INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to compare the cost effectiveness of holmium laser prostate enucleation (HOLEP) versus trans-urethral resection of prostate.
METHODS: We searched all available databases for any controlled trials comparing HOLEP and TURP from January 2000 to February 2009. Two independent reviewers studied and appraised the selected evidences. Then, effectiveness and cost effectiveness of HOLEP was evaluated.
RESULTS: We identified four randomized controlled trials and one systematic review according to the inclusion criteria. Most of the studies had moderate quality of evidence with limited sample sizes. Overall success rate of HOLEP was comparable with TURP; but, some secondary outcomes such as pick flow rate twelve months after the surgery was better in HOLEP. A comparison between the original costs and those obtained from sensitivity analysis showed that the cost parameters were sensitive to the number of the patients treated. Increasing the number of the patients from 200 to 300 changed the study’s results in favor of the new techniques.
CONCLUSION: Since the holmium and thulium laser sets are sensitive to the number of the patients and multipurpose, they potentially can be applied for stone fragmentation.Thus, utilization of these equipments will divide the costs between two groups of the services. In economic terms, these properties lower overhead costs and justify the purchasing of these equipments.
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