8. (Article in

Persian)

Salimi Gh, Yarmohammadian MH, Baluchestani Asl M. Agahi va ra’ayate manshoore hoghooghe bimar tavassote karkonane marakeze darman ta’mine ejtemaieye ostane Isfahan. Journal

of Health Information Management. 2006;6:63-72. (Article in Persian)

Zarei A, Arab M, Akbari F. Managers’ knowledge on patient rights in Tehran hospitals. Journal of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. 2007;11(3):65-71. (Article in Persian)

Haghi M. Comparison of nurses and health care workers’ knowledge about the principles of administering psychological drugs in mental hospitals affiliated to the Ministry of Health and Medical Education [Dissertation]. Tehran: Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences; 1988.

Jolaee S, Hajibabai F. Manshoore hoghooghe bimaran: Moroori bar motale’ate anjam shode dar Iran. Medical Ethics and History of Medicine. 2010;3:23-33. (Article in Persian)

Haghi M. (dissertation). Moghayeseye mizane agaahiye parastaran va behyarane shaghel az osoole tajvize daroohaye ravani dar bimarestanhaye ravaniye vabasteh be vezarate behdasht, darman va amoozeshe pezeshkiye Tehran. Tehran: Tehran University of Medical Sciences, 1988:1-12. (Dissertation in Persian)




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/jme.v17i3.21877

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.