تاثیر آموزش بر آگاهی و نگرش نسبت به مضرات مصرف سیگار در دانشجویان دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی تهران

رحمن پناهی, علی رمضانخانی, مهدی رضایی, محمود طاووسی, ملیحه پیشوایی, شمس الدین نیک نامی

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چکیده

زمینه و اهداف: نظر به شیوع نسبتا بالای مصرف سیگار در دانشجویان و نقش آگاهی و نگرش در پیشگیری از مصرف سیگار، پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین تاثیر آموزش بر آگاهی و نگرش نسبت به مضرات مصرف سیگار میان دانشجویان اجرا گردید.  

مواد و روشها: این مطالعه مداخله‌ای از نوع نیمه ‌تجربی در سال 1395 و در میان 130 نفر از دانشجویان خوابگاهی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید بهشتی تهران (65 نفر در هر یک از دو گروه مداخله و کنترل) انجام شد. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات، پرسشنامه مشخصات جمعیتی و زمینه‌ای و پرسشنامه روا و پایای موجود جهت سنجش آگاهی و نگرش نسبت به مضرات مصرف سیگار بود که در دو مرحله قبل و سه ماه پس از مداخله تکمیل گردید. آموزش در این مطالعه در قالب شبکه‌های اجتماعی اجرا و پیام‌های آموزشی طی 6 نوبت به دانشجویان گروه مداخله ارسال گردید. داده‌های گردآوری شده با استفاده از آزمون‌های متناسب و نرم‌افزار SPSS  نسخه 16 تحلیل شدند. تمامی مراحل مطالعه حاضر طبق موازین اخلاقی اجرا گردید.

یافته‌ها: قبل از مداخله، بین متغیرهای جمعیتی و زمینه‌ای، میانگین نمرات آگاهی و نگرش نسبت به مضرات مصرف سیگار در دو گروه، تفاوت معنادار وجود نداشت (p>0.05). پس از مداخله، مقایسه دو گروه نشان داد که میانگین نمرات آگاهی و نگرش نسبت به مضرات مصرف سیگار در گروه مداخله به طور معناداری نسبت به گروه کنترل، تغییر داشته است (p<0.05). 

نتیجه‌گیری: در مداخلات آموزشی جهت ارتقای آگاهی و نگرش نسبت به مضرات مصرف سیگار در دانشجویان، می‌توان از شبکه‌های اجتماعی استفاده کرد.

موضوع

آموزش; آگاهی; نگرش; پیشگیری; مصرف سیگار; دانشجویان

تمام متن:

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