Study habits and skills, and academic achievement of students in Kerman University of medical sciences

Esmat Noohi, A Shakoori, N Nakhei



Background and purpose: Study skills is one important factor influencing academic achievement of students . We must replace ineffective models and habits of study with more fruitful skills in order to gain better learning. This study investigates the study skills and habits of medical students and their educational achievement.
Methods: Based on a pilot study the sample size was estimates as 400. Systematic cluster sampling based on medical school registry of students was used. The subjects were medical sciences students of different program. Data gathered with a researcher – made questioner of study skills containing five part including demographic question ; 14 items on planning and time management; 20 on active reading , 8 on concentration and 18 on note taking; and 20 on study habits.
Results: The mean score was 163/1±28/2 (range 50-250) for study skill and 25/6±6/86 (range 20-60) for study habits. The mean scores of students for different components of study skills were 16.89±1.7 for planning and time management (Possible of 14-70), 59.1±14.1 for reading comprehension and speed (20-100), 19.8±6.6 for concentration (8-40), and 46.43±13.8 for note taking (18-90).The major defects in students’ study skills were planning and time management followed by concentration and note taking skills. Study skills had a significant correlation with educational achievement (r = 0.101, P < 0.05) while study habits correlation with educational achievement was not significant (r = 0.085, P > 0.05). Although males scored slightly better in study habits and all components of study skills but this superiority was only significant for reading comprehension and speed.
Conclusion: Students need to learn study skills early in their university life. results showed weakness in study habits and study skill and deficit in planning and time management ,concentration and note taking skill. We suggest educational course or workshop about university skills for students.
Key words: Study skill , Academic Achievement, Students Learning


Study skill , Academic Achievement, Students Learning

Full Text:




Othis D, Morise AB. How to study to become successful students[Farsi translation] . Alrasoul A. translator. Tehran Agah Publications; 1995.

Seif A. Methods of learning and study [Farsi]. Tehran: Agah publication; 1997.

Drew S, Bingham R. The student skill guide. Gower;1998.

Yazdani S, Hossein F. Graduate medical degree program 2004, 4th ed. Tehran: SBMU Education Development center; 2004.

York University, counsulting and development center: learning skills program. [cited 2006

Agu 10]. Available from:

Ferrum college academic resource: center study skills on the Web. [cited 2006 Agu 10].

Available from:

Study tips from the student learning center at the university of California at Berkeley.

[cited 2006 Agu 10]. Availa ble from:

Study skills self-help information. [cited 2006 Agu 10]. Available from:

Reid WA, Duvall E, Evans P. Can we influence medical students’ approaches to learning?

Med Teach 2005; 27(5): 401-7.

Peniston LC. Strategies on time management for college students with learning disabilities. Nov 1994

[cited 2006 Agu 10]. Available from: URL:

Richards P,Staykel S. Learning in medicine [Farsi translation] Nikzad m, translator. Teharan: Ministry of health and Medical Education;2003

Kamkar A. Study skills of groups of Yasooj medical students. Proceedings of fourth national medical education conference in Isfahan. Isfahan: Isfahan university of Medical Sciences; 2000.

Nikzad M. The guide book for medical educa¬tion in Iran. Tehran: Deputy Health Minister for Medical Education; 2003.

Khodkamegi J, Danaie G, Damari B. Centers for academic skill training. Available from Secre-tariat for higher council of Medical sciences cur¬riculum development.

Mardanian F, Kazeroonizadeh M. Study meth¬ods used by students, interns, and residents of Gy¬necology ward of Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Isfa¬han. Iran J Med Edu [Farsi] 2004; 10: 73-6.

Shariati B. Attitudes and practice of medical students about their study sources [MD thesis]. Teh¬ran: Tehran University of Medical sciences; 1999.

Seif A. Teaching and learning psychology 5th ed. Tehran: Agah Publication; 2001.

Richardson JTE. Mature students in higher education: II an investigation of approaches to

studying and academic performance. Studies in Higher Education1995; 20(1): 5-17.

Learning strategies: maximizing your academ¬ic experience. [cited 2006 Agu 10].

Available from:


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.