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Influence of Different Proportions of External Irrigation During the Er,Cr:YSGG Laser Irradiation on Wear and Roughness of Root Surface

Guilherme José Pimentel Lopes de Oliveir, Felipe Eduardo Pinotti, Heglécia da Luz Carvalho, Cássio Rocha Scardueli, Rosemary Adriana Chiérici Marcantonio
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Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different levels of external irrigation during irradiation with an erbium, chromium: yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser on the roughness and wear of dental tissue during scaling procedures.

Methods: Twenty-Five uniradicular bovine teeth had the proximal surfaces planed and divided into 3 regions: upper, middle and lower. The upper region was treated with hand instruments, the middle region was not treated and served as a control, and the lower region was treated by the Er,Cr:YSGG laser. The teeth were randomly divided into five groups according to the different proportions of external irrigation used during the laser irradiation: G1: 10%; G2: 20%; G3: 30%; G4: 40% and G5: 50%. The samples were analyzed for roughness and wear on the root surface irradiated with the laser.

Results: There were no differences in the surface roughness and wear parameters between the groups irradiated with the laser, but the laser irradiation produced a rougher surface of the dentin than treatment with hand scaling.

Conclusion: Changes in the external irrigation level did not influence the wear and roughness of root surfaces treated with an Er,Cr:YSGG laser

Keywords

Dental scaling; Laser; Roughness; Tooth wear.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22037/jlms.v7i1.8590