Learning Styles of Medical and Midwifery Students in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences

A Zeraati, H Hajian, R Shojaian

Abstract


347

Background: Students have individual learning style preferences including visual (V; learning from graphs, charts, and flow diagrams), auditory (A; learning from speech), read-write(R; learning from reading and writing), and kinesthetic (K; learning from touch, hearing, smell, taste, and sight).
These preferences can be assessed using the VARK questionnaire.
Purpose: We aimed to assess different learning styles of medical students in our collage.
Methods: This study was conducted to describe learning styles of 214 Medical and Midwifery students in Mashhad University of medical sciences. By using the English version of the VARK questionnaire, we measured the difference in learning styles of medical students and midwifery students and compared with 57336 global general students who completed the test in VARK website up to Sep 2007.
Results: The dominant learning preference of our students was Aural preference (30.8%) followed by Read/Write (20.6%), while (7.5%) were in Kinesthetic and (5.6%) were Visual learners; still most of the students (35.5%) represented a multimodal learning preference. No significant difference was found between males and females. The general pattern between medical student and Midwifery student is the same. There was a significant relation between Internship Entrance Exam score and the
learning styles of medical student and who were more Read/Write got higher scores.
Conclusion: Knowing that our students have different preferred learning modes will help medical instructors in our faculty develop appropriate learning approaches and explore opportunities so that they will be able to make the educational experience more productive.
Key words: MEDICAL EDUCATION, LEARNING MODELS VARK, VISUAL, AUDITORY, READ-WRITE, KINESTHETIC, SSTUDENTS.

Keywords


MEDICAL EDUCATION, LEARNING MODELS VARK, VISUAL, AUDITORY, READ-WRITE, KINESTHETIC, SSTUDENTS

Full Text:

PDF

192

References


Bedford TA. Learning Styles: a Review of Literature [1st draft]. Toowoomba, Australia: OPACS, The University of Southern Queensland; 2006.

Karagiannidis C, Sampson D. Adaptation rules relating learning styles research and learning objects meta-data. Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Adaptive hypermedia and Adaptive Web-based Systems; 2004;Indhoven, Netherlands.

Collins J. Education techniques for lifelong learning. Radiographics 2004;24: 1484-9.

Murphy RJ, Gray SA, Straja SR, Bogert MC. Student learning preferences and teaching implications. J Dental Educ 2004;68: 859-66.

Winn JM, Grantham VV. Using personality type to improve clinical education effectiveness. J Nucl Med Technol 2005; 33:210-3.

Lujan HL, DiCarlo SE. First-year medical students prefer multiple learning styles. Adv Physiol Educ 2006; 30: 13-6.

Fleming ND, Mills C. Not another inventory, rather a catalyst for reflection. Acad Med 1992; 11:137-44.

Zhang S. Students’ Perceptions of Multimedia Classrooms at East Tennessee State University. (PhD thesis). Johnson City, TN: East Tennessee State University; 2002.

Felder RM, Brent R. Understanding student differences. J Engineer Edu 2005. 94 (1), 57-72.

Langlois J, Thach S. Teaching and learning styles in the clinical setting. Fam Med 2001; 33: 344-6.

Boydak AL. Learning Styles. Istanbul: White; 2001. p. 8-10.

Brown B. Myths and Realities No. 26: Teaching Style vs. Learning Style. Columbus, OH: Educational Resources Information Center, 2003.

Dýnakar C, Adams C, Brýmer A, Sýlva MD. Learning preferences of caregivers of asthmatic children. J Asthma 2005; 42: 683–7.

Fleming N. VARK: a Guide to Learning Styles [online]. [Cited 2007 Mar 12] Available from : URL :http://www.vark-learn.com/documents/TheVARK Questionnaire.pdf

Cooper SS. Life Circles, Inc. Learning Styles [online]. [Cited 2007 Mar 12] Available from : URL : http://www.lifecircles-inc.com/learningstyles.htm

Lujan LH, Dicarlo SE. Too much teaching, not enough learning: what is the solution? Adv Physiol Educ 2006; 30: 17–22.

University of Newcastle. Study Skills Guide [online]. [Cited 2007 Mar 12] Available from: URL:http://www.ncl.ac.uk/disability-support/ dyslexia/studyskills.pdf

Bonwell CC, Eison JA. Active Learning: Creating Excitement in the Classroom. Washington, DC: George Washington University; 1991.

Fleming N. VARK: a Guide to Learning Styles [online]. [Cited 2007 Mar 12] Available from : URL :http://www.vark-learn.com/english/ page.asp?p= research




DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/jme.v12i1,2.1097

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.